During the past 20 years, baby boomers looking to reclaim their lost, garage-band youth have contributed to the surge in vintage guitar collecting. As you’d expect, prices for the best examples have risen accordingly. But whether it’s a pre-World War II Martin flat top, a Gibson Les Paul from the 1950s, or a Fender Stratocaster like the one Jimi Hendrix used to play, there’s an instrument for every type of guitar collector.
Let’s begin with acoustic guitars. The biggest name in this category is unquestionably C.F. Martin, which was founded in 1833. Style designations for its flat top guitars have remained fairly consistent since the 1850s. For example, a 15 is considered a basic model, with increasing levels of detailing and finishing in models numbered 16, 17, 18, 21, 28, 35, 42, and 45. Thus a Martin D-18, one of Martin’s best sellers, is a big, boomy Dreadnought (that’s the "D") with enough extra touches to make it feel special, but not so many that you’d be reluctant to play it by a campfire.
Some of the most collectible vintage Martin flat tops include the Dreadnoughts from the 1930s, but any 12 or 14-fret steel-string models from the mid-1920s until the mid-1940s will bring a good price. The best part about collecting Martin guitars is that the company has made it so easy—vintage Martin guitars from 1898 to the present are easy to date because each instrument has an individual serial number.
Archtops are the other umbrella category of acoustic guitars. Gibson’s L-5 is one of the most coveted. First introduced in 1922, the guitar didn’t become popular until the 1930s, when guitars in general overtook banjos as the stringed instrument most beloved by the public. In 1934, Gibson came out with the Super 400. Epiphone answered with the Emperor. Gretsch competed with both companies via its line of Synchromatics, which had a cat’s-eye sound hole (Gibson and others went with more traditional f-holes). As for D’Angelico, it offered the incomparable Excel.
Other vintage acoustic guitars favored by collectors are the so-called cowboy guitars from the 1930s through the 1950s. These inexpensively made guitars were sold by Sears Roebuck and Montgomery Ward and featured stenciled or decaled scenes of cowboys and cowgirls on their flat tops. Some bore the "signatures" of Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, and the Lone Ranger.
Collectors who like guitars with a really big sound usually end up considering a 12-string by Martin, Guild, Gibson, or a host of other guitar makers. Leadbelly played a Stella, as did fellow bluesman Blind Willie McTell. Artists from folk singer Pete Seeger to Byrds front man Roger McGuinn popularized the 12-strings in the 1960s. And both Neil Young and Leo Kottke swear by their Taylors.
Resonator guitars are yet another acoustic category. Some vintage resonators, like the ones made by National, have bodies made from aluminum and a nickel alloy that’s sometimes c...
When it comes to electrics, no guitar has had a bigger impact on popular music than the Fender Stratocaster. The Strat was not the Southern California company’s first electric guitar—that honor goes to the 1950, solid-body Fender Broadcaster, which was renamed the Telecaster the following year. But the Strat defined the sound of rock ‘n’ roll and was the choice of everyone from Buddy Holly to Eric Clapton.
Another legendary Southern California guitar maker was Rickenbacker, which started out in the 1920s making metal bodies for National, and even made a Bakelite guitar in 1935. By the 1950s, Rickenbacker was known for Hawaiian guitars, but new models late in the decade caught the eye of John Lennon. When he played a Rickenbacker 325 with The Beatles, the company’s place in history was assured.
Fellow Beatle George Harrison played a solid-body Duo Jet Gretsch. Hollow-body Gretsch Streamliners and Country Clubs were big in the 1950s, and Chet Atkins played a hollow-body 6120—some models with his signature were sold as Tennesseans and Nashvilles. Seminal rocker Eddie Cochran was another early Gretsch customer.
Gretsch’s stiffest competitor was Gibson, whose solid-body Les Paul debuted in 1952. Collectors of vintage Gibson guitars are always on the lookout for a good Firebird or Flying V, and semi-hollow body ES 335s from 1958 to 1964 have proven quite collectible. But the Les Paul remains the most sought-after Gibson electric guitar, the choice of Led Zeppelin’s Jimmy Page, The Who’s Pete Townsend, and the Mother of Invention himself, Frank Zappa.
More recent entires in the electric market include ESP, Paul Reed Smith, Ibanez, Jackson, Schecter, Musicvox, Modulus (whose bass guitars are made of lightweight graphite), and Gittler (whose minimalist creations are fashioned from titanium).
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Californian To Offer 265 Guitars At NYC AuctionPollstar, March 10th
The auction house says it's one of the finest collections of vintage guitars to come to auction in terms of rarity, original construction and condition. The sale represents a wide range of makers, including Gibson, Martin and D'Angelico. The sale is...Read more
From Craigslist to custom seats, Portland bands and their tour vansThe Oregonian, March 10th
As much as musicians might drool over vintage guitars or digital instrument libraries, for bands not lucky enough to cruise on an arena-act tour bus, the humble van is their most valuable possession. Hard-touring acts routinely log more hours on the...Read more
Franklin guitar show draws international collectors, enthusiastsThe Tennessean, March 9th
John Schultz operates True Vintage Guitars, based in Birmingham, as a online only business. As one of the 65 vendors at the Franklin show, his biggest sales lately have been country/western and Americana-style flattops, particularly Gibson and Martin ...Read more
'The Holy Grail of Guitars' at auctionExaminer.com, March 8th
Risan has some 265 pieces in his collection that are believed to be some of the finest of vintage guitars to be put on the auction block when one considers rarity, original construction and the condition of the products. Also of note, many guitar...Read more
Enormous Collection of Vintage Guitars to be Auctioned in AprilNY1, March 7th
An enormous collection of vintage guitars are going up for auction in the city, and collectors will be looking to take their pick. Guernsey's auction house is selling 265 guitars, some dating back to the mid to late 1800's like a 1890's Washburn Style...Read more
Gibson, Gretsch, Washburn, Stromberg among rare, vintage guitars going to ...Minneapolis Star Tribune, March 7th
NEW YORK — The "holy grail of guitars" is among the hundreds of rare and vintage acoustic guitars going on the auction block in New York next month. California collector Hank Risan is offering some of his musical instruments for auction by Guernsey's...Read more
California collector to offer 265 vintage guitars at New York City auctionThe Republic, March 7th
NEW YORK — A large portion of a California collector's vast collection of acoustic guitars is going on the auction block in New York City. Guernsey's says the earliest instrument in the collection dates to 1840. The newest is a 2000 re-creation of a...Read more
Joe Bonamassa talks touring, vintage guitars, Beth Hart and new studio albumMusicRadar.com, February 27th
Joe Bonamassa's new studio album – his first solo effort in two years and his first-ever collection of all-original material – is slotted for a September release. But the blues-rock guitar star is making sure that his fans have a little something to...Read more