When people talk about Italian art glass, they are usually referring to the vases, paperweights, goblets, and decorative objects produced in the city of Venice and the adjacent island of Murano. Indeed, Murano is the heart of Italian glassmaking, the place where, in the late 13th century, glassmakers were banished lest their furnaces catch the rest of Venice on fire.
Even though the middle of the 19th century was a time of much innovation for Venetian and Murano artisans, the periods of interest to most collectors of antique and vintage Italian art glass are the years between the two world wars and the post-war decades of the 1950s and 1960s.
Ercole Barovier was perhaps the most influential figure of the 1920s and 1930s. His family’s glassmaking roots went all the way back to the Renaissance, and his family’s first company, Artisti Barovier, was established in 1878. In 1920, the firm changed its name to Vetreria Artistica Barovier & Co., which lasted until its merger with Ferro Toso in 1936.
Before Ercole Barovier took over the firm’s designs, his family’s company hired some of the best glass masters in Murano, including future Venini legend Vittorio Zecchini. For Barovier, Zecchini created murrine mosaic paintings on the sides of vases. Other examples combine several techniques—for example, a murrine goblet depicting flowers against a blue-sky background might have a very traditional, decorative Venetian knob between the goblet’s bowl and foot.
For its part, Ferro Toso was known in the 1920s and early 1930s for vases that combined classic Venetian forms with bold coloration. Toso’s Primavera series from this period is particularly prized, as are the pieces that were made using a new technique developed by Toso for coloring hot glass.
The post-war years were unquestionably Murano’s most glorious period. In the 1940s, Barovier & Toso produced thick, clear pieces with textured surfaces called Lenti, as well as the exceptional and highly colorful vases in the now-rare Oriente series. In the 1950s, Barovier & Toso would introduce flat-side cylindrical vases in basketweave cane patterns or checkerboard designs.
Seguso Vetri d’Arte was another firm that made strides in the 1930s but really came into its own after the war. Some of its thick, organic-shaped vases were three-sided, others w...
Of the post-war Murano glass factories, Venini is perhaps the most highly regarded, and certainly the best known. In addition to boasting the talents of Paolo Venini himself, who perfected the sommerso technique in the 1930s and used the traditional technique of inciso to create vases that appeared to glow from within, the company attracted architects and artists such as Carlo Scarpa, Fulvia Bianconi, and Gio Ponti to Murano.
Scarpa was considered the Frank Lloyd Wright of glass, which is to say that he injected modernism into the look of this traditional medium. After Scarpa left Venini in the 1940s to devote himself to architecture, his son, Tobia, joined the firm. Bianconi took his background as an illustrator and applied it to glass, using the emphatic forms produced by Venini’s glassblowers as armatures for his witty explorations of color—patchworks, horizontal stripes, and polka dots were particular favorites.
Ponti was an architect by training but Venini brought out the painter in him. For Venini, he designed flared vases constructed of nothing but multi-colored lengths of cane, or bottles wrapped in frilly spirals to suggest the lines of a skirt. Even his most ostensibly conservative pieces contained colorful twists, such as a bulbous-bottomed bottle whose body is perfectly bisected by a shift from red to green.
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Recent News: Murano and Italian Art Glass
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Pandora supports armed forces charity with charmProfessional Jeweller, October 30th
The Wildflower Tribute sterling silver charm with white Murano glass has been designed to raise awareness of The Soldiers' Charity and the work it does to help serving and retired members of the armed forces. This year, Pandora has pledged £50,000 to...Read more
Right at Home: artistry and artifice in new tilesmySanAntonio.com, October 28th
This photo provided by Sicis, an Italian company known for its mastery of the mosaic tile, shows the Cosmati collection of marble and Murano glass tiles. The interplay of light between the rich dark finishes and the iridescent glass colors is appealing...Read more
30 Best Meals 2014: Jersey's top romantic restaurantsNJ.com, October 28th
It's a tough point to argue in this plush, velvety jewelry box of a space, with its opulent rainbow-colored tear-drop chandeliers made of hand-blown Murano glass and its old-fashioned sweep-up-the-crumbs table service. Plus, there's foie gras and...Read more
Bryn Mawr Empty Nesters Create Expansive Cooking SpaceMainline Today, October 27th
A spectacular Murano glass chandelier, discovered during a trip to Venice, hangs over the dining table. The kitchen is outfitted with two large islands to accommodate multiple cooks. One workspace contains a bar sink and wine storage; the other has...Read more
Fairfax County CalendarVirginia Connection Newspapers, October 24th
Beautiful glass mosaics are inspired by the tapestries of Gurut and Rajasthani India, and created with Italian glass, Czech and Austrian crystals, 24k gold and more. www.AnitaDamron.com. New Solo Shows. Monday - Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. Reston Corners ...Read more
Jean-Michel OthonielArtforum, October 20th
The material is also very appropriate for the setting because there is an important history of Murano glass at Versailles. The splendid mirrors in the Galerie des Glaces were made by craftsmen from Murano, the Venetian island known for its glassblowing ...Read more
Murano, Italy, Still Sparkling After 700 YearsNew York Times, October 17th
Despite the fact that vintage Murano glass is avidly sought by museum curators and interior designers around the world, there is a prevailing sense that contemporary Murano has lost some of its mystique; a trip to the island is usually the purview of...Read more
Artist Simon Ma Is A Horse Girl's Best FriendHuffington Post, October 16th
On display until October 19 at the Frost Art Museum in Miami, Ma's latest exhibit, "Heart Water Ink," comprises 70 works of varying media -- from Murano glass to ink calligraphy -- all focused on the horse. At this year's Venice Biennale, he plans to...Read more