For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.

Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.

Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”

Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.

Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).

On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”

In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...

Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.

Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.

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Recent News: 45 Records

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BET, March 26th

The results were mixed into a 45-rpm mono masterpiece. Unfortunately, at nearly four minutes, the final recording was too long for most time-conscious disc jockeys to play, so Spector purposely misprinted the running time as 3:05, a fact referenced...Read more

LEGO lover meets audiophile in this gorgeous turntable
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It has the ability to play at both 33 1/3 rpm and 45 rpm, so it will even play those old 7-inches from your parents' generation. Sure, it looks a little wobbly in action, but we're guessing this is more of an art piece than a daily spinner. And the...Read more

The Caution-vs.-Kicks Quandary
Wall Street Journal, March 25th

For 15 summers I traveled the country with many of the rock 'n' roll bands whose hit 45-rpm records stocked burger-joint jukeboxes in the 1950s and 1960s. I noticed something onstage: The great majority of the musicians didn't wear protective earplugs...Read more

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Grimsby Telegraph, March 25th

The Oasis Academy Wintringham team with their 45 RPM Clocks, from left, Daniel Noble, 14, John Fenty, Alex Elsby, 14, Kieran Miller, 15, Jordan Maddison, 15, Peter Mascall, teacher, and Scarlet Clark, 15. The John Whitgift Academy team with their...Read more

Best Monthly Dance Party
Cleveland Scene Weekly, March 24th

The guys hunt down records that "really sizzle" and "make the dancefloor go bananas," and they feature "original vinyl pressings" of both new and old 45 rpm singles. The monthly events also include "crazy dance contests" during which celebrity judges ...Read more

Emails, from the wacky to the mysterious
Poughkeepsie Journal, March 21st

Is Sam Donaldson's hair really a melted 45 RPM record? No, this isn't the 1980s revisited. It's a supposition from a press release that hit my email in-box last week. If you're old enough, you know Donaldson was ABC News' lead broadcaster for many years...Read more

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