American Brilliant cut glass came out of the shadows of European cut glass in 1876 at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There, representatives from eight American glass manufacturers showed off their leaded-crystal goblets, tumblers, decanters, and serving plates, each of which had been deeply cut by hand on a succession of metal, stone, and wooden wheels. The Brilliant Period, as the heyday of the form is known, lasted from the nation’s centennial until the first decade of the 20th century, when changing tastes and less-expensive pressed glass, which replicated the look of cut glass, pushed the real thing to the sidelines. In fact, by 1910 many of the floral, fruit, and geometric patterns in cut glass were pressed first and then cut, making them less costly to produce and less desirable to contemporary collectors.

During the Brilliant Period, roughly 1,000 cutting shops were founded to meet the demand. These shops would turn thick, unadorned blanks into multifaceted confections, whose cut and engraved surfaces splashed light around a room. Companies such Dorflinger, Hawkes, Libbey, J. Hoare and Co., T. G. Hawkes, Tuthill, Egginton, and Mt. Washington were highly regarded for the quality of their work, as well as their artistry. Hawkes would go on to found Steuben with Frederick Carder, while Libbey made Brilliant glassware for the White House.

Some of the most sought-after patterns cut during the American period of cut glass are Wedgemere, Aztec, and Ellsmere by Libbey; Aberdeen by Jewel; Queens, Chrysanthemum, and Nautilus by Hawkes; Assyrian by Sinclaire; Poppy by Tuthill; Wheat by Hoare; and Russian and Comet by a number of companies. Shapes can also be considered rare, such as tea and coffee pots, table lamps, oil lamps, triple-ring lapidary neck decanters, cake plates, punch bowls, and whiskey bottles. Finally, while many pieces are clear, look for colors, including ruby, green, rainbow, blue, and turquoise, if you can even find them.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

American Cut Glass Association

American Cut Glass Association

A great reference on ‘American Brilliant Cut Glass’ (produced between 1876 and 1914), this site features a stri… [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Abp Cut Glass Crystal Pitcher On A Pedestal Signed LibbeyAbp Cut Glass Crystal Pitcher Signed Hoare In Monarch PatternAbp Cut Glass Crystal Pitcher Signed LibbeyRare American Brilliant Cut Glass Bowl, Comet PatternAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Unique Pattern Maple City Bowl AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Huge Hoare Nassau Bowl 1905 AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Scarce 2 Handle Vase 1900s AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Huge Bergen Rose Bowl 1905 AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Scarce 2 Handle Bowl By Empire AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Mayo Set Circa 1905 AbpHawkes Cut Glass Willow Lattice & Rosettes Celery Relish Tray RareStunning C. 1900 Glass Bowl With Parakeets Signed LibbeyAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Plate 7 InchesExcellent Abp Cut Glass Crystal Oval Bread Tray In Libbey's Imperial PatternShimmering 19thc American Brilliant Period Cut Glass 11.5" Centerpiece BowlAmerican Brilliant Period Cut Glass Birks Dresser Jar Sterling Lid Art NouveauFine 19thc American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Cream & Sugar SetTurthill Signed American Brilliant Cut Glass Tray.Beautiful Antique Abp Heavy Cut Glass Water Pitcher 9" High Long Flower DesignAntique American Brilliant Cut Glass Water Or Beverage PitcherAntique Abp Cut Glass Tray Signed J. Hoare & Co 1853 Corning 13"Abp Cut Glass Sharply Cut Very Brilliant BowlNice Pairpoint American Brilliant Cut Glass Bowl, Estelle PatternAbp Cut Glass Sterling Silver Top Champagne PitcherSinclaire Etched Footed Bowl 10" X 6.75" Signed "s"Antique 6" Tuthill Abc Intaglio Cut Grapes And Cut Glass Bowl American BrilliantMagnificent, Pairpoint Cut Crystal Compote, "wilton" PatternAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Ice Cream Tray Unusual Pattern Large ChipAntique Abp Cut Glass Plate, Hobstars & Daysie Buttons + Loops 8"American Brilliant Cut Glass--double-handled Spooner--unsigned ClarkAntique American Brilliant Deep Cut Crystal Glass Vase Cornucopia Abp J. Hoare?Abp American Brilliant Period Cut Crystal Glass Bowl Signed Tuthill Flowers MoreAmerican Brilliant Period Abp Cut Glass Humidor Jar Wallace Sterling Silver Lid American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Dish Low Bowl Tuthill PrimroseAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Cylinder Vase Abp 12"American Brilliant Cut Glass Decanter--triple Ring Neck-12 1/2" Tall-weighs 5 LbAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass-pitcher--cut To Pieces !!!--pairpoint PatternAntique Brilliant Cut Glass 9" Bowl With 1900 Dated Gorham Sterling Silver RimArt Deco Hawkes Crystal Aquila Star 48 Oz Cut Glass Pitcher 7 3/8" StemwareAmerican Brilliant Period Hawkes Gravic Cut Glass 5 5/8 Inch Bowl StrawberryGorgeous Antique Abp Cut Glass Intricately Etched Blossom Flower Bowl 3 1/2 LbsAbp Brilliant Cut Glass 3 Wine GobletsPerfect Hawkes Brazilian Goblet C. 1888 Desirable Pattern Cut Glass American19th C. Sandwich Blown Flint Glass Cut Overlay Flat Diamond Pattern Wine RinserAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Bowl Pair Of (2) American Brilliant Cut Crystal Vases W/ Silver Plated Base Wj MyattAbp Cut Glass Vase Beautiful Floral Cuts Ex!4 Brilliant Green Cut To Clear Wine GlassesAntique American Brilliant Cut Glass Candy Dish W/ Handle Abp Compote/comfortAmerican Brilliant Period Hawkes Gravic Cut Glass Strawberry Cream Sugar SetVintage Cut And Intaglio Low BowlAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass 10" Low Form BowlBrilliant Period Engraved Cut Glass Corset Vase - Sunflower1960s Brilliant Deep Cuts Crystal Glass Serving Platter Floral 12" Round !nice!Abp American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Bowl Rounded Triangle Condiment BowlAbp Cut Glass Bowl Unknown Maker Possibly Hawkes LorraineVintage Heavy Cut Glass Clear Fruit Bowl Vintage Antique Heavy Square 9 1/2" Crystal Vase