Founded by Reinhold Schlegelmilch in what is now Suhl, Germany, R.S. Prussia produced ornate and floral porcelain objects for export beginning in the late 1800s. While many different marks were used on R. S. Prussia pieces through World War I, two of the most recognized from this period were the green wreath mark with "R.S. Prussia" in red letters and the Steeple mark, so-called because of its steeple outline.

Between the wars, the company manufactured pieces in a factory in Tillowitz, Germany, so the marks from this era reflected that change. After World War II, porcelain bearing the word "Poland" signified yet another change in venue for the R.S. Prussia factory.

R. S. Prussia objects included teapots and coffee pots, cups and saucers, sugar bowls, plates, creamers, and chocolate sets. Some pieces featured imitation opals, gold embellishments, or iridescent finishes. Most were decorated with paintings of flowers or formal portraits, which were applied to the porcelain clay body via lithographic transfers. Sometimes stenciling techniques were used to add even more decoration to the lush and rich surfaces.

Influenced by Art Nouveau, many of Schlegelmilch’s vases and pitchers had arms and handles that recalled the borders on posters by Alphonse Mucha, or Hector Guimard’s wrought-iron entrances to the Paris Metro.

The imagery on R.S. Prussia pieces tended to focus on classical and scenic themes. Due to their rarity, vases and other objects with animals or portraits on them are generally more sought after than those featuring floral décor. Less typical were R.S. Prussia objects that had been given the flow-blue treatment.

In terms of the shapes of R.S. Prussia, many of the basic pieces were simple and uncontroversial. Plates featured round or scalloped edges, while the gold-trimmed cups and saucers stayed close to traditional tea-service designs of the day. But R.S. Prussia excelled when it went vertical. Its fluted tankards with sculptural handles are quite prized—the best examples have cottage scenes on pink, green, and orange "glow" backgrounds. The tall chocolate pots, with their slender necks and bulbous bottoms, are also collectible.

But the most sought-after examples of antique R.S. Prussia are the portrait vases. Some featured oblong cobalt bodies with portraits set within a heraldic frame of gold. The handles of these pieces frequently extended to their bases. Other portrait vases resembled urns, with swan-head handles and scenes that wrapped around the entire piece in a wide, bold band.


Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

The Bowes Museum: Ceramics

This gallery showcases highlights from the 5,000 items in the museum's ceramics collection dating from 1500-1900. I… [read review or visit site]

Ceramics at The V&A

Ceramics at The V&A

A great reference on ceramics from the Victoria and Albert Museum. Learn about different ceramics techniques and st… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Lovely Antique Rs Prussia Tea / Chocolate Pot W/ Cups & SaucersGorgeous R S Prussia (unsigned) 10" Decorative Bowl / Cake Plate RosesBeautiful Gilded Floral Rs Prussia Chocolate Pot With Lid~excellent ConditionRare R.s. Prussia Chocolate Pot Set "peace Bringing Plenty" "the Cage" Scene R S Prussia Swallows With Cottage Scene Chocolate PotBeautiful Old Rs Prussia 8" Portrait Vase With Satin Finish Red HallmarksBeautiful Rare Scene R.s. Prussia Tea Set "peace Bringing Plenty" "the Cage" Elegant R S Prussia Steeple Mold Pedestal Creamer & Sugar-floral-gold BeadingRs Prussia DishRs Prussia Wheelock Ornate Serving Plate - Sugar - CreamerR S Prussia Portrait Bowl Lily Mold Peacock Design LebrunFornasetti Art Plate Apple And Snake Adam And Eve #159Antique Wheelock Prussia Teapot/sugar7 Favorite Bavaria Artist Signed Schulz Handpainted Porcelain Plates W Roses MewVintage R S Prussia Ice Cream Dish W/boys Eating NrAntique Open Chocolate Or Tea Pot W/out Lid Rs Prussia Hand Painted PorcelainRs Prussia Floral Chocolate PotGerman Porcelain Rs Prussia Mold #82 Bread Bowl Pink White Yellow Roses Vintage Red Letter Prussia Cream & Sugar SetVintage Antique R S Prussia Gold Porcelain Floral White Coffee Tea Pot GermanyMarked R S Prussia Mold 526 "carnation" Chocolate Pot Important Rare Large Antique R S Prussia Porcelain Art Nouveau Bowl 1895R.s.prussia China Creamer & SugarAntique Rs Prussia Bowl Beaded W/ Heavy GoldGorgeous Rs Prussia Porcelain Fine China Footed Ferner Bowl Gold Gilted Trim Vintage Rs Prussia Floral Flower Pot Vase Fruit BowlRs Prussia Ornate Floral Bowl With Gold Accents - 10 1/2" DiameterGorgeous Antique Rs Prussia Bowl W/ Water LiliesAntique Rs Prussia Schlegelmilch Porcelain Hand Painted Lidded Sugar Bowl Lovely R S Prussia 2 Hndld Toothpick Holder W/fruit Decor-signedVintage Marked Rs Prussia Beautiful Porcelin Floral Shallow Bowl Or PlateAntique Raised Pattern Oblong Blue Leaf Bowl Hand Decorated ChrysanthemumsR.s. Prussia Tea Cup & Saucer Red & Green Stamp Square Base Pink Gold Flowers Beautiful R.s.prussia Cabinet Vase Decorated With Three Swans - No Reserve!Rs Prussia Antique Flowers Creamer And Covered Sugar Bowl Unusual FootAntique / Vintage Rs Prussia Red Mark 8 1/2" Plate Lustre Floral MotifStuuning Rs Prussia Germany Porcelain Hand Painted Pink Rose Large BowlAntique Rs Prussia Porcelain Open Handled Celery Dish Trees PeacockAntique Prussia Porcelain Tea Pot R.hanke Bohemia Austria Vase, Royal Wettina, Grapes, 1900-45R.s. Prussia Red Star Reflecting Water Lilies Icicle Mold Vegetable BowlRs Prussia Dish/ Bowl Pink Floral Flowers With Blue,yellow Flowers Trim The EdgeR.s. Prussia Red Mark 12" Tray Satin Finish Pierced HandleAntique Rs Prussia Floral Center Scallop Edge14" Porcelain Relish Dish. StunningR S Prussia Hatpin Holder With Attached Trinket TrayJust Listed Antique Royal Rudolstadt Prussia Gold Trim Violets Cream PlateAntique R.s. Germany Reinhold Schlegelmilch Demitasse Creamer & Sugar BowlVintage Rs Germany Porcelain 4 1/2" Hat Pin Holder With Roses No Reserve3 Vintage Germany Bavaria Prussia Collector Plates 1 Royal RudolstadtBeautiful Vintage Plate From Prussia - Excellent Condition !Fine Antique Austrian China Cream Soup Bowl Set - Imperial Crown China, AustriaFine Antique Bohemian China Cream Soup Bowl Set - "sylvia" By Baronet ChinaRs & Es Germany Plates Lot (3) Early Celery Or Spooner, Hand Painted Pink Flowers W/ Gold, 6.25" H X 3.75"w.Antique Raised Roses In Cup Pink Gold White Tea Cup Saucer Scrolled Rim Poland P T Tulowice Wreath Reinhold Schlegelmilch Factory 18 Stein 1945-1956Vintage Royal Rudolstadt Maroon Portrait Demitasse Cups Set Of 6Set Of 4 Antique Wheelock Austria Plates Garland Of Roses & Gold Green Border 4 German Cups 3-d Flowers, Heavy Gold, 3d Decor, Tiffany Purple 3.25" H X 4.25"wRs Prussiaopen Handled Cake Plate Mold Om 30