Gibson vintage guitars have their roots in Kalamazoo, Michigan where, in 1894, an eccentric, self-taught luthier named Orville H. Gibson began making stringed instruments using the archtop design of violins as his guide. Although he began by making both guitars and mandolins, his first and only patent was granted in 1898 for a mandolin design.
Orville Gibson sold his company in 1902 and died in 1918, but his early affinity for mandolins presaged the first major success for the company that bore his name. In 1922, a Gibson engineer named Lloyd Loar designed the F5 mandolin, which featured an elevated fretboard over the instrument’s body and decorative f-holes.
Banjos would dominate the mid-1920s to mid-1930s for Gibson, but all along the company continued to make guitars. It was not recognized as a leader in this field until the 1930s when the guitar enjoyed a rise in popularity.
As with the Loar mandolin, these new 1930s Gibson guitars were archtops, usually with a trapeze tailpiece below the bridge to secure the strings and pickguards that seemed to float above the instrument’s body. The L4s of this period, which are not especially collectible despite their age, had round soundholes. The L5s, which are far more collectible, had f-holes. Other models of the day are the L7, L10, and L12, none of which were as desirable then — or as collectible today — as the L5.
The 1930s was also the decade when Gibson introduced its first electric guitars. Jazz guitarist Charlie Christian made the 1936 ES-150 famous — today, that guitar’s pickup is actually known as a Charlie Christian. After World War II, during which the company halted production due to a lack of supplies, Gibson introduced its first solid body electric guitar, the Les Paul.
There is some debate about who actually designed the Les Paul, which was introduced as a Goldtop in 1952. To hear guitarist Les Paul tell it, he is the man responsible for his namesake, but guitar author and collector George Gruhn believes the great musician may have had little do to with its design, and historians generally give Gibson president Ted McCarty most of the credit.
The collectibility of Les Pauls varies greatly depending on their vintage. Of the original, Standard models, the first Sunbursts are considered the Mother Lode of Les Pauls and e...
Another Gibson line that has proved very collectible are semi-hollow body ES 335s from 1958-1964, although the presence of a Bigsy vibrato on the guitar (a so-called whammy bar) makes it less valuable.
Key terms for Gibson Vintage Guitars:
Archtop: A stringed musical instrument whose top is rounded, either by carving a solid piece of wood or subjecting a laminated sheet to heat so it can be molded into the desired shape.
Sunburst: A finish for musical instruments that is light in the center and darker around the edges. Two of the most common sunbursts are cherry (yellow in the center fading to reddish on the outside) and three-color (yellow in the center, then reddish, then black at the edges).
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Custom guitar trophy hits right note at Memphis OpenMemphis Commercial Appeal, February 13th
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Vintage Vault: 1962 Gibson ES-175DPremier Guitar, February 9th
The amp behind the guitar is a 1962 Fender Vibrasonic. It was introduced in the summer of 1959 as the first of Fender's new brown Tolex amp series. These amps replaced the previous tweed covered models and had some practical modifications including a ...Read more
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It would be something of an understatement to say Peter Doherty has so-far lived a “colorful” life. Award-winning teenage poetry, forming fabled indie-rockers The Libertines, well-documented brushes with the law - prison and rehab - kicked out of The ...Read more
Gibson Guitar Greats #2: Jimmy PageGibson, February 2nd
The sessions paid well, though: it was this era that Page acquired his famous Gibson Les Paul “Black Beauty” Custom. Growing tired of incessant sessions, Page joined The Yardbirds — first playing bass, then guitar alongside Jeff Beck. The Yardbirds...Read more
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At Winter NAMM 2016, Gibson Guitars' Don Ruffatto took AG's Whitney Phaneuf behind the velvet rope for a demo of two very rare instruments — the Monarch Crown Jewel Edition, which Ruffatoo calls “a true, one-of-a-kind masterpiece,” featuring a ...Read more
Gibson Guitar Greats: BB KingGibson, January 29th
In a new series, Gibson.com examines the work of some Gibson guitar greats. We'll start with the legend that will always be B.B. King. If you don't adore this man's music you a) probably don't have a pulse b) you don't like guitar. Hands down, one of...Read more
Each NHL All-Star to receive a Gibson guitarFOXSports.com, January 27th
The NHL All-Star Game will be deep in the heart of Music City this weekend, so perhaps it comes as no surprise that each player and coach in attendance will receive a personalized Gibson Les Paul guitar. The beautiful musical instrument will feature...Read more
Gibson Takes AG Behind the Velvet Rope at NAMM 2016Acoustic Guitar, January 22nd
Don Ruffatto, product manager at Gibson Guitars, got some AG editors behind the velvet rope Friday at the NAMM Show in Anaheim, California. And what they saw blew their minds. In this gallery, Ruffatto, shrouded in a purple glow much like Prince in ...Read more