Fenton Glass Company started in 1905, when brothers Frank and John Fenton set up shop in an old glass factory in Martins Ferry, Ohio. Their initial business model was to paint glass blanks supplied by other manufacturers, but when the brothers ran into supply snags, they decided to make their own, setting up a glassblowing facility in Williamstown, West Virginia.

Of the myriad manufacturers of carnival glass, a type of colorful molded glassware that was popular in the first half of the 20th century, Fenton Glass Company is arguably the most influential and important. Fenton basically introduced the category in 1907, when company co-founder Frank Fenton and factory manager Jacob Rosenthal created an iridescent, "poor-man’s Tiffany" called Iridill.

To make the Iridill vases and bowls—some footed, some flat-bottomed—molten glass was pressed into a mold. In some cases the resulting relief sits on the exterior of the vessel, but there are many more examples in which the relief projects from within the object. The line was an immediate hit thanks to the eye-catching surface treatments, as well as the patterns and designs that jumped from the pieces to create rich reliefs. Most of Fenton’s early patterns came from nature. These included Waterlily and Cattails, Butterfly and Berries, Peacock Tail, Wreath of Roses, and Thistle.

When looking at Fenton's antique or vintage carnival glass, it helps to be able to identify the various characteristics and traits. For example, patterns could be stamped onto the outside of a piece (also called the back), the inside (front), or both. The bases of pieces were also varied—some had flat collars while others sported ball or spatula feet.

The edges of carnival glass are another differentiator. Some are smooth with gentle undulations, others are divided into alternating sections of unbroken curves and sharp points to create what is known as a bracket edge. Other pieces feature edges that appear crimped, ruffled, pulled, or resemble the teeth of a saw.

While carnival glass was made for everyday use, many pieces seemed suited to special occasions or the serving of treats. Thus, Fenton made a great number of ruffled candy dishes, high-sided nut bowls, and low nappies.

In the 1920s, Fenton introduced a red carnival color that would prove to be a hit with customers of the day and contemporary Fenton collectors alike. But as the 1930s arrived and the Depression deepened, Fenton dropped its carnival lines in favor of household items such as plates and mixing bowls. Other designs produced during the late 1930s and throughout the 1940s include the ruffled-edge Crest pieces and the twisting Spiral Optics...

It was tough going, and the company almost didn’t make it. What rescued Fenton was a Victorian style of glass called Hobnail, whose uniformly bumpy surface resembled the bottoms of hobnail boots. It had been out of fashion for decades, but Fenton found a new audience for this "retro" glassware. A pattern called Diamond Lace combined the bumpy surface of the Hobnails with the optical qualities of the Spiral Optics. And then Fenton produced a milk glass Hobnail. Sales eclipsed even those tallied during the heyday of Iridill, and the company’s future was once again secure.

By the 1950s, many Fenton bowls were adorned with handles to turn them into baskets. Up until that decade, no Fenton piece had carried its maker’s mark, but now Fenton decided that the work of the handler (the gaffer who takes a band of molten glass and with a few deft moves fashions it into a handle) should be recognized. This helps collectors of vintage Fenton to identify the date and pedigree of pieces from 1953 to the present.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Fairy Lamp Club

Fairy Lamp Club

This incredible site is a stunning showcase for Victorian and contemporary fairy lamps, a style of lamp with a glas… [read review or visit site]

Pattern Glass School

Pattern Glass School

If you need schooling on Victorian-era pressed glass tableware aka EAPG (Early American Pattern Glass) aka Pattern … [read review or visit site]

Loetz.com

Loetz.com

This fabulous site is a guide to Bohemian art glass makers from 1885 to 1920. Loetz was the premier Bohemian glass … [read review or visit site]

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Cloud Glass Reference Site

Chris and Val Stewart’s impressive attempt to create a complete catalogue of all known cloud glass, a decorative … [read review or visit site]

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club

The heart of this website, home of the Antique Glass Salt and Sugar Shaker Club, is the Identification Project, whe… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Discussion Forums

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

"rare" Vintage Pair Fenton Cased Cranberry Hobnail Hurricane Lamp Candleholder Vintage Fenton Carnival Glass Concord Bowl With Gold& Electric Blue HighlightsGorgeous Large Fenton Cranberry Opalescent Daisy And Fern Ruffled VaseFenton Fagca 1976-1996 Burmese Butterfly& Floral Ginger Jar- Nice1990’s Hobnail Fenton Blue Iridescent 3 Horn Petite Epergne Awesome Fenton Hand Painted French Opalescent Swirl Hurricane Lamp / FritAntique 1800s Fenton Orange Tree Carnival Glass Hat Pin Holder Vase Vintage OldVtg Fenton Hobnail Milk Glass Pedestal Cake Stand Ruffled Wedding Cupcake PlateFenton Slag Koi Fish Figurine ~ Perfect ~ With Logo And StickerFenton Cranberry Flower Design Pitcher Creamer Ruffled EdgeBeautiful Fenton Red Carnival Glass Atlantis Fish VaseVtg 13" Ripple Vase Fenton Carnival Glass Iridescent Purple Amethyst Blue YellowVtg 13" Fenton White Hobnail Pedestal Cake Plate Stand Milk Glass Excellent! NrVintage Fenton Topaz Vaseline Opalescent Hobnail Glass Pitcher Jug Vintage Fenton Cranberry Hobnail Salt & Pepper Shakers, 3 1/2" HighVintage Lot Milk Glass Hobnail Cream Sugar Butter Pedestal Dish Salt Pepper VaseFenton Sitting Cat - Pink Blush Florals Gold Accents On Ivory Satin - Qvc 1996Vtg 7 1/2" Fenton Carnival Glass Peacock Urn Bowl Iridescent Flower Amethyst RedDark Purple Hobnail Fenton? Opalescent Barber Or Dresser BottleFenton Art Glass Emerald Green "stretch" Epergne Scarce Fenton Glass Heart Spot Optic Fairy Lamp/light1950's *complete * Fenton White Milk Glass Hobnail Punch Bowl Set * Its Perfect!Rare Fenton Honey Suckle / Butterscotch Opalescent Coin Dot Ginger Jar Rare 1950's Fenton Turquoise With Silver Crest Edge Square CompoteFenton Cranberry Opalescent Coin Dot VaseFantastic Antique Fenton Vaseline Opalescent Hobnail Covered Compote / GlowsAwesome Fenton Stars And Stripes Air Brushed Folk Art RoosterHalloween White Owl Pt. With Kettle And Bats Fenton By WilliamsFenton Cranberry Hobnail Jack In Pulpit VaseFenton Lop Ear Bunny Rabbit - Poppies "let's Bee Burmese" - 2003 Limited To 3500Nice Cranberry Opalescent Draped Fenton Three Piece Fairy Lamp Fenton Orange Tree Scroll Antique Carnival Glass Tumbler~scarce Blue~exquisite!Northwood Purple Peacocks Plate "electric Highlights"Fenton Stretch Glass Epergne Vase Iridescent Pink Fenton Glass - Yellow Opalescent Coin Dot Topaz Pattern Cruet With StopperFenton Iridized Green With Milk Glass Slag Head Alley CatSet Of 8 Vintage Fenton White Silver Crest Plates - ExcellentHalloween Black Ghost With Moon And Owls Pt. On Signed CutshawFenton Blue & White Ruffled, Handled Basket W/ Original Tag-signed Frank FentonFenton Peacock And Urn Plate "colorful"Fenton Cranberry Opalescent Ruffled Top Hobnail/ Drape Handcrafted Electric LampVintage Fenton Cranberry Opalescent Hobnail Vase 8 InchFenton Art Glass Blue Opalescent Daisy And Fern Jack In The Pulpit 11 In. VaseRare Mib L/e Fenton Art Glass Mary Gregory B. Higgins Fairy Lamp #1330 Signed NrLot Of 10 Glass Figurine Precious Bird Mouse Squirrel Art Some Hand Painted EtcOoak Fenton Dave Fetty Dave Rawson Cameo Sandcarved VaseScarce Fenton Carnival Peacock & Grape Peach Opalsecent 3/1 Edge BowlMint+perf~vintage~1950s"fenton Glass"cranberry/pink"opalescent"hobnail"oil CruetFabulous Fenton Faverene Hand Painted Vase / R DehartFenton Pink Irridescent Frosted Christmas Tree~on Lighted Base~gold DoveFenton Stars And Stripes Top Hat With Blue Crest , C. 2001Lot Of 11 Angels Glass Fenton Figurine Angel Praying Wings Some Hand PaintedCarnival Glass Bowl Fenton Vintage Persian Mcdallion Bearded Blackberry SignedFenton Sitting Cat - Celeste Blue Carnival Florals Frit Lattice - Qvc 1995 Fenton 5162 X9 Handpainted Opalescence Purple Splendor Bunny Rabbit 2001Vintage Fenton Cranberry Opalescent Coin Dot Rose Bowl Vase Ruffled Edge"rare" Vintage Fenton ~ Cased Cranberry Hobnail ~ Hurricane Lamp CandleholderSigned Fenton Handcrafted Painted Colbalt Blue Art Glass Ruffle Electric Lamp Vintage Fenton Art Glass Silver Crest 5 Piece 4 Horn Large 13.5 Inch Epergne4 Fenton Glass Figurines 3 Bears 1 Cat All Signed Williams Beck Dowler Used

Recent News: Fenton Glass

Source: Google News

The Way it Was: Columnist recalls many famous factory tours
The-News-Leader, July 16th

We were just a few feet from the workers at Fenton Glass in Williamstown, W.Va. We saw workers blow a glass pitcher in a mold and remove it. While one man held it in place, another man brought a limp, hot, glass rod and placed it to make a handle for...Read more

Kovels.com Top 20 Antiques and Collectibles Searches for June 2014
PR Web (press release), July 15th

The Kovels' Top 20 list is based on the results of hundreds of thousands of searches that took place on its website during June 2014. Fenton has been creeping up the Top 20 list and this month appears at the top. It's a popular and often inexpensive ...Read more

West Virginia Commission on the Arts, Division of Culture and History Award ...
HNN Huntingtonnews.net, July 15th

Amber Carman, Huttonsville, Randolph County: $2,500 to purchase a torch with hanger and Fenton Glass frit and cullet, and batch. Christopher L. Clark, Princeton, Mercer County: $2,500 to buy a MacBook Pro and Apple Thunderbolt display to create larger ...Read more

Stocks higher on earnings, acquisition news
Huntington Herald Dispatch, July 15th

NEW YORK — Stocks shook off last week's doldrums and finished sharply higher Monday, driven by a round of corporate deal news and strong earnings from Citigroup. Investors cheered AECOM Technology's $4 billion acquisition of engineering and ...Read more

Patriotic symbols popular with collectors
Las Vegas Review-Journal, July 12th

Q: What marking should be on the bottom to identify something as Fenton glass? I have seen a few different markings on items on eBay. A: Fenton was founded in 1905 in Martins Ferry, Ohio. The company is known for its carnival glass made from 1907 to ...Read more

Kovels: Collectors enjoy patriotic symbols
Winston-Salem Journal, July 3rd

Most Fenton glass is marked “Fenton,” but some other marks also were used. Pieces marked with an “F” in an oval were made from molds bought from other glass companies. Pieces marked with the three letters “O,” “V” and “G” are part of Fenton's Olde ...Read more

Patriotic folk art
Washington Observer Reporter, July 3rd

Most Fenton glass is marked “Fenton,” but some other marks also were used. Pieces marked with an “F” in an oval were made from molds bought from other glass companies. Pieces marked with the three letters “O,” “V” and “G” are part of Fenton's Olde ...Read more

July Fourth bric-a-brac comes in all shapes
HeraldNet, July 3rd

A: Fenton was founded in 1905 in Martins Ferry, Ohio. The company is known for its carnival glass made between 1907 and 1920. Most Fenton glass is marked “Fenton,” but some other marks also were used. Pieces marked with an “F” in an oval were made ...Read more