For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.
Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.
Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”
Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.
Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).
On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”
In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...
Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.
Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.
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Record Your Own Music and Eat a Sandwich at Songbyrd Record Cafe, Now ...Washington City Paper (blog), April 20th
"You can talk into it, sing into it, do whatever you want, and it records directly onto a 45 [rpm record] on the spot. It plays it back for you and then spits it out for you to take home that very minute." Edmonson, who previously worked at Right...Read more
USA: Thousands of protest songs hidden out of fear of retributionFreemuse, April 20th
Out of fear of retribution many American protest musicians hid perhaps thousands of protest songs in plain sight: on the B-sides of the small 45 rpm records that were then commonly used to distribute singles in the era of the civil rights protest...Read more
On Record Store Day, longtime Allendale collector celebrates forever vinylNorthJersey.com, April 17th
For instance, he said someone who owns a 45 rpm of The Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" may want to sell the record for $100 and not realize that the sleeve alone is worth $900. Iuliucci said he would let the person know about the true value of their item...Read more
Anniversary of death sparks memories of meeting TV iconChestnut Hill Local, April 17th
(By the way, I loved the music of Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly, Clyde McPhatter, the Flamingos, the Drifters, the Clovers, etc., and I had a huge collection of 45-RPM rock 'n' roll records from the '50s, which...Read more
Ragged Records celebrating Record Store DayQuad City Times, April 17th
Record Store Day is a national event held once a year, on the third Saturday of April, during which more than 400 limited-edition titles will be released in LP, EP, 45-rpm and box set formats. A complete list of titles is available at recordstoreday...Read more
Extended Play: Vinyl Fans Flocking to Format Creates Supply IssuesFox Business, April 17th
United opened in 1949, “the same year the 45 (rpm single) debuted,” notes Millar, adding that the Nashville facility turns out some 30,000-40,000 records per day in claiming 30 to 40% share of the vinyl market. United is so busy it's turning away business...Read more
Vassallo: Music's Last Great Decade — the 1970sHottyToddy.com, April 17th
There were enough great songs to keep your head spinning trying to keep up with the 45 rpm's. The 1970's reflected diversity as never seen. The Beatles ushered in the decade, but by the end they were well into their solo careers. Here is a tip of the...Read more
Your guide to Record Store Day in Detroit and HamtramckModel D, April 17th
A major destination for soul music fanatics around the world, Peoples specializes in funk, soul, and R&B with a huge selection of hard-to-find 45 rpm singles. Hales' commitment to the local music community is deep. You never know when a Detroit music ...Read more