For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.
Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.
Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”
Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.
Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).
On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”
In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...
Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.
Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.
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Recent News: 45 Records
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Gospel Music Restoration Project to Add Flavor to New MuseumVoice of America, December 5th
The fact that these are 45 rpm records turned out to be very important in an unexpected way. 45s always had a side called the "hit" side, with a popular song and then the "flip" side, which fewer people listened to. The flip side, Darden says, was...Read more
Martin Sharp, 71, Pop Artist Who Tested Boundaries, DiesNew York Times, December 5th
A couple of weeks later, the musician dropped by and gave him a 45 r.p.m. record. He was a guitar player for a band called Cream. His name was Eric Clapton. On the A side of the 45 was “Strange Brew.” On the B side was Mr. Sharp's poem put to music, ...Read more
Diane Schuur happy with the jazz company she keepsTribune-Review, December 5th
Schuur has had a national recording and touring career going since 1984, but recorded some singles — of the old 45 rpm variety — as early as 1971 while growing up in the state of Washington. It only took three releases before she won her first Grammy...Read more
Holigay Gift Guide 2013: We Built This Gift Guide (On Rock & Roll)Autostraddle, December 5th
Turn it up to eleven with these puntastic Guitar Pick Wine Charms and a Volume Knob Wine Stopper, plus some 45 RPM Singles Coasters. Round it all out with this hilarious “No Loud Music” sign, which can double as a passive-aggressive gift to roommates, ...Read more
She 'decks the halls' and so much moreNewrichlandstar, December 5th
There was a Red Hatters' tree, festooned with a collection of red hats and red and purple ribbon, a tree covered with Santa Claus lights and small Christmas stockings, a white tree decorated all in red, and a "Rock n' Roll" tree complete with 45 rpm...Read more
Alexisonfire Detail Vinyl Box SetExclaim!, December 5th
Included in the box will be all four of the group's full-lengths, remastered for double-LP pressings cut to be played at 45 rpm. While this had been the case with the long-out-of-print 2009 swan song Old Crows/Young Cardinals, this will be the first...Read more
Third Man Records Continues Sun Records Reissues Series with 7-Inches by ...Exclaim!, December 5th
The label notes that his two songs were long believed to have only existed in 78 rpm form, but a 45 rpm single emerged in 2010 and was sold on eBay for $10,323. This Third Man reissue marks the first time that Hunt's music has been widely available on ...Read more
Christmas City 45 RPM sells for $665Northland's NewsCenter, November 25th
Duluth, MN (NNCNOW.com) - $665.12; perhaps the highest amount ever paid for a 45 RPM recording of "Christmas City," sung by Merv Griffen. That was the highest bid on Ebay for the record offered as a fundraiser for Bentleyville Tour of Lights. Click...Read more