Josiah Spode founded his Spode pottery around 1770 at Stroke-on-Trent in Staffordshire. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain.
In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china, which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. Spode’s pieces were distinctive for the depth and richness of their blue color—the pottery refined its own cobalt to achieve the effect. This blue-and-white china remained one of Spode’s most distinctive products for decades to come, though Spode also produced a variety of unglazed lines, including basalts, redwares, and canewares.
When Josiah Spode passed away, his son, Josiah Spode II, took over the business in 1797. Spode II continued the research his father had begun into bone-ash porcelain. Potteries had experimented with adding burnt animal bone to their porcelain for a few decades, but Spode II perfected the proportions of this mix between 1797 and 1798.
A mix of between 33 and 50 percent burnt animal bone, plus equal amounts of feldspar and quartz, yielded porcelain that was extremely white, strong, cheap to produce, and translucent. This bone-ash, or soft-paste, porcelain soon spread to other British potteries, giving England the boost it needed to stay competitive in the international market. By 1820, Spode’s approach to porcelain became the standard formula for bone china. Spode’s porcelain pieces often featured elaborate painted decorations, sometimes with exotic or foreign characters in novel scenes.
With the popularity of its bone-ash porcelain, Spode became the most successful Staffordshire pottery from 1800 to 1833. Its pieces had few flaws compared to the products of other companies—its glaze did not craze, its colors did not flake. Spode produced a wide variety of lines, including tea wares, dinner wares, and dessert wares, alongside incense burners, pen trays, cabinet pieces, and more. Master decorator Henry Daniel fostered high-quality designs on Spode’s polychromatic and gilded pieces, and C. F. Hürten painted many exquisite vases.
Each Spode piece was marked with the family name alongside a pattern number in red. This pattern number started at 1 in 1800—by 1833, it had reached 5000. Pattern #1166 is particularly noteworthy for its elaborate decoration. Other noteworthy pattern lines included Willow, which was first developed by Josiah Spode I around 1790; Tower; Camilla; and London, which was copied by many other makers between 1815 and 1825. Spode also produced imitation Chinese wares. Before 1805, these pieces featured a “Spode Stone China” mark alongside a fake Chinese seal.
In 1833, William Taylor Copeland took the reins at Spode after Josiah Spode III died, and he renamed the company Copeland and Garrett. In 1847, Copeland and Garrett became W. T. ...
These small-scale figures were inspired by (and sometimes simply replicated) classical sculptures from ancient Greece and Rome, and they were finished to resemble marble. These affordable pieces allowed the general public to bring fine classical art into their homes. Copeland displayed these figures at the 1851 London Great Exhibition, where they were extremely successful and popular. Alongside the Parian figures, Copeland continued to produce fine bone china and earthenware.
Copeland’s production facilities remained at Spode’s original Staffordshire location. In 1970, the company’s name changed back to Spode Ltd., which became Royal Worcester Spode Ltd. in 1976. Royal Worcester Spode experienced severe financial difficulties in the 2000s and was purchased by Portmeirion in April 2009. Portmeirion has continued to use the Royal Worcester Spode name in its product line.
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Way We Were: The team that set up Gladstone Pottery MuseumStoke Sentinel, August 30th
Above is a view of how potbanks used to dominate the skyline; left are two images of how Gladstone Pottery Museum looked in 1971 before restoration; below is museum manager Nerys Williams launching the recent beer festival; and bottom is Paul Niblett...Read more
'How I started my own potbank': John Woodhouse meets Meir Park's Paul DeakesStoke Sentinel, August 29th
I was born in Trent Vale and, after going to school in Oakhill, started out at Spode. I had three-and-a-half years there and then flitted around ... We took the name Peregrine Pottery from my favourite bird. We were in the park in Buxton and it just...Read more
Willow pattern standing strong after many yearsOrillia Packet & Times, August 29th
From London, Plymouth, Bristol and Liverpool, Sunderland, Newcastle, Swansea, Greenock and Glasgow, hundreds of ships sailed to Canada in the 19th century laden with crates of crockery destined for china merchants and wholesalers in Toronto, Halifax...Read more
Japanese "Big Head" woodblock prints by Sharaku wil be sold at auction, Sept ...ArtfixDaily, August 29th
objects and artwork, Asian items, estate jewelry, sterling silver and collectibles by names such as Belleek, Lladro, Lalique (a Druide vase), Hummel (a Madonna and Child), Wedgwood, Royal Worcester, Royal Doulton (Tiara china), Gorham (a mixed...Read more
Dave Proudlove: It's great to see Trentham Gardens blossomStoke Sentinel, August 27th
The Trentham Estate is potentially a model for the regeneration of major heritage assets across the Potteries, for example the Chatterley Whitfield Colliery, Tunstall's Victoria Park, the Spode China Works, and maybe some of the city's Conservation...Read more
Australian artist Danie Mellor's supernatural showcase at Edinburgh FestivalSydney Morning Herald, August 11th
Mellor has presented works in his signature blue palette, echoing the patterns of traditional Spode china (a curious contrast with the blockbuster Ming dynasty exhibition upstairs, with replicas of the era's ceramics filling the gift shop near Mellor's...Read more
Spode site lets the city downStoke Sentinel, August 9th
What jewels there are, such as the Potteries Museum in Hanley, Trentham Gardens and the various other museums. But also some sadness, such as the abandoned Spode pottery site. Thanks to the two gentlemen who remain on this site to tend the garden ...Read more
Lewes Community Village plans Treasures from the Attic sale Aug. 30Cape Gazette, August 5th
Among the antiques, collectibles and other goods available will be a never-used portable juicer and microwave; a Spode teapot and other china; lamps; ceramic dishes; furniture, including a mahogany vanity top with mirror and two mahogany and hemp ...Read more