American Brilliant cut glass came out of the shadows of European cut glass in 1876 at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There, representatives from eight American glass manufacturers showed off their leaded-crystal goblets, tumblers, decanters, and serving plates, each of which had been deeply cut by hand on a succession of metal, stone, and wooden wheels. The Brilliant Period, as the heyday of the form is known, lasted from the nation’s centennial until the first decade of the 20th century, when changing tastes and less-expensive pressed glass, which replicated the look of cut glass, pushed the real thing to the sidelines. In fact, by 1910 many of the floral, fruit, and geometric patterns in cut glass were pressed first and then cut, making them less costly to produce and less desirable to contemporary collectors.

During the Brilliant Period, roughly 1,000 cutting shops were founded to meet the demand. These shops would turn thick, unadorned blanks into multifaceted confections, whose cut and engraved surfaces splashed light around a room. Companies such Dorflinger, Hawkes, Libbey, J. Hoare and Co., T. G. Hawkes, Tuthill, Egginton, and Mt. Washington were highly regarded for the quality of their work, as well as their artistry. Hawkes would go on to found Steuben with Frederick Carder, while Libbey made Brilliant glassware for the White House.

Some of the most sought-after patterns cut during the American period of cut glass are Wedgemere, Aztec, and Ellsmere by Libbey; Aberdeen by Jewel; Queens, Chrysanthemum, and Nautilus by Hawkes; Assyrian by Sinclaire; Poppy by Tuthill; Wheat by Hoare; and Russian and Comet by a number of companies. Shapes can also be considered rare, such as tea and coffee pots, table lamps, oil lamps, triple-ring lapidary neck decanters, cake plates, punch bowls, and whiskey bottles. Finally, while many pieces are clear, look for colors, including ruby, green, rainbow, blue, and turquoise, if you can even find them.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

American Cut Glass Association

American Cut Glass Association

A great reference on ‘American Brilliant Cut Glass’ (produced between 1876 and 1914), this site features a stri… [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Rare Lifebuoy Decanter Signed Hawkes 1401pattern American Brilliant Cut Glass NrAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Rare Pedestal Cream & Sugar AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Very Rare Chamber Stick 1900s AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Scarce Earlypattern Libbey Bowl AbpFlower Center Vase Fry Brighton Pattern American Brilliant Period Cut Glass NrOld Superb Cut Crystal Abp Brilliant Period Covered Dresser Powder Jar American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Rare Bowl Comet Type Motif 1900 AbpSuperb Cut Crystal Abp Serving Platter In The Manner Of Libbey And HawkesSpectacular Vintage Intricate Cut Crystal Abp Large 16” Scale Centerpiece BowlPair American Brilliant Dorflinger Cranberry Overlay Cut Glass Wine Glasses American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Butter Dish And Dome C1905 AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Hinged Box Butterfly Motif 1900 AbpO.f. Egginton American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Water Jug Set 1900s Abp NrAntique Abp Brilliant Period Cut Crystal Scalloped Bowl Antique Abp Brilliant Period Cut Crystal Scalloped Bowl #2Signed Hawkes Abp Brilliant Cut Glass - Serving Bowl - 8Superb Large 9"d Blowout Bowl Signed Hawkes----fine Quality And BlankAbp Cut Glass Crystal Square Looking Bowl Signed LibbeyAbp Large Ice Cream Tray 13 1/2 Inches No ReserveSigned Hawkes Abp Brilliant Cut Glass - 12 Footed Cordial GlassesAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Fine Tab Handle Ice Tub C1905 AbpH.c. Fry American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Bowl 1900s Abp 9.5" NrVintage Brilliant Cut Glass Pedestal Desert Or Fruit Punch BowlSigned Libbey Glass Co. Brides BasketAmerican Brilliant Glass Bowl Beautifully Cut Heavy Piece Pineapple Tops AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Rare 2 Handle Fern C1900 AbpAntique Cut Glass Crystal Compote Bowl W/prisms Brass Pedestal Italy Marble BaseAmerican Brilliant Period Abp Cut Glass 7" Dish Libbey Signed With A Sword RareAbp Unusual 5 Sided Bowl Anderson Twilight? No ReserveAntique American Brilliant Intaglio Cut Glass Vase W Sterling Silver BaseAntique Heavy Cut Glass Compote Server & TrayAntique Hawkes Signed "gravic Glass" American Brilliant Period Blow-out BowlSet Of 5 Antique Brilliant Period Cut Glass Crystal Abp Salt Cellars Leaf BowlSigned Tuthill Cut Glass Sugar Bowl Primrose Mint!American Cut CrystalSigned Libbey American Brilliant Clear Cut Glass 8" Bowl Loretta PatternAntique American Brilliant Period Libbey Signed "radiant" Bowl About 7" X3"American Brilliant Cut Glass Abp Tumbler Whiskey Glass Heart & Feather Unusual !American Brilliant Cut Glass Abp Tumbler Whiskey Glass Heart Pitkin & BrooksAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Pairpoint Whiskey Fantastic!!!Pitcher Abp Cut Glass Crystal Star Bottom Handled Jug Pitcher Antique VintageAbp Cut Glass Signed Hawkes Gladys Pattern 7 Inch Diameter PlateAmerican Brilliant Cut Crystal Bowl W/etched Roses & Cut Fringed LeavesOld, Heavy, Beautiful Cut Glass Bowl - Abp?Abp Cut Glass Dorflinger 7 Inch Plate Cut In The Strawberry Diamond Pattern Abp Cut Glass Harvard Pattern Oval TrayEapc Candy Glass Dish Bowl Heavy Lead Cut Sawtooth Rim Signed Nucut NAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Miniature CompoteAbp Cut Glass Harvard Pattern Large Celery TraySet Of 4 American Brilliant Period Abp Cut Claret Or White Wine GlassesAbp Cut Glass Very High Quality Meridan Cut Glass Champagne GlassDorflinger? Engraved Vase With Ruffled Rim American Brilliant Cut Glass Abp Tumbler Whiskey Glass Heart & Feather Unusual !9 3/4 In.beautiful- Cut Glass Brilliant Period Decanter - Near Mint Condition.Vintage Brilliant Cut Glass Deviled Egg Tray Platter SectionedClark Signed Cut Glass Handled Nappy From The American Brilliant Cut GlassAmerican Brilliant Period Cut Glass Carafe Mold BlownVintage Brilliant Cut Glass Trifle Or Desert BowlBrilliant Cut Glass Decanter With Glass Stopper Vintage GlasswareAbp Cut Glass Sharply Cut 10 Inch Round Tray