American Brilliant cut glass came out of the shadows of European cut glass in 1876 at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There, representatives from eight American glass manufacturers showed off their leaded-crystal goblets, tumblers, decanters, and serving plates, each of which had been deeply cut by hand on a succession of metal, stone, and wooden wheels. The Brilliant Period, as the heyday of the form is known, lasted from the nation’s centennial until the first decade of the 20th century, when changing tastes and less-expensive pressed glass, which replicated the look of cut glass, pushed the real thing to the sidelines. In fact, by 1910 many of the floral, fruit, and geometric patterns in cut glass were pressed first and then cut, making them less costly to produce and less desirable to contemporary collectors.

During the Brilliant Period, roughly 1,000 cutting shops were founded to meet the demand. These shops would turn thick, unadorned blanks into multifaceted confections, whose cut and engraved surfaces splashed light around a room. Companies such Dorflinger, Hawkes, Libbey, J. Hoare and Co., T. G. Hawkes, Tuthill, Egginton, and Mt. Washington were highly regarded for the quality of their work, as well as their artistry. Hawkes would go on to found Steuben with Frederick Carder, while Libbey made Brilliant glassware for the White House.

Some of the most sought-after patterns cut during the American period of cut glass are Wedgemere, Aztec, and Ellsmere by Libbey; Aberdeen by Jewel; Queens, Chrysanthemum, and Nautilus by Hawkes; Assyrian by Sinclaire; Poppy by Tuthill; Wheat by Hoare; and Russian and Comet by a number of companies. Shapes can also be considered rare, such as tea and coffee pots, table lamps, oil lamps, triple-ring lapidary neck decanters, cake plates, punch bowls, and whiskey bottles. Finally, while many pieces are clear, look for colors, including ruby, green, rainbow, blue, and turquoise, if you can even find them.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

American Cut Glass Association

American Cut Glass Association

A great reference on ‘American Brilliant Cut Glass’ (produced between 1876 and 1914), this site features a stri… [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Antique C1850 Boston & Sandwich Blue Cut To Clear Glass Perfume BottleAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Above Average Vase 1900s AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Whiskey Jug Circa 1905 AbpTall Abp Cut Glass Crystal Pitcher On A PedestalRare Hawkes Signed Iris Intaglio - 2 Glasses Abp Cut Glass Cornwall - Beautiful!American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique (2) Goblets Dorflinger 1900s AbpAbp Antique Early American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Crystal Punch Bowl Set YqzAntique American Brilliant Cut Glass Trumpet Vase Epergne W/ Squirrel Mount 16"Hawkes American Brilliant Cut Glass Kensington Pattern Oval Tray 15.75" SignedAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Decanter Circa 1905 AbpAntique Decante C1850 Boston Sandwich Red Cut To Clear Cut Glass Perfume BottleAntique Abp American Brilliant Cut Glass 8" Bowl In Rex CuttingAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Era - Cut To Clear Bowl — Val St Lambert ?Abp Antique American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Flint Lead Crystal Rose Bowl YqzAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass - Sinclaire Design #98 — 9.75" PlateRare Abp Cut Glass Crystal Covered Punch BowlAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Hinged Box 1900s AbpRare Antique American Brilliant Blackmer Cut Glass Columbia Pattern 7" Plate AbpAbp Antique American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Crystal Salad Bowl Gorgeous! YqzAbp Cut Glass Crystal Barrel Shaped PitcherHawkes American Brilliant Cut Glass Aberdeen Pattern Set 6 Plates 6 1/8" SignedPair Vintage Cut Crystal DecantersAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Antique Large Canoe Circa 1905 AbpAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass - Libbey Senora Pattern BowlAbp Antique American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Flint Crystal Compote Bowl YqzRare Antique American Brilliant Extremely Well Heavy Cut Glass 6.25" Plate Abp Vintage Hawkes Crystal Vase Intaglio Cut Art Glass Floral Design SignedAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Mustard Pot And Lid Abp Excellent ConditionHawkes American Brilliant Cut Glass Master SaltUnusual Abp Intaglio Engraved Thistle Pat.design John N.illig Glass Decanter,nrAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Elmira # 100 Antique Big 12.5" Wine Jug Pitcher AbpAbp Cut Glass Signed J Hoare High Quality Unusual Pattern BowlPair Abp Cut Glass Carafe Water Bottles Swirl Pattern Similar To Richelieu Hoare American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Oval Dish - Hand Cut Abp Antique CrystalAntique Signed Hawkes American Brilliant Abp Cut Glass / Crystal Bowl 8 InchAbp Intaglio Engraved Butterfly Hand Blown Cut Glass Crystal 11"1/4long Tray,nr!Stunning Antique American Brilliant Deep Cut Glass BowlAbp Cut Glass Very Heavy Well Cut VaseAbp Antique Libbey Signed American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal Punch Bowl Nr YqzAbp Brilliant Cut Glass 2 Tumblers W/ 5 Point Stars LibbeyVintage American Brilliant Cut Glass Tall Cylindrical Vase Abp Pairpoint Glass Cut Etched Dresser Box Powder Jar Flowers Vanity Ladies TalcAntique Abp American Brilliant Cut Glass Dbl Handled BowlAntique Harvard American Brilliant Period Abp Cut Glass Knife Rest (one)American Brilliant Cut Glass Signed Hawkes PlateJd Bergen Bedford Cut Crystal Mustard Jar With Lid Abp American Brilliant GlassAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Ice Tub Bucket With Tab HandlesAmerican Brilliant Period Abp Irving White Rose Pitcher & 4 Matching TumblersAbp Intaglio Butterfly Ideal Co.cut Glass Crystal Tumbler,excond.#3Antique Abp American Brilliant Cut Glass Boat Shaped Hobstar Bowl 11 5/8"Abp Intaglio Butterfly Cut Glass Crystal Compote Thistle Flower,excond.nr !4.5 Pounds Cut Glass Bowl Oblong Shallow Abp 12 Hobstars W/ Cut HobnailsHawkes Abp Cut Glass Low BowlAbp American Brilliant Cut Glass 12" Crystal Corset Vase Buzzsaws Hobstar ChainIntricate Cut Crystal Thick Chalice Chandelier Vase W 12 8" Long Spears As IsSet Of 8 Signed Hawkes Cut & Etched Antique Art Glass Bowls/dishesEapg Round Pedestal Cake Stand Dish Unidentified Pattern Stars Eyes Cross CutLarge American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Oval Dish Deep Cut Abp Antique CrystalCut Glass Water Tumbler Delta Alpha Phi Fraternity Hobstar Fan Star BrilliantAmerican Brilliant Cut Glass Celery 13" By 5"