Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Antique Rs Prussia Red Mark Chocolate PotR S Prussia Gorgeous Serving Dish - Tiffany Finish And Vivid Colors R Magnificent R S Prussia Carnation Mold Biscuit Jar - Roses - SignedRs Prussia Fleur De Lys Mold 609 Gold Decorated Teapot W/red & White RosesRs Prussia Iris Chocolate Set Red MarkRs Prussia Water Lilies Tea PotR S Prussia Vintage Floral And Fruit Berry Bowl Set Vintage Rs Prussia Portrait ToothpickRare Rs Prussia Stag Bowl Rs Prussia Mold 529 Tiffany Peacock Satin Finish Cracker Jar W/rosesVintage Antique 4pc Set R S Prussia Creamer Sugar Pitcher Rose Signed D KentAntique Rs Prussia 11 1/2" Tall Hand Painted Roses Porcelain Chocolate Pot As-isUnmarked R S Prussia Jewelled " Dice Throwers Melon Eater " 9 1/2 In. Vase Rare R S Prussia Vintage Floral Buscuit Jar Or Covered DishFabulous R S Prussia Fleur-de-lis Satin Finish Cake Plate - Gold & Roses!!Unsigned Rs Prussia Rose Decorated Cabinet PlateRs Prussia Carnation Mold Tea Set. Peach Satin Antique R S Prussia Roses Decorated Open Handled Cake PlateRoyal Rudolstadt Rs Es Prussia Rose O'neill Wilson Kewpie Doll Cup Mug GermanyRs Prussia Heart Shaped Pink Flower Bowl Antique Porcelain Rs Prussia Hand-painted "roses" Tray - Pierced HandlesBeautiful Rs Prussia Porcelain Sugar & Creamer ~ Roses ~ Embossed ~ GoldRoyal Rudolstadt Plate Handpainted Prussia Roses With Gold TrimAntique Porcelain Moustache Mustache Cup Rs PrussiaVtg Prussia? "bridal Rose" Sugar Jar Lid White Roses Flower Porcelain Gold VgcAntique Hand Painted Schwarzburg China Roses Decorated Open Handled Cake PlateAntique Rs Prussia Tea Set ~ Floral ~ Beautiful!Vintage Royal Rudolstadt Prussia Hand Painted Cover Dish Gold Trim Amazing Antique Floral Rs Prussia Bowl Tray Shiny Glaze Lilies ~ Unique Shape ~ 10.5"Rs Germany Floral Peony Bowl Art Nouveau BorderRs Prussia White Lily Flower Footed Bowl Silesia Tillowitz Germany 7" LargeAntique Gorgeous Prussia Royal Rudolstadt Hand Painted Plate, Pink Roses GreenR.s.prussia Popular Lines Id. & Value Guide Book Excellent ConditionAntique Hand Painted Pink Purple Roses Four Footed Creamer Antique Royal Rudolstadt Prussia Tray W/ Hp Roses And Pierced Handles - Beauty!R.s. Prussia Cup And SaucerBeautiful Antique Rs Prussia Floral Decorative PlateBeautiful Antique Rs Prussia Germany Cake Plate, C. 1912 - Pink RosesEarly R S Germany/prussia Demi-tasse Cup And Saucer #2Vintage Reproduction "rs" Porcelain Dresser Vanity Bowl Or Inkwell ContainerRoyal Rudolstadt Small Condiment Dishes Set Of 4Antique Hat Pin Holder - Pre 1917 R S Prussia With Red Mark. Chipped.