Fenton Glass Company started in 1905, when brothers Frank and John Fenton set up shop in an old glass factory in Martins Ferry, Ohio. Their initial business model was to paint glass blanks supplied by other manufacturers, but when the brothers ran into supply snags, they decided to make their own, setting up a glassblowing facility in Williamstown, West Virginia.

Of the myriad manufacturers of carnival glass, a type of colorful molded glassware that was popular in the first half of the 20th century, Fenton Glass Company is arguably the most influential and important. Fenton basically introduced the category in 1907, when company co-founder Frank Fenton and factory manager Jacob Rosenthal created an iridescent, "poor-man’s Tiffany" called Iridill.

To make the Iridill vases and bowls—some footed, some flat-bottomed—molten glass was pressed into a mold. In some cases the resulting relief sits on the exterior of the vessel, but there are many more examples in which the relief projects from within the object. The line was an immediate hit thanks to the eye-catching surface treatments, as well as the patterns and designs that jumped from the pieces to create rich reliefs. Most of Fenton’s early patterns came from nature. These included Waterlily and Cattails, Butterfly and Berries, Peacock Tail, Wreath of Roses, and Thistle.

When looking at Fenton's antique or vintage carnival glass, it helps to be able to identify the various characteristics and traits. For example, patterns could be stamped onto the outside of a piece (also called the back), the inside (front), or both. The bases of pieces were also varied—some had flat collars while others sported ball or spatula feet.

The edges of carnival glass are another differentiator. Some are smooth with gentle undulations, others are divided into alternating sections of unbroken curves and sharp points to create what is known as a bracket edge. Other pieces feature edges that appear crimped, ruffled, pulled, or resemble the teeth of a saw.

While carnival glass was made for everyday use, many pieces seemed suited to special occasions or the serving of treats. Thus, Fenton made a great number of ruffled candy dishes, high-sided nut bowls, and low nappies.

In the 1920s, Fenton introduced a red carnival color that would prove to be a hit with customers of the day and contemporary Fenton collectors alike. But as the 1930s arrived and the Depression deepened, Fenton dropped its carnival lines in favor of household items such as plates and mixing bowls. Other designs produced during the late 1930s and throughout the 1940s include the ruffled-edge Crest pieces and the twisting Spiral Optics...

It was tough going, and the company almost didn’t make it. What rescued Fenton was a Victorian style of glass called Hobnail, whose uniformly bumpy surface resembled the bottoms of hobnail boots. It had been out of fashion for decades, but Fenton found a new audience for this "retro" glassware. A pattern called Diamond Lace combined the bumpy surface of the Hobnails with the optical qualities of the Spiral Optics. And then Fenton produced a milk glass Hobnail. Sales eclipsed even those tallied during the heyday of Iridill, and the company’s future was once again secure.

By the 1950s, many Fenton bowls were adorned with handles to turn them into baskets. Up until that decade, no Fenton piece had carried its maker’s mark, but now Fenton decided that the work of the handler (the gaffer who takes a band of molten glass and with a few deft moves fashions it into a handle) should be recognized. This helps collectors of vintage Fenton to identify the date and pedigree of pieces from 1953 to the present.

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Recent News: Fenton Glass

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Lynchburg News and Advance, April 13th

Connie enjoyed collecting Fenton glass, gardening, and traveling with Tony on their motorcycle, but Connie found true joy and happiness while spending time with her beloved grandchildren.In addition to her husband, she is survived by a daughter...Read more

Support sought for Coudersport memorial trail
The Wellsboro Gazette, April 9th

visible lessons about the diversity of tree and plant species; forest management; the Allegheny River headwaters; as well as local history (the rise and fall of the railroads; Coudersport's connection to the world-famous Fenton Glass manufacturer...Read more

Fenton Glass battling for survival
Martins Ferry Times Leader, January 17th

Fenton Glass battling for survival. January 26, 2014. By Jackie Runion , Times Leader. Save | Post a comment |. After almost a decade of financial ups and downs that have severely altered the face of Fenton Art Glass, the outlook of the almost 109-year...Read more

Fenton Glass official: 'Very possible' company could close soon
Marietta Times, January 17th

Fenton Glass official: 'Very possible' company could close soon. January 18, 2014. By Jackie Runion (jrunion@mariettatimes.com) , The Marietta Times. Save |. After almost a decade of financial ups and downs that have severely altered the face of Fenton...Read more

Save the Dates: More than 1500 pieces of Fenton art glass to be sold in 2014
Antique Trader, November 14th

WILLIAMStOWN, W. Va. — The Fenton Art Glass Co. and the Fenton Gift Shop have scheduled three auctions during 2014 to sell more than 1,500 items of Fenton glass. Auctions are set for April 26, June 14 and July 26 at auctioneer Randy Clark's Dexter...Read more

Fenton glassworks at Williamstown soon to re-open
State Journal, March 13th

The three-way bidding war for pharmaceutical dominance continued April 24 with Mylan announcing it had made a non-binding proposal to acquire Perrigo. The three-way bidding war for pharmaceutical dominance continued April 24 with Mylan announcing ...Read more

Fenton owner still has plans
Marietta Times, November 21st

WILLIAMSTOWN -There's been some delay, but plans are still in the works for a Delaware-incorporated company to restart full manufacturing at the Fenton Art Glass plant in Williamstown. USGlass Inc., headed by New York-based chief executive Gene Bem, ...Read more

Fenton Glass draws a bead on its future
Charleston Gazette, November 5th

Fewer consumers are collectors like the ones who were longtime buyers of Fenton glass pieces. "Collectibles have decreased in sales. It's partly the economy and partly that people are buying things like electronics instead of collectibles," Fenton said...Read more