Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

7 Antique Rs Prussia Bowl Blown Mold Roses Gold Gilt Centerpiece Berry Bowl Set!Rs Prussia Large PitcherAntique Rs Prussia Germany Porcelain Pink Roses Gold Gilt Cracker Biscuit Jar!Antique Rs Prussia Pair Of Mini Cup & Saucer Raised Floral Design Cute PairVintage Rs Prussia Decorated Mustard Condiment Jar Real MarkRs Prussia Porcelain Pin Trays - Pastoral Scenes - Tillowitz SelesiaRs Prussia 7.5" Footed Pitcher Feather Mold Lustre Glaze And Gold Beaded PoppiesFabulous Rs Prussia 3 Handled Basket - Rose Deco -great Gold & Mold - Red MarkPretty Rs Prussia Hatpin Holder/powder Shaker With Gold Trim- Violet DecorationRs Prussia Floral BowlRs Prussia Mold 37 Freeform Cobalt Daffodil Raised Gold Gilt Accents 10.5" BowlExquisite Vintage R.s. Prussia Reproduction Large Jewelry / Casket BoxRs Prussia Cobalt Rimmed 12" Charger W/ Lug Handles & Chrysanthemum FlowersVintage R S Prussia Porcelain Floral Colorful Sugar And Creamer With LidThree Piece Set Teapot, Sugar Bowl & Cup And Saucer R S Prussia Red MarkAntique Rs Prussia Berry Nut Bowl Dish Floral Flowers Pink W/ Yellow Roses GoldCrown Eschenbach Bavaria-germany Moss Rose Teaset Diminutive Size - Great RosesAntique A Rudolstadt Prussia B Crown Mark Violets Gold Trimmed Edge 9 1/2" PlateBeautiful Antique Rs Prussia White Roses Chocolate Pot Set Royal Rudolstadt MarkR S Germany Antique Raised Leaf Motif 7 1/2" PlateRoyal Rudolstadt Butter DishRs Prussia Wheelock Marked Footed Sugar Bowl Pink Glaze White Peony Cabbage RoseAntique R S Prussia Decorative Plate Old Mold, Flowers & Gold 6 1/8" Red MarkAntique Porcelain Flower Cake Plate Peach Pink Rs Germany Reinhold SchlegelmilchRs Germany 2-tier Porcelain Plate Cheese Sandwich Tray Pink Roses; Gold Trim Rs Prussia Rose 8-1/4" Plate Reinhold Schlegelmilch Tillowitz GermanyBavarian China Cup & Saucer Set - Heinrich & Co Selb Germany - Frijsenborg RoseBavarian China Berry Sauce Bowl - Heinrich & Co Selb Germany - Frijsenborg RoseBavarian China Flat Soup Bowl - Heinrich & Co - Selb Germany - Frijsenborg RoseRosenthal - Fine Bavarian Bone China Bread Plate - Pure White With Ribbed BorderRosenthal - Fine Bavarian Bone China Salad Plate - Pure White With Ribbed BorderRosenthal - Fine Bavarian Bone China Cup & Saucer - Pure White - Ribbed BorderRosenthal - Fine Bavarian Bone China Dinner Plate Pure White With Ribbed Border