The dominant gene in the DNA of rock ’n’ roll comes from the blues, which is just one reason why many believe it’s the most important musical genre of the last 100 years. Everyone from Chuck Berry to The Beatles to Led Zeppelin has used the basic 12-bar blues chord progression as the underlying structure for their music. Indeed, it’s difficult to imagine much of contemporary music without it.
Cognizant of this fact, the Rock and Roll Museum inducted blues legend Robert Johnson into its Hall of Fame in 1986, the institution’s very first year. The following year it added Johnson acolyte Muddy Waters to its ranks, along with bluesmen B.B. King and Big Joe Turner. In subsequent years, blues artists such as Lead Belly, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, Howlin’ Wolf, John Lee Hooker, Jimmy Reed, and Willie Dixon, among others, have been inducted into the hallowed hall.
For vinyl record collectors, blues records are particularly appealing because the style spans so many years and formats. For example, collectors of antique 10-inch 78 RPM discs on Okeh and other labels look for Bessie Smith tunes such as “Safety Mama” or “Blind” Lemon Jefferson songs like “How Long, How Long.” In the 1920s, Jefferson’s music was so popular that some of his records enjoyed as many as 750,000 pressings.
The Depression knocked some of the stuffing out of the blues market, and World War II forced many labels to cease operations altogether as raw materials were husbanded for the war effort. But a parallel upheaval was happening in the blues, as artists moved from the Mississippi Delta region in the south to urban areas up north.
In Chicago, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, and John Lee Hooker all made their mark, trading their acoustic Martin guitars for electric ones made by Gibson and others (B.B. King’s black ES-335, which he named Lucille, remains one of the most identifiable instruments in music).
One of Chicago’s leading blues artists was Willie Dixon. He performed extensively in the postwar era, but he also wrote a lot of tunes recorded as 45s on Chess Records, by performers from locals Waters and Wolf to England’s Rolling Stones—their 45 single of Willie Dixon’s “Little Red Rooster” was recorded in Chicago for Chess in 1965.
In fact, in the 1960s, rock bands would regularly weave blues numbers by Dixon, Lightnin’ Hopkins, and Bo Diddley into their repertoires. First pressings of “East-West” by the Paul Butterfield Blues Band are prized, as are mint mono LPs of the 1966 “Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton” album—the leader of that band, John Mayall, was one of the greatest champions of the U.S. blues in England...
Then there were the Yardbirds, a blues-inspired pop outfit that launched the careers of not only Clapton (good luck finding a seven-inch single of their 1965 hit, “For Your Love”) but also Jeff Beck (the U.K. release of “Roger the Engineer” is much sought after) and Led Zeppelin’s Jimmy Page (look for “Little Games”).
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Recent News: Blues Records
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Winter's wife has blues listening to his new albumCharlotte Observer, October 30th
FILE - In this Oct. 1, 1977 file photo, Johnny Winter performs at New York's Palladium Theater in a benefit performance for the New York Public Library to purchase rare blues records. Winter died in a hotel room just outside Zurich at age 70 in July 2014...Read more
Jack White discusses jazz and blues records of Paramount Records at Yale ...NME.com, October 30th
Jack White has appeared at Yale University, discussing the jazz and blues records of Paramount Records. The former White Stripes frontman appeared at the prestigious establishment in New Haven, Connecticut earlier this week (October 28), taking part in...Read more
Jack White Speaks at Yale About (What Else?) 1920s Blues RecordsBillboard, October 29th
Yale University welcomed rock-legend-in-the-making Jack White to their campus on Tuesday night. And what happens when you invite Jack White to anything? He's going to start talking about blues records from the 1920s, whether it's applicable or not...Read more
Legendary Rocker — the Voice on One of the Most Famous Songs of the 1960s ...Television Week, October 27th
The piece quotes Bruce in the notes to a 1997 Cream compilation saying: “Those original blues records had been done so well, which meant you could only ever be second best. But if you treated those songs with a great deal of love and respect, you could ...Read more
Cream bassist and vocalist Jack Bruce dies aged 71Irish Times, October 26th
“Those original blues records had been done so well, which meant you could only ever be second-best,” Bruce was quoted as saying in the booklet for a 1997 Cream compilation CD. “But if you treated those songs with a great deal of love and respect, you ...Read more
Keyboardist for The Rolling Stones, The Faces brings his own music to LexingtonLexington Herald Leader, October 25th
McLagan was fascinated by Muddy Waters blues records that featured pianist Otis Spann. "Stu was a wonderful man," McLagan said. "He had no ego at all. He wasn't a showboater. I learned a lot from Stu just from watching him and listening to him. "He...Read more
Dave Ray's music celebrated with new releaseMinnesota Public Radio News, October 24th
They all liked listening to obscure blues records in hopes of finding a hidden gem they could learn to play. "At the time, that kind of music was sorta mystery music," Glover said. "It wasn't really widely available. You had to really look to find...Read more
The Infinite Blues of Woodstock Alums Canned HeatSan Antonio Current (blog), October 21st
Alan Wilson and Bob Hite formed Canned Heat back in 1965 as a mutual appreciation club for their obsessive love of early blues records. They culled their name from Delta bluesman Tommy Johnson's “Canned Heat Blues,” setting an early band precedent ...Read more