Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Antique Rs Prussia Tea Set Teapot Sugar Bowl Creamer Floral Rose Mold 517 CrownBeautiful Vintage Rs Prussia Porcelain Dish ~ Floral ~ GoldAntique Rs Prussia Demitasse Coffee Pot 6 Cup Saucer Set Floral Rose Mold 632 NrBeautiful Vintage Rs Prussia Porcelain Bowl ~ Floral ~ GoldAntique Rs Prussia Cracker Jar Floral Rose Mold 517 Reinhold Schlegelmilch CrownR. S. Prussia Cracker Jar, Biscuit Jar, Rsp Mold 655, Wreath & Star MarkS & T Rs Germany Portrait Bowl 10-1/2" Antique Rs Prussia Child’s Miniature Toy Porcelain Tea Set- Pansy Transfer YqzMarked R S Prussia 9" Mold 302 Plate - Gold & Vivid ColorsMarked R S Prussia Cracker Jar / Biscuit Jar - Beautiful 5f4c3w Gorgeous Antique Rs Prussia Porcelain PitcherMarked R S Prussia Cracker Jar / Biscuit Jar - Beautiful Rs Prussia China Ftd Cream Pitcher Sugar Bowl Cranberry Pink Steeple Mold 12Rs Prussia Chocolate PitcherRoyal Vienna Made In Germany Large Pitcher, Matching Creamer & Sugar Extra NiceR S Prussia Mold 23 Stippled Floral Plate - Gold Rs Prussia Teapot, Fruit And RosesR. S. Prussia BowlMarked R S Prussia 8 3/4" Mold 94 Vivid Colors & Gold Signed Rs Prussia Dresser Jar / Hair ReceiverRs Prussia Beautiful Unmarked Demi Tasse / Tea PotAntique Rs Prussia Chocolate Pot & 3 Cups ~ Surreal Dogwood ~ Mold 704Marked R S Prussia 9" Mold 302 Plate - Gold & Vivid ColorsVintage Made In Germany Porcelain Hd Ptd Blackberries Cider Pitcher & TumblersRs Prussia Red Mark Tray Dish Waterlilies 12" X 7.25" Excellent Cond Free ShipAntique Rs Prussia Open Handle "lily" Mold 29 Cake Plate Pink & Creamy RosesFabulous Rs Prussia Poppies Porcelain Vanity Tray W Colognes & ExtrasR S Prussia Demitasse Tea Coffee Chocolate Set Hand Painted Roses Gold Trim NrRs Prussia Unmarked Plate .Antique Rs Prussia Floral Rose Nut Berry Footed Bowls Lot Set Red Star MarkUnmarked Rs Prussia Flow Blue Serving Bowl-gold Lilly Of The Valley Flowers 61 Antique Royal Vienna Portrait Cabinet Plate Queen Louise PrussiaRs Prussia Bowl, Rose Pattern 9" X 4" Old Ivory 13 " Platter Ohme Silesia -prussia Style Antique Fine China Serving Bowl (rs Germany)Antique Unmarked Rs Prussia Dish .Reduced! Beautiful Handpainted Porcelain Chocolate Cup & Saucer, Rs PrussiaRs Prussia Sugar & Creamer SetSigned Rs Prussia - Handled Flower Decorated - Handled Water PitcherNymphenburg Rare Hand Painted Floral China Bowl Dish Antique Green Mark6pc Hand Painted Rs Prussia Celery Bowl Set Gold Gilt Green Flowers Art NouveauRs Tillowitz Bowl HandpaintedAntique Royal Rudolstadt Prussia Floral Juicer Reamer Pitcher PotRs Prussia Small Bowl Lilac Pattern Good ConditionR S Prussia Mustache Cup & Saucer Antique Shabby Chic Gold TrimR & S Reproduction Hot Chocolate Pot With 4 Cups NrR S Prussia / Bavarian Scenic Plate 4 Swans On A Lake With Lilly PadsVtg Leaf Shaped Prussia Porcelain Bon Bon Dish With Purple Flowers,gold TrimAntique Prussia Pink Roses Handles Bon Bon/serving PlateVintage Porcelain Portrait Cup Tumbler Vase Prussian Royalty? Prussia TransferAntique Unmarked Rs Prussia Beautiful Hand Painted 10-1/2" BowlAntique Prussia Royal Rudolstadt Pink Yellow Roses Wavy Porcelain Bowl Jar Rs Silesia Tillowitz Plate Decorative Green Tonal White Lilly Blooms - Marked