Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Pablo Bronstein: in the studioTelegraph.co.uk, April 29th
I'm interested in pottery, porcelain and silver, and sometimes bits of furniture, but less so because they take up more room. Recent purchases have included an early Spode dessert service, and some tea bowls which are very rare – I think the V&A only...Read more
Bank holiday weekend guide to gigs, theatre, art and nightlifeGet Surrey, April 28th
AFTERNOON TEA- HOOK: What could be more quintessentially English than a selection of blended teas, and home-made sandwiches, cakes and scones smeared with strawberry jam and clotted cream, all served on the finest spode china? The only choice ...Read more
The Queen at 90: Potbanks raise a cuppa to Elizabeth II on her 90th birthdayStoke Sentinel, April 20th
The pieces include a dresser plate and mug, featuring intricate blue and white borders and patterns from the Spode archive. They have been made locally at the Portmeirion Group's factory. Pottery firm Royal Stafford has also got into the Royal spirit...Read more
Portmeirion fights back in ceramic sales battleFinancial Times, April 20th
“We have worked really hard to revive ourselves and the great backstamp [an identifying mark on pottery] that is Great Britain,” says Phil Atherton, group sales and marketing director. “We have really pushed the 'Made ... Portmeirion bought Spode and...Read more
The State of the PlateOxford American, April 19th
When I drove into the parking lot of Replacements, Ltd., on the outskirts of Greensboro, North Carolina, I thought of a saying that Rosanne Cash attributes to her father, Johnny, who was an avid collector of rugs, china, linens, and furniture: “Every...Read more
Culture Club: exciting year ahead for pottery visitor centreStoke Sentinel, April 7th
A VISITOR attraction which is preserving the heritage of one of Stoke-on-Trent's most iconic pottery brands is gearing up for an exciting year. The Spode Works Visitor Centre in Stoke has a number of new displays, and is under the helm of a new manager...Read more
Warning from a Spode collectorQuad City Times, December 20th
In time the couple has collected a china hutch full of dishes in the Spode Christmas pattern — a complete 12-piece place setting plus numerous serving dishes — platters, bowls and relish trays. Their most recent acquisition is a cranberry dish with...Read more
Disused Spode pottery works to be revamped with £1.7m regeneration proposalsStaffsLive, October 9th
Stoke-on-Trent City Council is spending £1.7 million on bringing a disused factory site back to life. Plans have been approved for the former Spode Works in Stoke to have 'preparatory work' done to ensure it is ready for future regeneration. The...Read more