Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Tristram Hunt: The rise and fall of a pottery tycoonStoke Sentinel, July 21st
It was a firm boasting not one but two of the world's most celebrated traditional homeware manufactures who, between them, boasted over 500 years of craftsmanship in the production of Munster's finest crystal glass and the Potteries' exquisite bone...Read more
New Sheffield museum display gives visitors a glimpse of ChinaThe Star, July 13th
stoneware bowl made in China's Zhejiang province, a Chinese porcelain tea caddy dating from the 1700s and an 1875 plate in Willow Pattern, the ubiquitous English design attributed to Thomas Minton and Josiah Spode which appropriated many Chinese ...Read more
Horse brasses spring saleroom surpriseNafferton Today, July 12th
Dee Atkinson and Harrison's live online antique and fine art auction on the 4 July attracted international interest from China, Europe, USA and Ireland. The start of the sale was delayed by 30 minutes because of technical problems, with the online...Read more
Her Majesty's photo album: Meet the little girl who became our QueenExpress.co.uk, July 11th
For her sixth birthday in 1932 the people of Wales presented her with a child-sized thatched cottage. It has been loved by every royal generation since and stands in the garden of Royal Lodge, Windsor. The tiny kitchen with stove, mangle and Spode...Read more
From hotel to homeBDlive, July 6th
Built villa-style with verandas and both a guest and an office wing, Jeanne's collection of Royal Doulton and Spode china splashes colour throughout the house. The "pub area" stretches to an elegant mirrored bar, a 21st-century smoking-room with ...Read more
Fourth of July events plannedCoos Bay World, July 3rd
John Hubbard will be auctioneer for the live auction beginning at 7 p.m. Wine and cheese will be served and there are many high end items including antiques, rare books and pictures, a large set of Spode Christmas Tree China, furniture and services...Read more
How Middleport, one of the UK's oldest china factories, was savedFinancial Times, June 27th
The names of local manufacturers echoed down the years and across the oceans: Wedgwood, Spode, Royal Crown Derby, Royal Worcester – symbols of Stoke-on-Trent's hallowed place as one of the great success stories of the industrial revolution. ... In...Read more