Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Spode collection safe – letterStoke Sentinel, September 19th
IN VIEW of the state of the pottery industry, or no industry, whichever way you prefer to view it, it occurred to me that only a few people know the existence of the Spode Works exhibition and museum, which I really enjoy seeing over and over. Wouldn't...Read more
Former 'Kottke Girl' remembers her 'very best boss'Southernminn.com, September 15th
The downside to working there during our formative years is that most of us "Kottke Girls" gained a lifelong love affair with fine jewelry, Fostoria glassware, Reed and Barton silver, and Spode china. No Crate and Barrel goods would ever please us for...Read more
Wedgwood Collection: Sentinel readers back the £2.74m appealStoke Sentinel, September 11th
If you asked anyone about the pottery industry in the city they would think of Wedgwood first and then Doulton and Spode. I worked for the company for 16 years and I had a wonderful time. It's very important to keep the collection together." PETE...Read more
Historical Society hosts 'The Delicate Art of Porcelain'Moore American, September 9th
Most of the famous names in the world of China are represented in the exhibition at the Moore-Lindsay Historical House, including Miessen, Spode, Limoges, Wedgewood, Grindley & Company, Blue Willow Ware and Royal Daulton. “The original ...Read more
Stoke-on-Trent pottery firms welcome news of another Royal babyStoke Sentinel, September 9th
"We were overwhelmed by the success of our Royal Worcester and Spode commemorative ranges last year – affection from the public on Prince George's birth was heart-warming and we've no doubt that the arrival of a new addition will prompt similar...Read more
Ironstone, tea leaf china stand test of timeOrillia Packet & Times, September 5th
These first ironstone wares were made exclusively by his Staffordshire pottery until 1827. (Later, it was be ... (As well, in 1815, Charles Mason married Sarah Spode, the granddaughter of Josiah Spode, who was the maker of this historically significant...Read more
The Wedgwood Museum is an ode to Britain's industrial past – we must save itThe Guardian, September 1st
But Europe's ceramicists long remained in the shadow of China, which had mastered the magic of porcelain, the famous blue and white ceramic formed by kaolin in clay. “China” (Britain's new word for pottery and porcelain) became the 18th-century rage...Read more
Way We Were: The team that set up Gladstone Pottery MuseumStoke Sentinel, August 30th
He said: "There were some very formidable people in STIPT at the time, including Robert Cope from Spode, Hugh Gibson from Royal Doulton, Arnold Mountford and Ellis Bevan, and as they were local people, they realised that all the old potbanks had ...Read more