Pedal cars for children first appeared in the late 1880s, when Karl Benz introduced his three-wheel Patent Motorwagen for adults. By the early 1900s, pedal cars were widespread, especially in the United States, England, France, and Australia.

One of the first companies to make three-wheel velocipedes for children was Whitney Reed, whose wooden horse pulling a sulky is a classic of the early form—the horse’s jointed legs moved when the operator pushed the pedals. Because automobiles are the main type of pedal toy sought by collectors, pedal toys like the early Whitney Reeds can be surprisingly easy to acquire.

Around the same time, Butler Brothers was making “Juvenile Steel Automobiles,” which is how the company described the pedal cars in its catalog. These cars had sheet-steel bodies, open steering systems and bottoms, and double-spoke wheels. Models included the Scorcher, the Wizard, and the Speedwell. The pedal version of the best-selling Ford Model T was especially popular among kids, and is highly prized today.

Before the war, the Bon Marché in Paris had been selling pedal cars designed after Grand Prix Peugeots. After the war, French toy maker Eureka continued this trend, making pedal cars fashioned after Peugeots, as well as Renaults and the Citroen Rosalie.

The U.K.’s Lines Bros offered its customers 30 pedal cars in its 1937/38 catalog, from the basic Prince, which was designed for 2-to-4-year olds, to the Electric Rolls, which had a wooden body and a 12-volt electric motor driving the rear axle. Naturally the car had working brakes and headlights, real Dunlop tires (including a spare), and chrome-plated rims. As for its performance, it could travel 12 to 15 miles on a single charge and had a top speed of 5 mph.

The heyday for pedal cars in the United States occurred between the World Wars. For example, pedal cars were fixtures in Sears catalogs. Unfortunately, they could only be sent to customers who lived near railroad tracks because mailing a steel car, even a small one, was simply not possible. Other companies that made pedal cars in the ’20s and ’30s included American National Automobiles of Toledo and Steelcraft of Murray, both based in Ohio.

Among other products, Steelcraft made GMC pedal trucks, as well as Mack dumptrucks, Model T Roadsters, Dodge Runabouts, and a Chrysler Roadster, which had bullet-shaped headlight...

Today these prices sound cheap, but the toys were not cheaply made. In fact, they were often as lavishly detailed as the real things. The steel was typically enameled to ensure rich colors, while pedals were adjustable to give young drivers a comfortable ride. Like the cars that adults drove, models ranged from economy (Whippet) to luxury (Studebaker). On the better models, steering wheels and other solid parts were custom cast.

After World War II, the J-40 (or Junior Forty) made by Lines Bros. in Wales by retired miners and modeled after the 1949 Austin A-40 was probably the most popular pedal car in England. In the 1950s, the company offered 33 pressed-steel-body pedal cars, its heavily chromed Tri-ang Centurian being the top of the line.

By the early 1960s, the company experimented with novelty cars such as the Noddy, which was like a small go-kart, but as the decade progressed it reverted back to pedal cars based on real automobiles such as the MG Midget.

Pedal cars were also popular in Australia. In fact, they have such a rich history there that the government recently issued a series of toy-theme stamps, including one with a red Cyclops pedal car from 1953. Though based in Australia, many of Cyclops’s pedal car designs were based on U.S. models and manufacturers, from Buick and Chevrolet, to Pontiac and Packard.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

Museum of Childhood

Museum of Childhood

Embrace your inner child on this website from the Victoria and Albert Museum, filled with high-quality images and i… [read review or visit site]

DFW Elite Toy Museum

DFW Elite Toy Museum

Ron Sturgeon's excellent gallery of fancy model cars and other vehicles. Nice high resolution shots with classy mus… [read review or visit site]

The Show Room

The Show Room

This gallery at Dave's Show Rod Rally features model show rods from 1960 to 2001. Favorites include the 1958 Thunde… [read review or visit site]

VW Toys and Models

VW Toys and Models

A comprehensive site completely dedicated to miniature Volkswagen vehicles. Browse hundreds of toys by country, man… [read review or visit site]



Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

Vintage 1950's-60's Murray Pedal Car 1949 Plymouth Sad Face Ranch Wagon Superb!Rare Vintage Eska John Deere Toy Pedal Tractor -hard To Find - Parts Or Restore Ltd Toy Stamp & Vintage Original 60's Murray Dolphin Pedal Car - Great FindSteelcraft Skippy Art Deco Streamline Pressed Steel Wagon 1930sVintage Original Fire Chief Pedal CarMobo Art Deco Scootabike Pedal ScooterVintage 1964 - 1966 Black Ford Mustang Pedal Car Vintage Ertl ~ John Deere Pedal Tractor ~ Car, Truck, Vehicle64 65 66 Mustang Ford Pedal Car Amf Vintage Hot Rod Midget Metal Model OriginalNypd Pedal Car By Gearbox ~ New York Police Dept.Vintage Original Firefighter Pedal CarAntique Old Pedal Car German French Garton Gendron Steelcraft Murray VintageVintage Murray Dude Wagon Pedal Car - Rare Metal ToyVintage Diecast Farm Vehicle, Ertl John Deere 8400 Pedal Tractor, CarVintage 1950's Amf Stake Bed Truck Pedal Car For RestorationVintage Original Pedal CarNew!! Dexton Pink Comet SedanVintage Pedal Car BodyJohn Deere 520 Pedal Tractor Vintage Original Officail Soap Box Derby Wheels And Tires No ReserveAustin J-40 RimsHuge Lot Of Molded Pedal Car Windshield 14 " Long. 3 " TallVintage Pedal Car BodyNos Several Bags Vintage Parts Tricycle, Pedal Car , Pedal Tractor Wagon AxleRare Vintage Amsco Simoniz Kidd-e Polish Kit Pedal Car Accessory 1955 KiddeKustom Bicycle Pedal Car License Fits Mooneyes Von Dutch Hot Rat Fink Rod Sign Pedal Car Classic Fire Dept. Pedal Car Murray Vtg Fire Truck Collectible Rescue Toy Fun +1940's Original Hughes England Mobo Horse Drawn Cart Metal Pedal Car Wooden SeatClassic Batman Pedal Car Vtg Batmobile Hot Rod Custom Crime Ride On Toy Fun +Vintage John Deere 520 Pedal Tractor Pedal Fire TruckMurray Tractor Pedal CarStoplight Electric 3-bulbs On/off Pedal Car Sized Adjustable Height Display Crown Premiums Napa Tool & Equipment 1941 Gendron Pumper Pedal Car Bank California Beatnik Bicycle Pedal Car License Bandit Ed Roth Rat Fink Hot Rod FunCalifornia Custom License Bicycle Pedal Car Custom Hot Rat Fink Rod Mooneyes Classic License Fits Garton Kidillac Pedal Car Vtg Cadillac Hot Rod Ride On Toy Volkswagen Beetle Pedal CarVintage Unrestored Carnival Pedal CarNew Pedal Car Fire Truck Fire Light Murray Amf Garton And MoreClassic Pedal Car Hot Rod Vtg Garton Ford Chevy Custom Midget Ride On Toy Fun +Classic Rat Rod Pedal Car Hot Rod Vtg Ford Chevy Custom Midget Bobber Gasser + Classic Pedal Car Pontiac Vtg Hot Rod Murray Garton V8 Ride On Toy Vanity FunJeff Gordon Pedal CarVintage Murray Pedal Car Flat Face Instep Pink Lady Pedal Car - 14 Pc 750 - Unassembled - Local Pickup OnlyMurray Tricycle Hub Caps-set Of 2 Nos 1960's Velocipide-genuine Murray Vintage Murray Style Steering Wheel 1964 Ford Mustang Pedal Car Model By Xenex International Inc.1941 Garton Pedal Car Bank - Checker Cab - Authentic 1/6 Scale Die Cast 125/2500Huge Lot Of Vintage Parts For Tricycle, Pedal Car , Pedal Tractor Wagon Cast Aluminum Pedal Tractor Steering Wheel 6 3/4" Diameter EskaPrecious Moments-girl/puppy Driving Woody Pedal CarHallmark Kiddie Car Classics 1959 Garton Delux Kidillac Pedal Car RetiredCalifornia Hooligan Bicycle Pedal Car License Rat Fink Rod Mooneyes Von Dutch Metal Bicycle Pedal Car License For Batman Batmobile Hot Rod Custom Ride On Toy Murray Vintage 1960's Murray Charger Pedal Car !! All Original !!Vintage A&p 150 Years Anniversary Red Pedal Car Ltd Edition MintHuge Lot Of Vintage Parts For Tricycle, Pedal Car , Pedal Tractor Wagon

Recent News: Pedal Cars

Source: Google News

Dick Newman: A boy in the '40s: Patrolling the neighborhood
Huntington Herald Dispatch, April 24th

I would drive my patrol car (pedal car) or ride my motorcycle (tricycle). First stop was Curry's Barber Shop, where I got my hair cut. Determining that was secure, I then stopped by John Booth's Gas Station for vehicle needs and to see if John was all...Read more

Chatfield woman plans two-year trip by solar-powered bike
Post-Bulletin, April 24th

Hanna Elshoff of Chatfield is getting ready for a two-year ride across the U.S. in her solar-power assisted, electric pedal car. Buy this photo. Posted: Saturday, April 25, 2015 5:15 am. Chatfield woman plans two-year trip by solar-powered bike Derek...Read more

Local mothers save money buying on Facebook: 'It's other moms'
KATU, April 24th

PORTLAND, Ore. -- For many local parents, Facebook is the new marketplace for selling stuff and scoring deals, safely. Stephanie Bean is a mother of two and a seller of many things online, including lots of shoes. "We don't need it all," says Bean...Read more

Bringing back Bugsy Malone: 'we're going to smell of Angel Delight for months'
The Guardian, April 23rd

Not a Goodfella or a Godfather, but one of the half-pint hoodlums from Bugsy Malone. I wanted a pedal car. I wanted a pencil-drawn pencil moustache. And more than anything, I wanted a splurge gun. Well, dreams really do come true: I'm 30 years old and...Read more

Scuderie Campari's Mira Pedal Car Is Your Kid's Dream Come True - Photo ...
autoevolution, April 23rd

Like most of the great things on this planet, the beautiful pedal car you're looking at has its inspiring story. It involves a loving father who wanted to offer his son a special gift for his 5th birthday. Since the man is skilled in constructing...Read more

Custom Pedal Car Raffle Underway
Clay County Times Democrat, April 9th

"This is a 1952 pedal car, but it has been extensively customized," noted car show committee member Tony Pace. "It was built to replicate the old lead sleds of the 1950s and 60s and was customized by artists in Ohio and Pennsylvania." The custom car...Read more

Morris Minor 1000 pedal car
Classic Cars for Sale, April 1st

A replica Morris Minor 1000 pedal car has sold for a world record price at auction. The replica of the Birmingham-made vehicle, one of only 56 produced, sold for £3600, triple its pre-sale estimate, at Halls' Fine Art Toys Auction in Shrewsbury. The...Read more

Morris Minor pedal car sells for world record price of £3600 at auction
Birmingham Mail, March 29th

Just like a real vehicle, the pedal car was launched at the Earls Court Motor Show. Halls' toy specialist Stewart Orr remembers it well. He was at the same show, manning the neighbouring Matchbox stand. “It attracted a huge amount of interest at the...Read more