Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Rs Prussia Jeweled Cobalt Blue German Porcelain Vase Red Star Mark AntiqueMarked Rs Prussia Portrait Bowl Iris Mold, No Reserve Rs Prussia 14.5" Tall Pitcher, Beautiful, Antique With Red Star Rs Prussia MarkRs Prussia Iris Variation Shallow Bowl Mold 26 Antique Rs Prussia Red Wreath Mark Pink Flower Mold Large Porcelain BowlRs Prussia Dice Throwers Plate - 8 1/2 Inch Plate W/ 3 Boys Gambling W/ A Dog!!!Rs Prussia~unmarked~creamer & Covered Sugar Dish Vintage Rs Prussia Sugar Bowl W/ FlowersRs Prussia 11.5" Tall Floral Pitcher Antique Red Star Rs Prussia Mark, Nice Rs Prussia 4" Tall Two Handled Vase, Unmarked, Great Decoration And Mold Nice Rs Prussia, Red Mark, Handled Toothpick Holder, Great Decoration And Mold Nice Rs Prussia, Red Mark, 8 3/4" Diameter Plate, Nice Floral Mold And DecoratonAntique Rs Prussia Lily Mold Plate Floral Decorated (:)))Wheelock Rs Prussia Stunning Sugar Bowl Ducks Birds Blossoms Marked ExcellentNice Rs Prussia, Red Mark, 8 3/4" Diameter Plate, Nice Mold And DecoratonRs Prussia 10" Footed Pitcher W/lid, Beautiful Antique Red Star Rs Prussia MarkVintage Marked Rs Prussia Mini Tea Pot Nice ConditionRs Prussia Large 13" Water PitcherGreat Unmarked Rs Prussia 10 3/4" Diameter Blue Bowl, Nice Mold And Lovely RosesHand Painted Rs Prussia Style Dresden Antique Fancy Roses Sugar Bowl Early 1900sAntique Rs Prussia Chrysanthemums Porcelain Pedestal Sugar Bowl Lace HandlesRs Prussia Plate Sheep Herder SceneRs Prussia Related Royal Wettina Bulbous Vase Pair Melon Eaters & Dice ThrowersRs Prussia China 8.75 Inch Plate Cobalt W Floral Design Enameling Scroll Border Wonderful Rs Prussia Covered Sugar, Red Mark, Great Decoration Elegant Antique Rs Prussia Porcelain Tea Pot Set Creamer Sugar Bowl Ca.1900 Rosenthal,rs Prussia & Limoges Porcelain Dresser Set,violets,1900-32Nice Rs Prussia, Red Mark, 3 5/8" Tall Creamer, Great Decoration And Mold 4- Rs Prussia Dogwood Salad Plates, Red Mark, 1880-1917 LotDelightful Antique Rs Prussia Floral Decorated Porcelain Centerpiece Bowl...13"!Rm Rs Prussia Cakeplate, Gold,gold,gold!!! Killer!!!Nice Rs Prussia Creamer & Sugar Set, Red Mark Great Angular Handles & DecorationAntique Rs Prussia Flowered Hat Pin Holder With The Old Red Mark Circa 1905-1910Nice Rs Prussia Covered Sugar, Red Mark, Great Decoration Gorgeous Rs Prussia Pedestaled Creamer, Red Mark, Great Rose Decoration Rs Prussia 9 1/2" Diameter 2 Handled Cake Plate, Red Mark, Great DecorationRs Prussia Molded Flowers Berry BowlBeautiful Unsigned Rs Prussia Hand Painted & Transfer Flowers Shell Form Bowl 7"Rs Germany Reinhold Schlegelmilch Tillowitz Antique / Vintage Snap Dragons PlateVintage Marked Rs Prussia Footed Cup & Saucer Set Nice ConditionPrussia Vintage 2-handled Cake Plate- Holly & Berry With BlossomsAntique Royal Rudolstadt Prussia Hand Painted Porcelain Pansy Plate 1905-1932Rs Prussia Porcelain 7 Piece Chocolate Pot And 6 CupsRs Prussia Chocolate Pot Red Wreath Mark No LidNice Rs Prussia, Red Mark, Footed Salt Or Nut Dish, Great Decoration And Mold Antique Es Erdmann Schlegelmilch Reticulated Gold Bowl 1811 Prussia Dish AngelRs Prussia ? Sugar Bowl - Swan Decal - As IsE. S. Prussia Serving Bowl, Pink Roses, Gold Embossed TrimR.s. Prussia Tray With Handles - Antique Red Mark-white Poppies2 Beautiful Flow Blue 9 1/4" Plates Prussia By Libertas C-1889Blue Iris Flowers Display Plate Gold Trim Rs Germany, Tillowitz? 7" Diameter5" R S Prussia Porcelain Floral Berry BowlR.s. Prussia Bowl 5" Round Marked With Crest And German On BottomWheelock Prussia Decorative Plate Purple Lavendar Flowers