Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Protect Potteries' historic buildingsStoke Sentinel, January 28th
However, all is not lost. Of the great factories built by the founding fathers of our pottery industry, one remains virtually intact. I refer to Spode's Georgian factory in Stoke. Although this historic gem is owned by Stoke-on-Trent City Council, do...Read more
4 Oxford Stores to Shop for Your Southern WeddingHottyToddy.com, January 27th
Carrying a large variety of fine china including classics like Spode and Mottaheden to Hungarian hand painted Anna Weatherby and Herend. For the upmost convenience, a bride is able to have her registry be online available to her guests and her gifts...Read more
Pilot Club antiques show and sale delights collectors, helps charitiesFlorida Times-Union, January 25th
She and Sandusky also were on the lookout for antique Spode china in the Blue Camilla pattern. The Jacksonville friends were among collectors from throughout Northeast Florida hoping to find treasures on the final day of the 66th annual Pilot Club of ...Read more
Nick Goodway: Portmeirion's on fire and it's not just pot luckEvening Standard, January 20th
The pottery had more good news yesterday. It announced that it is to spend some £1.5 million on a new kiln and other bits and bobs to raise output from its Stoke-on-Trent factory by 50%. That will up from the current 170,000 items it fires each week to...Read more
Portmeirion Group to create more pottery jobs after record salesBBC News, January 19th
The company said it expected to create further jobs over the next two years. Portmeirion was founded by ceramic designer Susan William-Ellis in 1960. It became the Portmeirion Group in 2009 after acquiring the Spode and Royal Worcester brands...Read more
Estate Sale Roundup: January 16-18: The weather's fine this week, so come out ...Austin Chronicle, January 16th
Four china sets and cut crystal and lead crystal; fine crystal by Waterford, Tiffany and Bacarrat; American Brilliant cut crystal; an abundance of silver serving pieces and hollow ware including a sterling silver tea set. Sterling candle holders...Read more
Hewitt to present a talk on his work and influencesHelena Independent Record, January 16th
Although the eminent folklorist, Henry Glassie, describes Hewitt as “a great American master,” Hewitt was actually born in Stoke-on-Trent, England, and is the son and grandson of directors of Spode, manufacturers of fine china wares. As a student at...Read more
London's calling...as city's ceramics used in pottery showcaseStoke Sentinel, January 6th
"I think people would be amazed at all the fantastic examples we've got in the city, particularly from the Victorian period when Spode and Minton's were competing to produce the best pottery, and I hope this will bring in more visitors to look at all...Read more