For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.

Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.

Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”

Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.

Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).

On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”

In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...

Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.

Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.

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Recent News: 45 Records

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Frank's Place: Lamenting the decline in bowling as a societal glue, February 28th

When I think of bowling, and I rarely do anymore, it's as a curious relic, like 45-r.p.m. records or paperboys. Odd as it now sounds, bowling was once a vital strand of society's connective tissue, an American activity nearly as commonplace as churchgoing...Read more

ON THE RECORD: Vinyl stays in the groove
Press-Enterprise, February 27th

There are two “hidden” tracks under the labels that play at 45 rpm and 78 rpm; one of the album's sides contrarily tracks the needle from the inside to the outer edge of the record. And did we mention the hologram? “Over the Christmas holiday we had...Read more

Oklahoma City Community College album jacket exhibit shows important part of ..., February 27th

From the 1950s to the 1980s, the 12-inch LP record and the 45 rpm were the major formats of the distribution of music, and jackets featured the creations of a variety of artists, graphic designers, photographers, writers and typesetters. The jacket...Read more

Art Guys go interactive in 'Tunnel of Love'
Houston Chronicle, February 27th

People seemed especially intrigued by a scene whose parts included a broken 45 rpm record ("Too Close"), a dentist's tool, a big fake diamond, BBs and rope. In a vignette of pure beauty, a butterfly hovered in the midst of a forest in front of a...Read more

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The News-Press, February 27th

Sterban sang that unforgettable “oom poppa mow mow” chorus on “Elvira,” which topped the country charts in 1981 and sold 2 million copies of its 45-rpm single. Here's what Sterban had to say about: The band loving "Elvira” from the moment they heard...Read more

Pizza, other sweet treats offered at new Worthington restaurant
Tribune-Review, February 26th

All of the photos on the walls featuring classic cars, motorcycles and trucks – interspersed with vinyl 45 rpm records – were donated by people she knows in the community. “People from the surrounding area have been so supportive,” she said. “I think ...Read more

Jimmy Page revels in new Led Zeppelin re-masters
WTOP, February 24th

They were for the most part self-taught, Page said, and the technology they relied on was primitive indeed: They would buy singles of American songs designed to be played at 45 rpm and played them instead at 33 rpm, the speed designated for long...Read more

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Stereogum, February 11th

album on LP (both the deluxe and regular editions) that was NOT an accident: due to its length and the wide audio spectrum of the recording, we at Sub Pop, together with Father John Misty, decided that the album sounded much better cut at 45 RPM...Read more