For people of a certain age, seven-inch 45 rpm vinyl records are what music was, and is, all about. They just can’t think of Elvis without picturing that signature yellow Sun record label, or The Beatles without recalling the label on all those Capitol 45s, with their trademark orange-and-yellow swirl.
Also known as singles because each side had a playing time of less than five minutes, 45s were first marketed in the United States by RCA in 1949. The format made its way to the U.K. in 1950. The hole in the center of a 45 was larger than the one for a 78 or LP, which allowed them to be stacked on spindles and dropped, one at a time, for continuous play. Immediately embraced by consumers, 45s were a big hit with jukebox manufacturers and operators, too, who liked the way the space-saving 45s allowed them to quadruple (compared to 78s) the number of songs they could offer customers.
Early adopters of the 45 included Fats Domino, whose 1949 single, “Fat Man,” is one of the most collectible 45s by any artist. Ray Charles released “I Got a Woman,” the Drifters cut “Save the Last Dance For Me,” and James Brown rocked the house with “Please, Please, Please.”
Of course, some of the most prized 45s around are those Elvis Sun singles. The first was "That’s All Right," which was recorded live in the studio in 1954. The single’s B-side was a Bill Monroe bluegrass tune from the 1940s called "Blue Moon of Kentucky." Two more Sun singles followed that year, with another pair in 1955, for a total of five Elvis Sun singles containing 10 songs.
Other 1950s acts to score big with 45s include Chuck Berry (“Johnny B. Goode”), Bill Haley (“Ten Little Indians”), Little Richard (“Long Tall Sally”), and Carl Perkins (he recorded his tune “Blue Suede Shoes” a year before The King laid down his version for Sun).
On the other side of the Atlantic, the first U.K. Beatles single was "Love Me Do," which was released in 1962 by Parlophone, whose red label was augmented by blue, yellow, purple, and red horizontal stripes on the 45’s sleeve. Other collectible U.K. Beatles singles are the title tracks from the films “A Hard Day’s Night” and “Help!”
In the United States, before Capitol Records signed the band in 1964, Vee-Jay Records released several Beatles 45s. One famous Vee-Jay typo was on the 1963 single of "Please Plea...
Late-1960s album-oriented-rock artists are generally not known for their 45s, but The Doors were a notable exception. In particular, its hit song “Light My Fire” got lots of airplay, thanks in no small part to the hot-selling, and shortened, single.
Northern Soul 45s are also in high demand. Those are the discs that were spun from the late-1960s though the 1970s by DJs at northern England dance clubs such as The Twisted Wheel and Wigan Casino. Gloria Jones, Jackie Wilson, and the Imperials were all popular artists associated with that scene. Finally, later in the 1970s, disco, dominated the charts. Disco fever, as it was called, owed a huge debt to 45s by the Bee-Gees (“Stayin’ Alive”), Gloria Gayner (“I Will Survive”), and the Village People (“YMCA”), to name but a few.
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15 Must-Own Releases On Record Store Day 2014Aquarian Weekly, April 16th
This will be the first United States release for the EP, printed on a 45 rpm 10”. David Bowie, “1984” picture disc; Rhino. “1984” was originally released on Bowie's 1974 album, Diamond Dogs; the song and much of the album was inspired by George Orwell...Read more
There was no money in old TV: AsnerPage Six, April 15th
This 65th anniversary of 1949's 45 RPM single brings Alan Aldridge's “Beatles Illustrated Collective Set.” Every Day Lists A Beatles History Fact. If you're not Beatle'd out, there's five McCartney songs . . . VARIETY'S Power of Women lunch the 25th...Read more
Review: Midtown 'South Pacific' an 'Enchanted Evening'The Coloradoan, April 15th
I bought the 45 rpm cast album and even saw a revival in New York in 1957, where Juanita Hall, the original Bloody Mary, reprised her role. “Bali Ha'i” will forever be mystical; “This Nearly Was Mine” forever memorable; and “Younger Than Springtime...Read more
Rev Gusto discovers the delights of vinyl in time for Record Store DayPitch Weekly, April 15th
Shaun Crowley, Peter Beatty and Sam Frederick have been discussing the band's upcoming 7-inch — a partnership with Too Much Rock Singles Series' Sid Sowder, who chooses a band and pays for a pressing of 500 45 rpm records featuring two songs...Read more
Record Players For Cars Seemed Like A Good Idea In 1956The Consumerist, April 15th
It held 14 records, which was good for a few hours of music or talk if you bought extended-play 45 RPM discs and wanted to listen to everything in the player. (A 45 RPM record is one of those 7-inch discs that holds maybe one song on each side.) A...Read more
Record players were the infotainment systems of the 1950s and '60sFox News, April 14th
The format was chosen because 33? rpm records at 12 inches in diameter were too big for the car and the smaller 45 rpm size didn't play as long. The 7-inch size developed for the "Highway Hi-Fi" fit in the car and played for about an hour per side...Read more
Trivia 45 a test of teams' mettle: Our ViewWausau Daily Herald, April 11th
A gold pendant commemorating this year's Trivia 45 lays across a 45 rpm record, which is the inspiration for this year's Trivia contest. / Contributed photo. ADVERTISEMENT. What comedian was once a member of the soul group Bobby Taylor and the ...Read more
This Week in Boomer History: LBJ Won't Run … Beatles on Top … MLK KilledAARP News (blog), March 29th
RCA Victor introduces the world's first 45 rpm record on March 31, 1949. Country music star Eddy Arnold's “Texarkana Baby” is on the A side; his “Bouquet of Roses” is on the flip side. The 45 soon becomes the medium of choice for listening to and...Read more