Gibson vintage guitars have their roots in Kalamazoo, Michigan where, in 1894, an eccentric, self-taught luthier named Orville H. Gibson began making stringed instruments using the archtop design of violins as his guide. Although he began by making both guitars and mandolins, his first and only patent was granted in 1898 for a mandolin design.
Orville Gibson sold his company in 1902 and died in 1918, but his early affinity for mandolins presaged the first major success for the company that bore his name. In 1922, a Gibson engineer named Lloyd Loar designed the F5 mandolin, which featured an elevated fretboard over the instrument’s body and decorative f-holes.
Banjos would dominate the mid-1920s to mid-1930s for Gibson, but all along the company continued to make guitars. It was not recognized as a leader in this field until the 1930s when the guitar enjoyed a rise in popularity.
As with the Loar mandolin, these new 1930s Gibson guitars were archtops, usually with a trapeze tailpiece below the bridge to secure the strings and pickguards that seemed to float above the instrument’s body. The L4s of this period, which are not especially collectible despite their age, had round soundholes. The L5s, which are far more collectible, had f-holes. Other models of the day are the L7, L10, and L12, none of which were as desirable then — or as collectible today — as the L5.
The 1930s was also the decade when Gibson introduced its first electric guitars. Jazz guitarist Charlie Christian made the 1936 ES-150 famous — today, that guitar’s pickup is actually known as a Charlie Christian. After World War II, during which the company halted production due to a lack of supplies, Gibson introduced its first solid body electric guitar, the Les Paul.
There is some debate about who actually designed the Les Paul, which was introduced as a Goldtop in 1952. To hear guitarist Les Paul tell it, he is the man responsible for his namesake, but guitar author and collector George Gruhn believes the great musician may have had little do to with its design, and historians generally give Gibson president Ted McCarty most of the credit.
The collectibility of Les Pauls varies greatly depending on their vintage. Of the original, Standard models, the first Sunbursts are considered the Mother Lode of Les Pauls and e...
Another Gibson line that has proved very collectible are semi-hollow body ES 335s from 1958-1964, although the presence of a Bigsy vibrato on the guitar (a so-called whammy bar) makes it less valuable.
Key terms for Gibson Vintage Guitars:
Archtop: A stringed musical instrument whose top is rounded, either by carving a solid piece of wood or subjecting a laminated sheet to heat so it can be molded into the desired shape.
Sunburst: A finish for musical instruments that is light in the center and darker around the edges. Two of the most common sunbursts are cherry (yellow in the center fading to reddish on the outside) and three-color (yellow in the center, then reddish, then black at the edges).
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Recent News: Gibson Guitars
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Kalamazoo guitar company strikes a new chordThe Detroit News, May 1st
That has been the case for most of the past 31 years, since a cluster of former Gibson Guitar workers decided to stay in Kalamazoo and start Heritage Guitar. But that is set to change with new owners. “We haven't done a good job of telling the story of...Read more
Eric Church Debuts Gibson Hummingbird Dark AcousticGibson, April 29th
Also making an appearance in the video is Church's new uniquely designed and distinctively customized signature edition of the world famous Gibson Hummingbird acoustic guitar, aptly termed by Church as Hummingbird Dark. Church – who joins artists ...Read more
5 Rockers and their Favorite GibsonsGibson, April 26th
Slash always raves about his Gibson Les Paul Goldtop. “They do the job perfectly,” the Guns N' Roses guitarist (we can say that again now) told Gibson.com. “They're very well rounded, with all the great high end that you'd expect in the treble position...Read more
Was Prince the Greatest Guitarist of All?Gibson, April 22nd
To fans of his guitar playing, he wasn't merely “underrated”: he was clearly the greatest guitarist of modern times. Famously, Prince rarely gave interviews. When he did, they'd usually be for television where your average chat-show host is unlikely to...Read more
Great Gibson Guitars: the ES-335Gibson, April 18th
In some ways, the ES-335 was reminiscent in idea of Les Paul's primitive “Log” guitar (built after hours at the Epiphone factory) but was a massive refinement. The laminated top and back stretched across the body's width (rather than just glued on...Read more
Gibson Guitar Greats: Angus YoungGibson, April 8th
Malcolm had hugely encouraged his sibling to play guitar, lending him an early Hofner. But as home teens, the brothers rarely played together. Angus says he was “totally shocked” when Malcolm asked him to join his planned band. “I was amazed when he ...Read more
Tradition set to continue at old Gibson guitar factoryFox17, April 5th
KALAMAZOO, Mich. - New life is coming to the old Gibson guitar factory after Heritage Guitar Inc. announced new ownership of the business. For 31 years, the same hands and machines that made Gibson guitars have been handcrafting high quality guitars ...Read more
New owners to take over Heritage Guitar in old Gibson Guitar factoryMLive.com, April 5th
KALAMAZOO -- Heritage Guitar today announced new ownership of the business that took over Kalamazoo's Gibson Guitar factory 31 years ago. "The new ownership group is led by private local investors who have a long track record of revitalizing buildings ...Read more