Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

R S Prussia Hand Painted Antique Plate Signed 8 1/2 "Antique Rs Prussia Chocolate Pot & 3 Cups ~ Surreal Dogwood ~ Mold 704Marked R S Prussia Cracker Jar / Biscuit Jar - Beautiful R. S. Prussia Cracker Jar, Biscuit Jar, Rsp Mold 655, Wreath & Star MarkGorgeous, Old 12" X 7.5" Rs Prussia PlatterMarked R S Prussia 9" Mold 302 Plate - Gold & Vivid ColorsRs Prussia Chocolate PitcherAntique Rs Prussia Child’s Miniature Toy Porcelain Tea Set- Pansy Transfer YqzMarked R S Prussia Cracker Jar / Biscuit Jar - Beautiful R S Prussia Mold 23 Stippled Floral Plate - Gold Marked R S Prussia 8 3/4" Mold 94 Vivid Colors & Gold Marked R S Prussia 9" Mold 302 Plate - Gold & Vivid ColorsR S Prussia Demitasse Tea Coffee Chocolate Set Hand Painted Roses Gold Trim NrRs Prussia Teapot, Fruit And RosesRare Rs Prussia Covered Sugar Dish, Decorated With Turkeys Vintage Rs Prussia Red & Gold Mark Roses Footed Hat Pin HolderRare Rs Prussia Chocolate Or Coffee Pot, Decorated With SwansRare Rs Prussia Footed Ferner With Bisque Insert Red Mark Poppies Antique Rs Prussia Open Handle "lily" Mold 29 Cake Plate Pink & Creamy RosesFabulous Rs Prussia Poppies Porcelain Vanity Tray W Colognes & ExtrasVintage Rs Prussia Porcelain Hat Pin Holder&pin Tray With Lot Of HatpinsPrussia , Art Nouveau , Gibson Girl Evelyn Plate !!!!!!!!Antique R S Prussia Footed Shaving Mug Quiet Cove Old Man In The Mountain SceneOutstanding Fancy Embossed Rs Prussia Teapot Pitcher 7 1/4"Rare R S Prussia VaseRs Prussia Unmarked Plate .Rs Prussia Bowl, Rose Pattern 9" X 4"8 Rs Prussia German Porcelain Dessert Bowls Underplates Plates Superb Rs Prussia Planter (deep Bowl)Signed Rs Prussia - Handled Flower Decorated - Handled Water PitcherUnmarked Rs Prussia Flow Blue Serving Bowl-gold Lilly Of The Valley Flowers 61 Vintage R S Prussia Green Suhl. Mark Flower Design Tea PotRs Prussia Sugar & Creamer SetSteeple Mk. Germany. Attached Handle Dish, Blue Edge Flowers, Tulips, 6.25" W Stunning Antique Rs Prussia Floral Rare Mold Bowl Hand Painted 10 3/8Rs Prussia Art Nouveau Lilly Pattern BowlReduced! Beautiful Handpainted Porcelain Chocolate Cup & Saucer, Rs PrussiaRs Tillowitz Bowl Handpainted Antique Rs Prussia Mold 510 Pink Cabbage Rose Creamer UnmarkedPrussia Style Unmarked Covered Sugar Bowl And CreamerVintage Porcelain Portrait Cup Tumbler Vase Prussian Royalty? Prussia TransferR S Prussia / Bavarian Scenic Plate 4 Swans On A Lake With Lilly PadsVintage Antique Stunning Libertas Eagle Prussia Serving Bowl China/porcelainWonderful Rs Prussia TeapotRs Prussia Chocolate Pot Coffee Server Unmarked Pink Roses Antique Mint L@@kErdmann Schlegelmilch Suhl Prussia Handpainted Porcelain Plate Heavy Gold AccentRs Germany Unmarked Porcelain 11-1/2" Cake Plate Surreal Florals EucAntique Unmarked Rs Prussia Beautiful Hand Painted 10-1/2" BowlAntique Prussia Portrait Cabinet Plate Madame Lebrun & Daughter LeuchtenburgR.s.prussia Dish - Lily Berry - #516 - Good ConditionAntique Lot Of 3 Victorian Footed Rs Prussia Creamers Victorian PourersAntique R.s. Germany Porcelain Vanity Round Plate- GorgeousBig Antique Prussia Over10 Inch Center Piece Bowl. Unsigned Rs Prussia?