Gibson vintage guitars have their roots in Kalamazoo, Michigan where, in 1894, an eccentric, self-taught luthier named Orville H. Gibson began making stringed instruments using the archtop design of violins as his guide. Although he began by making both guitars and mandolins, his first and only patent was granted in 1898 for a mandolin design.
Orville Gibson sold his company in 1902 and died in 1918, but his early affinity for mandolins presaged the first major success for the company that bore his name. In 1922, a Gibson engineer named Lloyd Loar designed the F5 mandolin, which featured an elevated fretboard over the instrument’s body and decorative f-holes.
Banjos would dominate the mid-1920s to mid-1930s for Gibson, but all along the company continued to make guitars. It was not recognized as a leader in this field until the 1930s when the guitar enjoyed a rise in popularity.
As with the Loar mandolin, these new 1930s Gibson guitars were archtops, usually with a trapeze tailpiece below the bridge to secure the strings and pickguards that seemed to float above the instrument’s body. The L4s of this period, which are not especially collectible despite their age, had round soundholes. The L5s, which are far more collectible, had f-holes. Other models of the day are the L7, L10, and L12, none of which were as desirable then — or as collectible today — as the L5.
The 1930s was also the decade when Gibson introduced its first electric guitars. Jazz guitarist Charlie Christian made the 1936 ES-150 famous — today, that guitar’s pickup is actually known as a Charlie Christian. After World War II, during which the company halted production due to a lack of supplies, Gibson introduced its first solid body electric guitar, the Les Paul.
There is some debate about who actually designed the Les Paul, which was introduced as a Goldtop in 1952. To hear guitarist Les Paul tell it, he is the man responsible for his namesake, but guitar author and collector George Gruhn believes the great musician may have had little do to with its design, and historians generally give Gibson president Ted McCarty most of the credit.
The collectibility of Les Pauls varies greatly depending on their vintage. Of the original, Standard models, the first Sunbursts are considered the Mother Lode of Les Pauls and e...
Another Gibson line that has proved very collectible are semi-hollow body ES 335s from 1958-1964, although the presence of a Bigsy vibrato on the guitar (a so-called whammy bar) makes it less valuable.
Key terms for Gibson Vintage Guitars:
Archtop: A stringed musical instrument whose top is rounded, either by carving a solid piece of wood or subjecting a laminated sheet to heat so it can be molded into the desired shape.
Sunburst: A finish for musical instruments that is light in the center and darker around the edges. Two of the most common sunbursts are cherry (yellow in the center fading to reddish on the outside) and three-color (yellow in the center, then reddish, then black at the edges).
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Joe Bonamassa: A candid guitar heroU-T San Diego, December 10th
He plays on the late Rory Gallagher's 1961 Fender Stratocaster, a 1959 Gibson Les Paul that previously belonged to both Moore and Fleetwood Mac founder Peter Green, and on another 1959 Les Paul owned by former Whitesnake guitarist Bernie Marsden...Read more
Forgotten Heroes: Paul KossoffPremier Guitar, December 6th
Kossoff took to music early, commencing classical guitar lessons at age 10. “My dad said that if Paul wanted to play guitar, which he did of course, he had to learn to do it properly,” recalled Paul's brother Simon in an interview with Gibson. “He went...Read more
Gibson reveals 2014 guitar line-upMusicRadar.com, December 4th
Gibson has revealed its full guitar line-up for 2014, and it's made big changes across the board. In celebration of its 120th anniversary, Gibson has rolled out a whopping 28 models, many of them with distinctive new pickups, features and finishes...Read more
Replica of Kentucky HeadHunters guitar could be yoursThe Courier-Journal, December 4th
A few weeks ago, the Gibson guitar company paid tribute to Martin's taste and prowess by releasing an exact replica of his prized 1958 Les Paul electric, with a cherry sunburst finish that has aged to what fans call “dirty lemon.” The guitar is part of...Read more
Guitar Lust: The Story of Duane Allman's Long-Lost 1957 Gibson Les Paul GoldtopGuitar World Magazine, November 19th
What's more, it can be heard on a new recording, Guitar Magic, by the Skydog Woody Project, which also features the 1976 Gibson Thunderbird bass once owned by late ABB/Gov't Mule bassist Allen Woody. The story of how Duane and the goldtop became ...Read more
Guitar Giveaway: Win a Gibson Brendon Small Snow Falcon Flying V Prototype!Crave Online, November 15th
To celebrate this release, CraveOnline has teamed up with Gibson guitars to hook one lucky winner up with a prototype model of the Gibson USA Brendon Small Snow Falcon Flying V guitar – before it's available to purchase ANYWHERE! Flying V prototype...Read more
Mod Garage: '50s Les Paul Wiring in a TelecasterPremier Guitar, November 15th
Let's begin with a simple but great mod that's typically called “the '50s Les Paul wiring.” (This wiring is also known as “vintage wiring” or “'50s vintage wiring.”) This is the way Gibson wired up their electric guitars in the late 1950s, including...Read more
Eddie Van Halen, Slash, Zakk Wylde Name Their Own Guitar HeroesantiMUSIC.com, November 13th
(Gibson) Guitar players all have their idols that got them to pick up the instrument in the first place. Sometimes those influences are directly indicative of the type of music they end up pursuing, but in some cases that initial contact with the world...Read more