Germany’s Gebr. Märklin & Cie (Märklin Bros. and Company) debuted its first wind-up model train meant to ride on a track in 1891 at the Leipzig Toy Fair. Märklin was not the first company to produce a clockwork train that ran on tracks, but it was the first to offer customers entire layouts that they could put together, one piece at a time.

That same year, in an effort to standardize its offerings, the firm introduced its 1-5 track gauges. The 0 gauge followed shortly thereafter, and by 1900, the Märklin gauges were adopted as international standards.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Märklin and another German trainmaker, Bing, dominated the toy train market—Lionel and other U.S. manufacturers would not hit their stride until the 1920s. Early Märklin trains from this period typically feature the letters MC on them, which stands for Märklin Company.

Some of the early Märklin steam engines in the larger scales actually operated like real steam engines, with fuel, a burner, and steam power to move them along the tracks. This attention to detail extended to the doors of the passenger cars, which could be opened and closed, and roofs that users could remove to reveal papier-mâché passengers inside.

In 1911, Märklin built a six-story headquarter for itself just outside of Stuttgart. The building, which is still standing, accommodated 600 workers by 1914, but World War I drained the company’s staff and caused Märklin to switch to the manufacture of wartime products.

By the time the company got going again in the 1920s, it had done away with the wide number 2 and 3 scales in an effort to focus and regroup. But the company continued to produce realistic trains and accessories, including handsome electric lamps to illuminate layouts.

In fact, the way in which electricity was delivered to Märklin trains was the company’s first major breakthrough of the 1920s. It came in 1925, when Märklin introduced a new 20-v...

The major Märklin innovation of the 1930s occurred in 1935, when the company introduced its H0 scale, which was so named because it was half the size of 0 scale (today it is more commonly known as HO, pronounced 'aitch oh' rather than 'aitch zero'). H0 made tabletop railroads possible. Other train manufacturers quickly seized on the H0 system for their sets, but Märklin trains were not always compatible—the wheels on Märklin cars were not insulated, which caused shorts.

Models from this period include the RV 12890 steeple cab locomotive (the clockwork version was numbered 890), the HR 66 12920 locomotive, the 1750 Rheingold baggage car, and the 1780 sleeper car with real bunks. One particularly prized antique Märklin model locomotive from this era is the SLR 700. Even rarer is the R700; those made for export to the U.S. had a cow catcher in front, while ones bound for England did not.

By the end of the 1930s, Märklin had devised a "perfect circuit," which permitted remote-control-reversing of cars on a track. The company also introduced a fully functional catenary system so that rail lines that relied on such overhead power systems could be realistically depicted in Märklin layouts.

The most famous train to take advantage of this new technology, the Crocodile, would become Märklin’s flagship. The articulated train was a reproduction of a Swiss train of the same name that took passengers over St. Gotthard Pass. Deliveries began in 1935 for 0 and 1 gauge tracks (models CCS 66/12920 and CCS 66/12921 respectively).

Another world war put Märklin’s toy train production on hold. When the factory resumed production, one of its first new products for 1947 was an update of the best-selling Crocodile, only this time it was produced in H0 scale. The articulated frame of this new CCS 800 Crocodile helped the train negotiate the sharp curves of H0 layouts.

The 1950s saw refinements to Märklin’s third rail (it was placed below the roadbed with contacts that stuck up through the ties). The company also produced its only clockwork locomotive in H0, the S870. A circus-train set with steam locomotive, a cage wagon for animals, and an exotic "Oriental caravan" whose bedroom boasted a hand-painted interior was also sold, although it never made it into any of the company’s catalogs.

Technical breakthroughs in the decade included the shift from tin to plastics for train bodies and other parts, as well as the introduction of the TELEX coupler, which enabled remote-controlled uncoupling. By the mid-1960s, sound effects for horns were introduced, and by the end of the decade, Märklin was marketing a K Track system, which allowed tracks to be laid on surfaces that lacked roadbeds.

In the 1960s, Märklin was known as a predominantly H0 company, but in 1969 it revived many of its 1 scale models, sparking a resurgence of interest in this larger scale. A few years later, in 1972, Märklin would go in the opposite direction when it launched the 1:220 Z scale, which was for decades the smallest train in the world.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Airfix Model Railways

Airfix Model Railways

Dave McCarthy's Airfix Model Railway treasure trove is an in-depth archive of the company's plastic railway kits fr… [read review or visit site]

Gateway NMRA

Gateway NMRA

This great reference site for model railroaders, from the Gateway (St. Louis) division of the NMRA (National Model … [read review or visit site]

HOseeker.net

HOseeker.net

This site is a treasure trove of HO scale model railroad manufacturer catalogs and other reference information, inv… [read review or visit site]

Postwar Lionel Trains Library

Postwar Lionel Trains Library

Bernie Schulz’s Lionel Trains Library focuses exclusively on postwar Lionel trains and accessories. The site cont… [read review or visit site]

Eric's Trains

Eric's Trains

Eric Siegel's site displays his collection of O-gauge/O-scale trains, tracks, turntables, and other accessories. A … [read review or visit site]

Tech Model Railroad Club of MIT

Tech Model Railroad Club of MIT

MIT's model railroad club, as one might expect, has one of the best websites for learning about how people play wit… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Lionel Marklin Bing Rare Double Lamp Post PartsZ MOriginal Early Marklin Rail Car Esso Gas Tanker # 314 W. Original BoxVintage 50's 60's Marklin Train Set St 800 & St 800 Mt In Original BoxesTwo Original Marklin Engines Ho Scale Models Hr800 For Parts Or RestorationMarklin Vintage O Gauge # 1768 Operating Crane Car And BoxMarklin Ho Scale Vintage # Rs 800 Electric Profile Die Cast Locomotive And Box1920s Pre-war Steel O-gauge End-of-the-line Roundhouse Bing, Marklin, Lionel?Marklin 81835 Z Scale Deluxe American Starter Set Ln/boxMarklin Vintage O Gauge # 17550 Lithographed Side Post Passenger Box Marklin Ho Scale #26600 Western Pacific Digital Passenger Set-loco & 6 Cars Z MVintage!!! Marklin Ho 3053 Electric Fast Train Locomotive- Boxed! Z M102x MRare Vtg Toy Train Marklin Ho Engine & Tender Parts Or Restoration Hr800 MetalVintage!! Marklin Ho #3047 Heavy Goods Locomotive W/tender In Box - 44 690Marklin Ho 4085-86-87-88-90 Db Tee 5 Car Passenger SetHo Scale Marklin Sk 800 + TenderOriginal Early Marklin Rail Car 312 B W. Original BoxZ MNice Marklin Z Scale Lot, 4 Locs, 14 Cars,some Track.Vintage!! Marklin 3022 Electric Locomotive E94 276Marklin Z 8891 Mini-club Drg Steamer With Tender ( Mint Condition)Marklin 37021 Digital Br 53 K Steam Loco & Tender W/suitcase Ln/boxPre-war Bing 1 Gauge Clockwork Engine 6 3/4"l Nice Cond Rolls Marklin German LrZ MMarklin Z 8864 Mini-club Db 260 Diesel Switcher ( Mint Condition)Lot Bm) Of 12 Ho Marklin Steam Locomotives/freight/passenger CarsUnknown O Gauge Locomotive - Lms - Marklin/bing?Marklin 33184, S 3/6, Br 18.4 Locomotive Ho Scale Opened In BoxMarklin 7051 Remote Controlled Gantry Crane/boxZ MMarklin 3159 Electric LocomotiveMarklin Ho 7029 All Metal 2 Stall Locomotive ShedZ MMarklin Ho 7028 All Metal 3 Stall Locomotive Roundhouse JscMarklin Ho #320s Die-cast Box Car With Roof Lamps 1954-1955Marklin 55900 Db 1 Gauge 4-6-2 Steam Locomotive & Tender Ln/boxMarklin Sk800 Streamlined Steam LocomotiveMarklin Digital Control Unit 6021 And Transformer 6001Marklin Ho 332 .1 Box Car Die Cast Metal 1948-49 ObxHo - Marklin Lot Of 6 Switch Mast - No BoxMarklin Steam Locomotive & Tender Ho Scale Train 3005 Boxed! 23 014Ho - Marklin 74923 Railroad Crossing + Accessories For Double Track - New No BoxMarklin Vintage O Gauge # 17910 Lithographed Side Boxcar W/latching Doors & BoxMarklin 37914 Br 03.10 Steam Locomotive & Tender Ln/boxMarklin 82519 Z Scale 2-car Beer Set & Flat Bed Truck Ln/boxMarklin 72891 Ho Scale Locomotive Shed Kit Ln/boxMarklin Z 8618 Mini-club Db Flatcar & Silit Tractor Set (mint)Marklin Z 8670 Mini-club Burlington Northern Caboose (mint)Marklin Z Scale Track LotMarklin Vintage O Gauge # 17580 Lithographed Side Rheingold Passenger Box Marklin 42941 Ho Riviera Express Coach Set (mint) Marklin 88501 Z Scale Ffs Powered Electric Locomotive Ex/boxMarklin Train Set With Locomotive And Three Cars SpeisewagonMarklin Ho 332.3 Box Car Die Cast Metal 1952-55 Marklin 87055 Z Scale Era Ii Berlin Commuter Passenger Car Set Ln/boxMarklin 3058 Db Electric LocomotiveHo - Marklin Lot Of Bumper - New No Box