Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Tried-and-true holiday decoratingMinneapolis Star Tribune, December 13th
Silver and gold: Hinschberger mixes old (antique stemware, silver nut cups and butter pats) with new (gold chargers from Target) on his dining-room table set with classic Spode “Christmas Tree” china. For the centerpiece, a candle glows inside an...Read more
Scarcity drives prices on World's Fair collectiblesArizona Daily Star, December 13th
A: Some English factories used burned animal bones to make china. Bone china was 50 percent bones combined with equal parts of quartz and feldspar. The result was a strong, translucent product. The process, invented by Josiah Spode, started in 1800...Read more
Around Alamo: AAUW Holiday Home Tour tomorrow, SaturdayFt. Bragg Advocate-News, December 11th
surrounding valley views from all the rooms in the house. A Christmas tree covered in handmade ornaments, similar to those made for Judy's children over the years, along with a table set with Spode china, sets the mood for a colorful and nostalgic...Read more
Earlville House Walk to usher in the holidaysMendota Reporter, December 10th
Photos have been taken down and Christmas pictures put up. Her collections of Lenox Holiday China, Spode Christmas Tree China and Waterford Crystal are on display. There is also a collection of animated decorations. “Our grandchildren enjoy them so we ...Read more
PARTY LINE: Here comes 'da judge!Walton Sun, December 10th
I was thrilled to be asked to judge Butler Elementary Christmas trees this year and had a great time observing, inspecting, and getting ideas. I was really surprised (I don't know why) to see the huge amount of creativity that came out in those trees...Read more
She helps set your table for companyBoston Globe, December 9th
Hedtler began collecting when she was 18 and she discovered Spode earthenware from England (the name Devonia is for her favorite Spode pattern). Collecting is a ... A. I first started when I took over my mom's china-matching business. I would go on the ...Read more
Everyone's going potty for dainty British ceramics - even Lady MaryDaily Mail, November 28th
So while in Downton Abbey Lady Mary sipped coffee from Spode's gold-trimmed Sheffield bone china, the brown patterned Woodland cups featuring woodland creatures, also by Spode, looked equally at home on the local farmer's more rustic table...Read more
My favorite dish: Readers share stories of their holiday kitchen treasuresThe State, November 25th
This is a beloved Spode platter given by my husband's mother. Why do I love ... A few years ago – I was fortunate to work with a company to investigate the origin of the China, manufacturer, and to see if any pieces of the pattern were still available...Read more