Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Rs Prussia Portrait Coffee Or Chocolate PotRs Prussia Portrait Lidded Sugar BowlAntique Rs Prussia Porcelain Table Vase Turkey Bird 9.25" Tall Vintage 1910s OldAntique Rs Prussia 12 Pc Pink Flowers Gold Highlights Footed Chocolate SetAntique Rs Prussia Germany Floral Hand Painted Porcelain Gold Gilt Bowl 11.5"Unmarked Rs Prussia China - Hand Painted Flower Decorated Childs Teaset - 9 PcsS&t Rs Germany Floral Decorated PlateRs Prussia BowlRs Prussia Spring Season VaseAntique Rare Early 1870-1880 Rs Prussia Hand Painted Lidded Biscuit/cracker JarAntique Rs Prussia Pheasant & Peacock Handled & Covered Cracker JarBeautiful Rs Prussia Water Lilies Mold Celery / Relish Dish No Reserve.Antique Rs Prussia Royal Vienna Style Porcelain Portrait Vase Artist SignedPink Floral Chocolate Set - Green R.s. Germany Wreath & Star MarkGorgeous C. 1900 Rs Prussia Portrait Covered BowlFantastic R S Prussia Sugar & Creamer Set - Pedestal Mold - Water Lily- Red MarkAntique Rs Prussia Germany 11" Cobalt Blue And Roses Gold Handled Cake PlateR S Prussia Miniature Vase Castle Scene With Figure Wheel Red Mark With WreathReinhold Schleglemilch Rs Germany Hand Painted & Signed Vanity Hat Pin & BottleGorgeous Floral Decorated R S Prussia Toothpick Holder - Excellent - SignedFantastic R S Prussia 2 Hndld Molded Rose Deco Toothpick Holder - Mold 644- RmRs Prussia Um Hidden Image Maden Floral Spray Open Handle Mold 4 Dessert TrayAntique Victorian Rs Prussia Red Mark Floral Petal Footed Syrup Pitcher10 1/4" Unmarked Rs Prussia Style Bowl Mixed Flowers & Gold Beaded RimRs Prussia 13 3/4" Handled Oval Celery Serving Bowl Dish Reflecting Water LiliesEarly Rs Prussia (9" Across Top) Berry Bowl-gorgeous Color-great ConditionAntique Rs Prussia ?? Unmarked Sugar And Creamer Set Beautiful Colors!Rs Prussia Sugar Bowl Beautiful Rs Prussia Bun Tray Tiffany Finish HighlightsSigned Rs Prussia Lug-handled Platter Swans On Lake Pattern Tiffany FinishAntique Rs Prussia Tiffany Finish 10-5/8" Bowl Within A Bowl Style Pink Roses Esquisite R S Germany Three Handled Rose Decorated Toothpick Holder - SignedBeautiful Rs Prussia Chocolate Pot Roses No Reserve.Beautiful Rs Prussia Floral Cake Platter No Reserve.Beautiful Rs Prussia Water Lilies Mold Large Bowl No Reserve.Gorgeous R S Germany 3 Handled Toothpick Holder - Floral Motif - ExcellentBeautiful R S Prussia Toothpick Holder - Mold 150a - Colorful Floral Decoration6 Dessert Plates 7" Hand Painted Royal Altona PrussiaAntique Rs Prussia Serving Bowl Floral Pink Roses Gold Trim Estate SalePrussia Royal Rudolstadt Pink Roses Saucer Plate Antique Gold Edge SignedBeautiful R S Prussia Toothpick Holder - Great Mold - Colorful FloralAntique Rs Prussia Porcelain Small Bowl Beautiful Teal - -hallmark Red/ StarSuper R S Germany 3 Handled Lustre W/gold Toothpick HolderIncredible R S Prussia Two Handled Relish - Floral - SignedPrussia Royal Rudolstadt Crown B Tray Plate Butter DishCollectible Rs Germany 8" Plate - SignedAntique Hand Painted R S Prussia Sugar Shaker Gold Gilt Floral Design BeautifulRs Germany Green & White Floral Plate W/ Plate Hanger Cheap Vintage