Gibson vintage guitars have their roots in Kalamazoo, Michigan where, in 1894, an eccentric, self-taught luthier named Orville H. Gibson began making stringed instruments using the archtop design of violins as his guide. Although he began by making both guitars and mandolins, his first and only patent was granted in 1898 for a mandolin design.
Orville Gibson sold his company in 1902 and died in 1918, but his early affinity for mandolins presaged the first major success for the company that bore his name. In 1922, a Gibson engineer named Lloyd Loar designed the F5 mandolin, which featured an elevated fretboard over the instrument’s body and decorative f-holes.
Banjos would dominate the mid-1920s to mid-1930s for Gibson, but all along the company continued to make guitars. It was not recognized as a leader in this field until the 1930s when the guitar enjoyed a rise in popularity.
As with the Loar mandolin, these new 1930s Gibson guitars were archtops, usually with a trapeze tailpiece below the bridge to secure the strings and pickguards that seemed to float above the instrument’s body. The L4s of this period, which are not especially collectible despite their age, had round soundholes. The L5s, which are far more collectible, had f-holes. Other models of the day are the L7, L10, and L12, none of which were as desirable then — or as collectible today — as the L5.
The 1930s was also the decade when Gibson introduced its first electric guitars. Jazz guitarist Charlie Christian made the 1936 ES-150 famous — today, that guitar’s pickup is actually known as a Charlie Christian. After World War II, during which the company halted production due to a lack of supplies, Gibson introduced its first solid body electric guitar, the Les Paul.
There is some debate about who actually designed the Les Paul, which was introduced as a Goldtop in 1952. To hear guitarist Les Paul tell it, he is the man responsible for his namesake, but guitar author and collector George Gruhn believes the great musician may have had little do to with its design, and historians generally give Gibson president Ted McCarty most of the credit.
The collectibility of Les Pauls varies greatly depending on their vintage. Of the original, Standard models, the first Sunbursts are considered the Mother Lode of Les Pauls and e...
Another Gibson line that has proved very collectible are semi-hollow body ES 335s from 1958-1964, although the presence of a Bigsy vibrato on the guitar (a so-called whammy bar) makes it less valuable.
Key terms for Gibson Vintage Guitars:
Archtop: A stringed musical instrument whose top is rounded, either by carving a solid piece of wood or subjecting a laminated sheet to heat so it can be molded into the desired shape.
Sunburst: A finish for musical instruments that is light in the center and darker around the edges. Two of the most common sunbursts are cherry (yellow in the center fading to reddish on the outside) and three-color (yellow in the center, then reddish, then black at the edges).
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Rare Gibson guitar stolen in 2009 returned to ownerKXAN.com, April 21st
(AUSTIN) — A rare Gibson guitar stolen in 2009 was returned to Walt Wilkin on Tuesday after an Austin Police Department detective saw someone trying to sell the instrument online. Wilkin's custom guitar was stolen after a show in Austin just before ...Read more
Rock & Roll is not dead; Former Gibson Guitar Factory taken over by teen ...Fox17, April 20th
KALAMAZOO, Mich. – Gibson Guitar made it's Historical mark in downtown Kalamazoo almost 100 years ago. Now, the building is being taken over by Rock & Roll teens and pre-teens. Believe it or not, some would argue Kalamazoo being the birthplace of ...Read more
Vintage Vault: 1967 Gibson ES-335TD Pelham BluePremier Guitar, April 20th
Gibson's legendary double-cutaway thinline, the ES-335, was introduced in 1958. Its elegant design remains a classic, one that has often been imitated. Ted McCarty, head of Gibson at the time, designed the guitar to combine the best qualities of...Read more
Tim Montana and Gibson Team Up for Chris Kyle Commemorative GuitarPremier Guitar, April 9th
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Gibson-guitar legend Johnny A comes to Chan'sThe Providence Journal, April 1st
Sure, it's nice to have loads of platinum-selling albums and legions of adoring fans. But Bay State rocker Johnny A has something even better: A few years ago, he was invited to design his own custom-model Gibson guitar. It's an honor given to only a...Read more
'American Sniper' guitar being auctioned for charityUSA TODAY, April 1st
NASHVILLE — Seeking to raise funds for veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, Nashville-based Gibson Guitars has produced a one-of-a-kind Les Paul inspired by former Navy SEAL Chris Kyle . The guitar will go up for auction Thursday at ...Read more
Former Gibson Guitar factory alive with musicSFGate, March 30th
KALAMAZOO, Mich. (AP) — People who don't often make it to Kalamazoo's north side could be excused if they're puzzled by the sounds of rock ballads echoing inside the former Gibson Guitar Co. factory. It's not the ghost of Orville Gibson accompanied by...Read more
Gibson guitar owners proudly share photos, stories of Kalamazoo-made ...MLive.com, March 26th
KALAMAZOO, MI -- Owners of Kalamazoo-made Gibson guitars have been proudly sharing photos and stories of their instruments as part of our ongoing series on Kalamazoo's guitar-making heritage. While the fate of the iconic "GIBSON" smokestack that sits ...Read more