For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.

Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.

Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”

Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.

Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).

On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”

In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...

Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.

Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.

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Style and Substance: Maria Lemos, August 27th

I have a 45 RPM patchwork linen sack dress that I wear all the time, and I also like Arts and Science. My tastes have changed as I've got older. I still have the same fashion sensibility but I think I've gotten quieter with it. I used to do selling...Read more

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Yes! Weekly, August 26th

High On Fire don't take Sleep's lumbering approach to stoner noise; they're more like the 45 RPM to Sleep's 33 RPM, though it's hard to make a distinction from the severe, fast-onset tinnitus they inflict. ! We're giving away tickets to this year's...Read more

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Tri-Town News, August 26th

I am really going to be dating myself here, but after my siblings and I completed all our Saturday chores, we were rewarded with a dollar so we could go to Murphy's Modern Music and buy the latest Top Ten release in the form of a 45 rpm record. We had...Read more

35 Years Later, Kate Bush's Stage Return Has Fans Buzzing
WBUR, August 26th

I absolutely LOVE Kate Bush, have everything she ever recorded (even the 45 RPM singles boxed set), and would love to see her “live”!! Lucky Londoners!!! It's great to have her back on stage, as she was always quite the performing artist. All the best...Read more

Quantic Sways MFAH Crowd With Tropical Swing
Houston Press (blog), August 26th

It was a special moment between the two vinyl enthusiasts, both of whom prefer to spin 45-rpm records without the crutch of a laptop. The song in question was "Opete Kwasi" by Suriname artist Sopiang Kawina. And not only did Sun dig it, but the crowd ...Read more

MURPHY'S LAW: RPM memories
Keyser Mineral Daily News Tribune, August 22nd

This tiny shop probably had other things for sale besides what I was interested in, but all that I remember now was that this was the best place in town to purchase 45 rpm records. All week long while in high school I scrimped and saved my babysitting...Read more

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D Magazine, August 21st

First things first: There is a Town Hall Arts Budget Meeting at Dallas City Performance Hall tonight. According to the DMN's Rudy Bush, the bulk of the allotted funding “now goes to facility upkeep in places like the Arts District instead of paying...Read more