During the past 20 years, baby boomers looking to reclaim their lost, garage-band youth have contributed to the surge in vintage guitar collecting. As you’d expect, prices for the best examples have risen accordingly. But whether it’s a pre-World War II Martin flat top, a Gibson Les Paul from the 1950s, or a Fender Stratocaster like the one Jimi Hendrix used to play, there’s an instrument for every type of guitar collector.

Let’s begin with acoustic guitars. The biggest name in this category is unquestionably C.F. Martin, which was founded in 1833. Style designations for its flat top guitars have remained fairly consistent since the 1850s. For example, a 15 is considered a basic model, with increasing levels of detailing and finishing in models numbered 16, 17, 18, 21, 28, 35, 42, and 45. Thus a Martin D-18, one of Martin’s best sellers, is a big, boomy Dreadnought (that’s the "D") with enough extra touches to make it feel special, but not so many that you’d be reluctant to play it by a campfire.

Some of the most collectible vintage Martin flat tops include the Dreadnoughts from the 1930s, but any 12 or 14-fret steel-string models from the mid-1920s until the mid-1940s will bring a good price. The best part about collecting Martin guitars is that the company has made it so easy—vintage Martin guitars from 1898 to the present are easy to date because each instrument has an individual serial number.

Archtops are the other umbrella category of acoustic guitars. Gibson’s L-5 is one of the most coveted. First introduced in 1922, the guitar didn’t become popular until the 1930s, when guitars in general overtook banjos as the stringed instrument most beloved by the public. In 1934, Gibson came out with the Super 400. Epiphone answered with the Emperor. Gretsch competed with both companies via its line of Synchromatics, which had a cat’s-eye sound hole (Gibson and others went with more traditional f-holes). As for D’Angelico, it offered the incomparable Excel.

Other vintage acoustic guitars favored by collectors are the so-called cowboy guitars from the 1930s through the 1950s. These inexpensively made guitars were sold by Sears Roebuck and Montgomery Ward and featured stenciled or decaled scenes of cowboys and cowgirls on their flat tops. Some bore the "signatures" of Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, and the Lone Ranger.

Collectors who like guitars with a really big sound usually end up considering a 12-string by Martin, Guild, Gibson, or a host of other guitar makers. Leadbelly played a Stella, as did fellow bluesman Blind Willie McTell. Artists from folk singer Pete Seeger to Byrds front man Roger McGuinn popularized the 12-strings in the 1960s. And both Neil Young and Leo Kottke swear by their Taylors.

Resonator guitars are yet another acoustic category. Some vintage resonators, like the ones made by National, have bodies made from aluminum and a nickel alloy that’s sometimes c...

When it comes to electrics, no guitar has had a bigger impact on popular music than the Fender Stratocaster. The Strat was not the Southern California company’s first electric guitar—that honor goes to the 1950, solid-body Fender Broadcaster, which was renamed the Telecaster the following year. But the Strat defined the sound of rock ‘n’ roll and was the choice of everyone from Buddy Holly to Eric Clapton.

Another legendary Southern California guitar maker was Rickenbacker, which started out in the 1920s making metal bodies for National, and even made a Bakelite guitar in 1935. By the 1950s, Rickenbacker was known for Hawaiian guitars, but new models late in the decade caught the eye of John Lennon. When he played a Rickenbacker 325 with The Beatles, the company’s place in history was assured.

Fellow Beatle George Harrison played a solid-body Duo Jet Gretsch. Hollow-body Gretsch Streamliners and Country Clubs were big in the 1950s, and Chet Atkins played a hollow-body 6120—some models with his signature were sold as Tennesseans and Nashvilles. Seminal rocker Eddie Cochran was another early Gretsch customer.

Gretsch’s stiffest competitor was Gibson, whose solid-body Les Paul debuted in 1952. Collectors of vintage Gibson guitars are always on the lookout for a good Firebird or Flying V, and semi-hollow body ES 335s from 1958 to 1964 have proven quite collectible. But the Les Paul remains the most sought-after Gibson electric guitar, the choice of Led Zeppelin’s Jimmy Page, The Who’s Pete Townsend, and the Mother of Invention himself, Frank Zappa.

More recent entires in the electric market include ESP, Paul Reed Smith, Ibanez, Jackson, Schecter, Musicvox, Modulus (whose bass guitars are made of lightweight graphite), and Gittler (whose minimalist creations are fashioned from titanium).

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Museum of Musical Instruments

Museum of Musical Instruments

If vintage guitars could talk... they'd be digging this site. With its many themed collections and exhibitions, it'… [read review or visit site]

Vintage Danelectro

Vintage Danelectro

This site is as cool as the Nat Daniels’s designed Danelectro guitars and amplifiers that grace its easy-to-navig… [read review or visit site]

Vintage Guitars Info

Vintage Guitars Info

This great reference site features detailed sections on vintage guitar makers, including Gibson, Fender, Martin, Gr… [read review or visit site]

Vintage Guitar and Bass

Vintage Guitar and Bass

Want to see all the old brochures and ads for your favorite vintage axe? Check out this great site, which showcases… [read review or visit site]



Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Gibson Sg 50s Tribute "prototype" Electric Guitar*2013*rare*no Reserve*Vintage 1966 Gibson Sg Electric GuitarVintage Gibson Es-335 Project Semi Hollow Body Guitar 1973 Need Pickups PartsGibson Les Paul Standard Studio1995 Martin Cutaway Guitar Oooc-16 , Sitka - Mahogany W/ Original CaseGibson Les Paul Custom Project GuitarVintage Silvertone/kay N-4 L8932 Acoustic Archtop Guitar1964 Martin Standard D-28 Acoustic Guitar (headstock Repaired)Warmoth Licensed Fender Jazzmaster Lake Placid Blue Guitar W/case1962 Martin 00-21 Acoutic Guitar - Brazilian Rosewood - Rare No Reserve AuctionVintage Rare 1964 Gibson Firebird V Reverse W/ohsc1954 Guild X-175 Nyc Label W Alligator OhscMarshall - Jcm900 Mkiii - Model 2500 - 50w - 16 / 8 Ohm - Guitar Amplifier As-is2005 Larrivee Om-09 Acoustic Guitar - Very Good ConditionGibson Les Paul Studio Electric Guitar*black Gloss Finish*2006*no Reserve*1962 Martin 00-28 G Classical Guitar Oo-28g Brazilian Rosewood No Reserve!Martin X Series 00x1ae Grand Concert Acoustic-electric GuitarVintage 1960 Gibson Es 125t Thinline Hollowbody Electric Guitar W/ohscGibson Les Paul Studio '60s Tribute Electric GuitarFender Telecaster Thinline 72 Ri Electric Guitar*2007*semi-hollowbody*no ReserveMarshall 1974x Combo Guitar Tube AmpVintage 1940's Gibson Lg-2 Sunburst Acoustic Guitar With CaseVintage Harmony Meteor Electric GuitarFender American Stratocaster Epiphone Emperor Swingster Hollowbody Electric Guitar2013 Gibson Usa Les Paul Standard Cherry Sunburst W Case No ReserveVintage 1960s Epiphone Et-290 Crestwood 6 String Elec Guitar W/epiphone Case 1930's Antique Parlor Guitar V-neck Del Oro W/orignal Trapdoor Case Beauty!Vintage 1960's Silvertone Model 1484 Twin Twelve Piggyback Tube Amp! No Reserve!Prs Custom 24 Paul Reed Smith 1990Fender Telecaster American StandardJohn Mclaughlin Custom Acoustic Guitar (donated For Charity For Culture Project)Fender Stratocaster Made In UsaBogner - Alchemist - 40w / 20w - 2 Channel - Black - Tube Guitar Amplifier2013 Gibson Les Paul StandardVintage 1966 Fender Bassman Tube Amp And CabinetGibson 2016 Les Paul Studio Faded Electric Guitar2004 Fender American Standard Double Fat Hh Stratocaster Hardtail Strat S1 UsaFender Masterbuilt Custom Shop Abigail Ybarra 1954 Pickups StratocasterEpiphone Gibson 1958 R/i Korina Flying V With Hard Case Electric Guitar RareGibson Custom Shop 2005 Es-336 Tangerine Burst W Ohsc And Coa--near MintOld Fender Telecaster Guitar, Tuners (and Maybe Other Parts) Not Origional. Fender Special Edition Lite Ash Stratocaster Electric Guitar1983 Fender Stratocaster W/ohsc60s Truetone Kay Speed Demon P-3 Hollow Body Archtop Electric Guitar, Hard CaseMartin D-28 Accoustic Guitar With Original Hard CaseFender Reverb Original 1961Martin Standard D-28 Acoustic GuitarMarshall Dsl100h - 100w 2-channel Tube Guitar Amplifier HeadEpiphone Limited Edition G-1275 Double Neck Electric Guitar Cherry2015 Gibson True Historic Murphy Aged 1959 Les Paul Reissue Vintage Lemon BurstFender Mustang Electric Bass Guitar - Crafted In Japan - Olympic WhiteSeagull Maritime Sws Mini Jumbo High Gloss Acoustic GuitarVintage 1960s Vox Ac 50 Big Box Tube Guitar Amplifier Head Jmi EnglandPeavey Destiny Custom Electric Guitar Usa Gibson 2016 Les Paul '50s Tribute T Electric Guitar Satin Gold Top With Dark Ba1984 Gibson Es 347 Td Semi Hollow Electric GuitarGuild Jumbo Jf30-12 String Acoustic Guitar Made In Westerly Ri Usa W/case Fender Stratocaster2013 Taylor 322 Tropical Mahogany Top Grand Concert Acoustic Guitar! No Reserve!