What Lionel is to U.S. model trains, Hornby is to the U.K.’s. Its 1937 “Princess Elizabeth” locomotive is considered the pinnacle of O Gauge trains. Its Hornby-Dublo “Cardiff Castle” is in the Guinness Book of World Records for running 153 miles nonstop. The Hornby-Dublo “Deltic” made news by transporting a 35-pound child on a specially made 00 Gauge trolley. And its “Flying Scotsman” was so popular, it was produced in 18 different versions.
Hornby was not, however, the first toy train in the British Isles. Train sets were first sold in England at the turn of the century, more than two decades after tinplate miniature trains were first produced in Germany and France. A man named W. J. Bassett-Lowke, “the father of British toy trains,” hired German toy train manufacturer Bing to produce sets based on British railways and began selling these imported toys.
Frank Hornby, whose Hornby Series is considered the epitome of British miniature train sets, did not come up with the concept of toy trains, either, nor was he even the first to bring them to Britain. In fact, around the turn of the century, Hornby was more interested in patenting his own invention, a construction toy set, first called Mechanics Made Easy, and then rebranded as Meccano shortly after its launch in 1907.
Meccano was a tremendous success, and it wasn’t long before Hornby’s fascination with cranes and bridge-building turned toward the railroad. In 1915, he produced a railway game called Raylo, not sold under the Hornby name, which used a clockwork locomotive, likely made by Märklin. To play Raylo, players manipulated a series of switches to prevent the engine from running into the siding or off the rails.
When the Hornby Clockwork Train, using the standard O Gauge, was finally introduced in 1920, it was considered revolutionary among toy-train enthusiasts. The Hornby Train Set employed the clever technology of Meccano, designed to be taken apart and put back together. In addition, nearly all toy trains of that era were tinplate, but the Hornby’s locomotive and coal-car were made of nickeled base plates enameled in black, red, or green, with brass trimmings.
Only three of the 120 British railroad companies were represented—London & North-Western Railway (black), Midland Railway (red), and Great Northern Railway (green). Their locomotives all had the same running number, 2710, on brass plates attached to their sides. Only the tender was trademarked with “M Ld L England” on the side for “Meccano Ltd. Liverpool, England.”
The Hornby Series was a huge success, partly because German products were so unpopular after the First World War. Around the same time, Meccano also offered a cheaper version of ...
Even though electric toy trains were produced in Germany and America starting around 1900, companies struggled with safety and the correct voltage for their tracks. So, again, Hornby, which produced an electric toy train in 1925, could be considered a little late to the game, but the company had a trick up its sleeve to one-up competitors.
The Hornby Electric Train Set, the first with a locomotive modeled after a real-life engine, was inspired by the Metropolitan Railway, now called London’s Underground Metropolitan Line, which was the first passenger subway. It had been slowly converted from steam to electric power from 1905 on, which means Hornby was able to launch its first electric toy train based on a real-life electric train rather than a steam engine.
Even so, Hornby’s electric model, which had a tinplate body and used 100 to 240 volts of alternating or direct current, was not considered entirely safe. According to some versions of the history, Parliament and the U.K. Home Office put pressure on Meccano until the company withdrew the high-voltage train set and began offering a low-voltage accumulator version.
In the late ’20s, Hornby was also under pressure to make a train on the half-size H0 scale, which was becoming increasing popular, but the company refused to relent. Two years after Frank Hornby’s death in 1936, though, the company launched its own miniaturized train set called Hornby-Dublo. It had its own scale, but it could run on any H0 Gauge track.
In the mid-’30s, Bassett-Lowke had already experienced great success importing the H0 Gauge Trix Twin Railway from Germany, which had 16.5 mm between the rails, as opposed to 33 mm on the standard O Gauge sets of the time. These electric trains were powered by a center rail that could use right- or left-hand pick-ups, meaning two locomotives could run independently on the same track.
When Meccano, now managed by Hornby’s son, launched it’s smaller-scale train in 1938, it introduced its own proportions. While the wheels ran on 16.5 mm H0 Gauge tracks, the rest of the train set was proportioned at a ratio of 1:76 (4 mm to 1 ft), instead of the 1:87 ratio (3.5 mm to 1 ft) of most H0 train sets.
Meccano made the Hornby-Dublo to be deliberately out of scale, with the wheels closer together than they should be (true scale would have required the rails to be 18.83 mm apart), because actual British train engines at the time were smaller than those in America and the rest of Europe. Otherwise, it would have been difficult to fit all the toy-train mechanics of a British toy locomotive into the existing H0 scale.
Meccano dubbed this new scale as 00 or Double 0, and the trains were named “Dublo,” intended to be pronounced as “Double O.” Because Hornby trains were wildly popular, this peculiar proportion became the standard for toy trains in the United Kingdom. In the United States, 00 Gauge means something different—a train that runs on a 19 mm track.
The company boasted that the Hornby-Dublo let you “lay out a complete model railway on your dining table.” Train fanatics loved the product for its highly detailed diecast locomotives, made using techniques Meccano had perfected in its line of diecast model cars called Dinky Toys. Hornby-Dublo was also praised for its top-notch three-rail track that allowed trains to run smoothly.
The 1958 launch of the English Electric Type 1 Bo-Bo Diesel Electric Locomotive marked two milestones for the Hornby brand—it was its first locomotive made from molded plastic rather than diecast metal, and it was the first inspired by a diesel engine, which fans of steam trains resented.
Another innovation, in 1959, was the introduction of Hornby-Dublo’s first two-rail track line, meant to compete with Rovex’s Tri-ang two-rail line. Unfortunately, enterprise brought about the downfall of the company. To keep fans happy, Meccano had to keep selling the three-rail track at the same time, at great cost.
In 1964, Lines Bros., the corporate parent of Rovex, maker of Hornby competitor Tri-ang Railways, purchased Meccano Ltd.—it wasn’t long before the two separate lines of trains were merged into one, Tri-ang Hornby. However, only two Hornby-Dublo products were fully brought into the line, the Terminus and Through Station Kit and the E3000 Locomotive, using the running number E3001.
By 1971, the Lines Bros. business had disintegrated, and the miniature railroads became Hornby Railways again. In recent decades, the Hornby brand has continued to be known for its accurate train models, and has remained a model-railroad leader in the United Kingdom.
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Recent News: Hornby Model Trains
Source: Google News
Hawker Typhoon, Cops'n'Robbers and the Flying Scotsman: Has Hornby got its ...CITY A.M., November 21st
It added that its most successful new launches include a "quickbuild" Scalextric Cops'n'Robbers set, an Airfix Hawker Typhoon and a Flying Scotsman train set. Having been hit hard by the collapse of Modelzone in 2013, Hornby issued its third profit...Read more
Five things we learned about Northampton Town this weekNorthampton Chronicle & Echo, November 20th
Evan Horwood and Lewis Hornby have left the physio's treatment table this week to train with the youth team but their places have been taken by two more players - Tom Newey, who will be out for six weeks with an ankle problem, and Ryan Cresswell, who ...Read more
Holiday movie preview: Season brings last 'Hobbit,' 'Into the Woods,' Ridley ...News-Herald.com, November 19th
19), in which she'll portray Cheryl Strayed, who, in an effort to heal herself emotionally, decided to hike more than 1,000 miles on the Pacific Crest Trail alone. The movie, directed by Jean-Marc Vallee (“Dallas Buyers Club”) and written by author...Read more
Vintage Hornby model train enthusiasts flock to HighbridgeBurnham-On-Sea, November 3rd
Scores of model train enthuasists from across the country flocked to a vintage Hornby model train show in Highbridge at the weekend. The Bristol and Somerset Group of the Hornby Railway Collectors' Association held their sixth Vintage Hornby Train Show ...Read more
Vintage Hornby Train Show to be held in Highbridge todayBurnham-On-Sea, October 30th
Vintage Hornby Train Show to be held in Highbridge today. Model train enthuasists from across the region will be flocking to a vintage Hornby train show in Highbridge today (Saturday, November 1st). The Bristol and Somerset Group of the Hornby Railway ...Read more
Hornby completes move to new siteInsider Media, October 27th
"All the permanent Hornby staff employed as part of the distribution warehouse team were offered a transfer to DS logistics. This has been completed and the new team is now working at the Hersden site." The model railway maker announced plans to close ...Read more
Model train manufacturer Hornby to leave historic site in Margate following £4 ...Kent Online, June 27th
The move comes after an announcement of a £4.5m annual loss and could potentially see the model railway maker leave the site on the Kent coast entirely. The headquarters have been based in Margate for 60 years, but now the distribution warehouse will ...Read more
China supply chain problems derail profits at model train set firm HornbyThis is Money, April 8th
Model train set firm Hornby warned the derailment of its Chinese supply chain would drag the company to a worse-than-expected £1.2million loss. The profit warning sent shares in the rainy day pastime specialist down 1.5 per cent or 1.25p to 78p in late ...Read more