For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.

Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.

Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”

Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.

Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).

On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”

In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...

Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.

Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.

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Recent News: 45 Records

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1999: Our Last Innocent, Giddy Summer
Daily Beast, May 25th

By 2006, Witt writes, the music industry resembled the pre-album 45 rpm vinyl single days of 1963. But as with Beanie Babies, what the Internet took away, it also gave. With all that digital freedom, and minus the 74-minute storage restriction of the...Read more

Wilfred 'Jackie' Edwards, an unsung hero of the 60s
Jamaica Gleaner (subscription), May 24th

By creating this double 'shock-attack', Edwards became the first recording artiste in Jamaican popular music, behind Laurel Aitken, to put two hit songs on one vinyl 45 RPM record, thus making him an instant star in Jamaica almost overnight...Read more

A Peace Out West: Mourning the Late Michael Kandel of Tranquility Bass
LA Weekly, May 22nd

The guys who tried selling them would put it at 45 rpm. They had no idea what it was. The first pressings were 500 and they were blue vinyl. We were using them to decorate our loft. We were using them as blue gels over lights.” Yet somehow, crate by...Read more

Search on for proof Attleboro couple's jukebox once played at Jolly Cholly's
The Sun Chronicle, May 21st

Don Forget of Attleboro owns a 1950's era Seeburg Select-O-Matic 200 jukebox that he believes was used at the former Jolly Cholly's on Route 1 in North Attleboro. He is currently researching that possibility. The box can hold up to 100 45 rpm vinyl...Read more

Anyway you spin it, '45 RPM' will be a hit in San Bernardino
San Bernardino County Sun, May 21st

The Beach Boys, Bobby Darin, The Monkees, Neil Diamond and The Supremes will all be part of 45 RPM memories. A high school reunion sure to get your heart rate up, “45 RPM — A Musical Revue” will rock the indoor Backstretch Amphitheater at the ...Read more

Bristol bits: Catching up with The Squires
Bristol Press, May 21st

In the other pocket is a seven inch 45 RPM single record of their internationally celebrated recording of “Going All The Way.” That particular song by The Squires is acclaimed worldwide as one of the best or best all-time examples of '60s garage band...Read more

Beatles inaugurate new series of 45 RPM lithos with Japanese picture sleeve
Examiner.com, May 12th

The cover of the Japanese single release of “The Long and Winding Road"/"For You Blue” makes up the first in a new series of lithographs taken from the covers of The Beatles 45 RPM (remember those?) singles that went on sale starting May 11. According ...Read more

Melody Gardot – My One And Only Thrill – Verve Records /ORG (45 rpm vinyl)
Audiophile Audition, April 27th

Melody Gardot started playing music at the age of nine in Philadelphia. At fifteen, she was playing piano in Philadelphia bars as a sixteen-year-old. Her eclectic realm included Duke Ellington, The Mamas & The Papas, and groups like Radiohead. A...Read more