Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Disused Spode pottery works to be revamped with £1.7m regeneration proposalsStaffsLive, October 9th
Stoke-on-Trent City Council is spending £1.7 million on bringing a disused factory site back to life. Plans have been approved for the former Spode Works in Stoke to have 'preparatory work' done to ensure it is ready for future regeneration. The...Read more
Regeneration leaders welcome proposals for £1.7m revamp at disused Spode siteStoke Sentinel, October 6th
Buildings on the north-east part of the site will be demolished to make way for the Spode Fields housing development, and new gas pipes and electricity cables will be laid. The Church Street frontage will be refurbished, along with the exterior of the...Read more
British Ceramics Biennial celebrates Stoke-on-Trent industrial heritageStaffsLive, October 5th
Britain's largest ceramics festival has opened in Stoke-on-Trent to celebrate the city's industrial heritage. The British Ceramics Biennial is set in the historic Spode factory in the centre of Stoke. The festival, commissioned by Stoke-on-Trent City...Read more
Neil Brownsword gets Re-Apprenticed at the British Ceramics BiennialCulture24, October 5th
The Stoke-born ceramic artist began his working life as an apprentice model maker for Wedgwood at the age of 16 and he is returning to his roots for this latest project for the British Ceramics Biennial by working with a china flower maker, a master...Read more
Now Bake Off is ending, the next hot craze is about to come out of the oven…The Guardian, October 3rd
“It's messy, it's hot, it's pottery.” So runs the trail line for the new BBC2 craft show that hopes to repeat the ratings triumph of The Great British Bake Off. It sounds an unlikely, even absurd, pitch, but not that long ago so would pushing the mass...Read more
Artists get fired up in historic Stoke ceramics factoryBBC News, September 27th
The famous Spode factory made fine china in Stoke-on-Trent for 241 years until it closed in 2008. Now it has been filled with ceramics once again - this time by artists who have reinvented traditional pottery to make 3D printed porcelain, giant clay...Read more
The guilty pleasure of pretty dishesQuad City Times, September 27th
Hand-painted china cups. Dishes grab my attention every time I visit an antique store or am in a home with a china cabinet. Recently I had the opportunity to buy a hand-painted cup as a gift (and hence "justified"). The artist had painted her name in...Read more
Antenna: Ceramics starChristie's, September 25th
Standing at six metres high, the work is made up of 3000 individual bone china buildings, each of which is a reproduction of an actual London show — all initially photographed by the artist. At the base are derelict shops and Pound Land palaces...Read more