American Brilliant cut glass came out of the shadows of European cut glass in 1876 at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There, representatives from eight American glass manufacturers showed off their leaded-crystal goblets, tumblers, decanters, and serving plates, each of which had been deeply cut by hand on a succession of metal, stone, and wooden wheels. The Brilliant Period, as the heyday of the form is known, lasted from the nation’s centennial until the first decade of the 20th century, when changing tastes and less-expensive pressed glass, which replicated the look of cut glass, pushed the real thing to the sidelines. In fact, by 1910 many of the floral, fruit, and geometric patterns in cut glass were pressed first and then cut, making them less costly to produce and less desirable to contemporary collectors.

During the Brilliant Period, roughly 1,000 cutting shops were founded to meet the demand. These shops would turn thick, unadorned blanks into multifaceted confections, whose cut and engraved surfaces splashed light around a room. Companies such Dorflinger, Hawkes, Libbey, J. Hoare and Co., T. G. Hawkes, Tuthill, Egginton, and Mt. Washington were highly regarded for the quality of their work, as well as their artistry. Hawkes would go on to found Steuben with Frederick Carder, while Libbey made Brilliant glassware for the White House.

Some of the most sought-after patterns cut during the American period of cut glass are Wedgemere, Aztec, and Ellsmere by Libbey; Aberdeen by Jewel; Queens, Chrysanthemum, and Nautilus by Hawkes; Assyrian by Sinclaire; Poppy by Tuthill; Wheat by Hoare; and Russian and Comet by a number of companies. Shapes can also be considered rare, such as tea and coffee pots, table lamps, oil lamps, triple-ring lapidary neck decanters, cake plates, punch bowls, and whiskey bottles. Finally, while many pieces are clear, look for colors, including ruby, green, rainbow, blue, and turquoise, if you can even find them.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

American Cut Glass Association

American Cut Glass Association

A great reference on ‘American Brilliant Cut Glass’ (produced between 1876 and 1914), this site features a stri… [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Hawkes Queens Pitcher 1900s AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Fine Whiskey Jug / Decanter AbpAntique American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Ornate Faceted Vase Must SeeBeautiful Mt Washington Cut Glass Rose Bowl, Persian PatternAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Fine Large Bowling Pin Vase AbpAbp American Brilliant Cut Glass Loving Cup,early Super Quality, 1898, Averbeck American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Hawkes Teutonic Vase 1900s AbpScarce Antique American Brilliant Cut Glass Handled Bowl - Sterling RimC1890 Pairpoint Cut Glass Large Hinged Dresser Box~~buckingham Pattern?Early Hawkes Signed Gravic Glass Vase Flower Iris Design Cut Engraved - 10" TallBeautiful Signed Hawkes Abp American Brilliant Star & Fan Cut Glass DishLarge, Elegant American Brilliant Rich Cut Glass Tray Pristine Cond.American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Large Basket 1900s AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Unusual Shape Straus Bowl 1900s AbpHawkes Crystal And Sterling Bottle StopperRare Signed Libbey Sword 1896-1906 Abp American Brilliant Cut Glass BowlAbp Cut Glass Bowl, Hobstars & Vesicas, Intricate Pattern, 9 3/4” Diameter2 Piece Punch Bowl With Ladel From American Brilliant Period Cut GlassHuge 12 1/4" American Brilliant Rich Cut Glass Tray Exc. Cond. Beautiful!! American Brilliant Cut Glass BowlAmerican Brilliant Period Oval Banana Bowl Or Fruit Bowl Perhaps LibbeyAbp Cut Glass Signed Hawkes Pedestal Cream Pitcher 6 1/4 Inches TallSix Dorflinger American Brilliant Cut Glass Goblets, Hob DiamondSix Dorflinger American Brilliant Cut Glass Wine Glasses, Hob Diamond American Brilliant Period Round Bowl Hobstars W Raised Centers & Notched PrismsTuthill American Brilliant Cut Glass Handled Sugar Bowl - Primrose PatternBrilliant Cut Glass Abp Crystal Master Berry Fruit Bowl Hobstars Heavy BlankBeautiful Signed Libbey Abp American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Vase20th C Antique Abp American Brilliant Cut Glass Starburst Pattern Decanter YqzLibbey Signed Rock Crystal Engraved Vase Set, Floral Abp American Brilliant CutAntique Abp Cut Glass Vase American Brilliant Period Crystal Pitkin & BrooksSigned J. Hoare & Co. Corning 1853 Abp American Brilliant Cut Glass BowlAntique American Brillant Cut Glass Vase 14 Inches Tall Weighs 4.5 PoundsAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Lemon Butter Ball Dish With Knob StunningAbp Antique Cut Glass - Lovely 8 Inch BowlAntique Abp Cut Glass Trumpet Vase Chalice Antique Etched Crystal Cut Glass Pitcher~diamondpoint & ThistleAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Oval Geometric & Floral Candy DishCanastota Glass - Diamond Poinsettia - 8" Relish / Candy Dish - Ideal Mfg CoAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Cologne Perfume Bottle NrHawkes Signed Etched Floral & Cut Hob-stars Pitcher With 3 Matching Glasses AbpAntique American Brilliant Period Deeply Cut Glass Hobstar 8.5" Bowl Abp 3.75 LbAntique Abp Cut Glass Bowl Candy Dish FlowerBeautiful American Brilliant Floral Etched Glass Vase 10 1/8" Tall 4 3/4" MouthAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Set 13 Hobstar Design Punch Cups For Any Punch Bowl12" Abp American Brilliant Period Rich Cut & Engraved Glass Square Flared Vase American Brilliant " Straus Cut Glass " Strauss Straus & Sons 13"Brilliant 11" Cut Glass Pitcher Abp---beautiful! Slight Flaws, Great Deal !American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Crystal Pedestal Creamer Pitcher Sugar BowlAbp Hand Cut Crystal Bowl Hexagon Etched Saw Tooth Edge Thick Heavy 9.5"x3.5"American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Nappy / Ice Cream BowlWebb Corbett Georgian 4 Wine GobletsAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass 5" NappyAntique American Brilliant Cut Glass Oval Ruffled In Saw Toothed Rim Dish