Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

R S Prussia Vase Parrots Antique Porcelain R S Prussia "spring" Portrait PlateScarce Rs Prussia Ship Boat Scene Two Handled TrayScarce Large Rs Prussia Castle Scene Bowl - Beautiful Sunset ColorsLovely Victorian Rs Schlegemilch Porcelain Chocolate Pot W/ Raised RosesR.s. Prussia Porcelain Creamer & Sugar Bowl UnmarkedAntique Porcelain Painted Portrait Plaque~queen Duchess Louise Of Prussia~signedAntique R S Prussia Hand Painted Small Tea Pot - As - IsAntique Rs Prussia Porcelain Teapot Set Floral With Very Ornate HandlesRs Prussia Demitasse Chocolate Coffee Set 6 Cups 2 Saucers Pot & Sugar Bowl LidsRs Prussia - 10 Inch Cake Plate - FloralR.s Prussia 1895 Beautiful Green Embossed Porcelain Tray 7 1/2 X 11 1/2Antique Hand Painted Double Handle Green Scrolled Bowl Stunning Pink RosesAntique Rs Prussia Quad Footed Toothpick Very Scarce W Lotus Blossom DecorationRs Prussia, Antique Porcelain Bowl, Water Lily Lotus Motif, Scalloped Edge Beautiful Antique Rs Prussia Porcelain Footed Bowl With Floral DesignSet Of 6 Rs Prussia Porcelain Gilded Flower Fruit Bowls Dessert Bowls No ReserveR S Prussia Biscuit JarVintage Royal Rudolstadt Prussia Set Of 2 Porcelain Custard/berry Bowls & PlatesS And T Rs Germany Serving BowlAntique R.s. Prussia Egg Shell Thin Demitasse Cup & Saucer Set Of (6) ExtrasVintage Silesia Chocolate PotPrussia Old Plate R S Prussia Sugar BowlR. S. Prussia Vintage 9-1/2" TrayLot 4 Items Prussia Limoges France Rs Germany Cups Saucers Peach Or Pink FloralBeautiful Antique Rs Prussia 11" Bowl Ca 1900-1920 Reinhold Schlegelmich Antique Royal Vienna China Queen Louise Of Prussia Portrait Plate Plaque Rs Prussia Bowl Pink & White With Flower Bouquet CenterAntique C.1904 R.s. Prussia Germany Hp Gilded Art Nouveau Deco Chocolate Pot Nr!Fabulous Rs Prussia Bell - Pink Rose Decoration - With Ringer -Vintage / Antique Rs Germany Blue Mark Green Floral Chocolate Cup W Gold TrimPrussia Royal Rudolstadt Butter Dish Rectangle Covered Green/gold Flowers Vtg.Antique Rs Germany Iridescent Ivory Dish Ceramic Clover Shape Gold Rim & HandlesR S Germany Porcelain 5.5 Handled Vase Hp FlowersRare Es Germany (erdmann Schlegelmilch) Mustard Pot With Orig. Spoon - SignedPrussia 7 3/4" Plate Pink Roses & Gold Trim Unknown MarkR.s. Prussia, Mustard Pot-- Rose Decor-- Very Good Condition-- No Spoon-- Nice!Vintage Friar Monk With Wine Goblet Dish Tray Rs Germany, 4 Berry Bowls, Small Roses Pattern W/ Gold, Scalloped W/raised DotsBavarian China Dinner Plate - Edelstein Maria Theresia - Florence Rose - GermanyBavarian China Flat Soup Bowl Edelstein Maria Theresia - Florence Rose - GermanyRoyal Rudolstadt Prussia Porcelain Hand Painted Carnations Signed 8-3/8" Plate Bavarian China Cup & Saucer - Edelstein Maria Theresia - Florence Rose - GermanyBavarian China Salad Plate - Edelstein Maria Theresia - Florence Rose - GermanyBavarian China Bread Plate - Edelstein Maria Theresia - Florence Rose - GermanyBavarian China Berry Bowl - Edelstein Maria Theresia - Florence Rose - GermanyFine Bohemian China Flat Soup Bowl "baronet" - F & B Co. - Pink And Yellow Roses