Collectible vinyl jazz records run the gamut from some of the earliest blues, ragtime, and Dixieland 78 RPM recordings to bebop, hard bop, and free jazz LPs. Along the way, the genre includes big band swing, West Coast cool, and international flavors.
For collectors of jazz on vinyl, several names are legendary, but not the ones you might first expect. Sure jazz fans want their Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, Cab Calloway, and Dave Brubeck, but the names they tend to gravitate to are those of the record labels that recorded the work of these and other geniuses of the art form.
One of the first labels was Brunswick, which in the 1920s was one of the biggest record manufacturers in the U.S. Back then the discs were made out of shellac and ran at 78 RPM. Brunswick artists (along with those of subsidiary label Vocalion) included the likes of Duke Ellington and Fletcher Henderson—in the 1930s, the company pressed Artie Shaw and Gene Krupa 78s.
Brunswick did such a good job that when England’s Decca records decided to start a U.S. subsidiary, it hired Jack Kapp of Brunswick to run the new company. One of Kapp’s lasting achievements was an 11-year relationship with Louis Armstrong, who recorded 166 tunes for the label. By the 1950s, Brunswick would rerelease many of its recordings from the 1930s and 1940s on LP, bringing Jelly Roll Morton, Art Tatum, Cab Calloway, Count Basie, and Dixieland jazz by the New Orleans Rhythm Kings to new audiences.
Another early jazz label whose 78 records are considered rare and collectible is Bluebird. It began as a budget label for RCA Victor but quickly evolved into a home for the blues, particularly the work of Chicago artists Big Bill Broonzy, Leadbelly, and Sonny Boy Williamson. Blues aside, one of the label’s best-known artists was Glenn Miller, who cut "In the Mood" and many other classics for Bluebird.
Continuing in this colorful vein is Blue Note records, which was founded in 1939 as a home for jazz exclusively. Saxophonist Sydney Bechet was one of the label’s first finds, but Blue Note really hit its stride after the war with recordings by Anita O’Day, Lester Young, Thelonius Monk, Art Blakely, and Max Roach. In the 1950s, Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan, Charlie Parker, Lionel Hampton, Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, and Kenny Burrell (and that’s just the tip of the iceberg) had all recorded for Blue Note.
For Blue Note collectors, one of the main differentiators in the value of a vinyl LP is the pressing location. The key is the address on the labels on both sides of a record. Pre...
This pressing differentiation is also true for Prestige Records, home to Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli in the 1930s, Duke Ellington and his Orchestra in the 1940s, and Sonny Stitt, Zoot Sims, and the Modern Jazz Quartet in the 1950s. For Prestige, catalog numbers from 7001 to 7141 with a New York City address on the label are generally the most sought after.
Meanwhile, in California, Chet Baker, Gerry Mulligan, Bud Shank, and Laurindo Almeida were recording 10- and 12-inch discs for Pacific Jazz Records, which was founded in 1952 before being gobbled up in 1957 by Liberty Records. These days, Blue Note distributes Pacific’s short-lived, but highly regarded, catalog.
One of the unexpected outlets in the 1950s for some of the original jazz pioneers was Hollywood. For example, Louis Armstrong’s trumpet work and vocals on the soundtrack for the 1956 film High Society contributed to its brisk sales (Bing Crosby’s duet with Grace Kelly, plus other tracks by Frank Sinatra, probably didn’t hurt the disc, either). And Armstrong had another movie-related hit in 1963, when an LP version of Hello Dolly! was released to capitalize on his best-selling single from the film of the same name.
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Jazz: RecordsNew Republic, April 28th
Duke Ellington, who has never been a man to be afraid of fooling around with new ideas, offers some of his most unusual in a Victor album (P-182; $3.57, with tax) that includes eight blues sides cut a year or so ago but only recently issued. Many...Read more
For Mansfield, Plainville musicians, it's all that jazzThe Sun Chronicle, April 27th
Impressed though they might be, few concert-goers left the theater humming a melody, and eventually even fewer bothered to buy jazz records. Yet, incredibly, the legacy of jazz is felt almost constantly throughout today's rock, funk and popular music...Read more
David Restivo, on lessons learned during his postmodern jazz journeyOttawa Citizen, April 27th
Also, since my mother was a music critic, record companies like Columbia would send boxes of for-promotion-only copies of their latest releases, and I would grab all the jazz records. In that period, the late 1970s, Columbia was releasing a lot of...Read more
Inaugural class of Jazz Alumni Hall of Fame inductedIndiana Daily Student, April 24th
“I spent all my money on jazz records.” Aebersold was the first student to perform jazz during an official recital at IU. Roger Pemberton, from whom Aebersold took saxophone lessons, worked to let him play jazz during his senior recital. Still...Read more
My dad and I sometimes buy each other weird jazz records: Greg Feldwick aka ...India Today, April 17th
My dad and I sometimes buy each other weird jazz records for Christmas and listen to them together." Even his unusual moniker has an origin story rooted with his parents. Feldwick says, "I first started making music as Slugabed when I was about 15...Read more
Concert review | Chicago & Earth, Wind & Fire: Kindred jazz spiritsColumbus Dispatch, April 5th
In fact, EWF's first two albums for Warner Bros. could have been mistaken for jazz records, though soon the band was transitioning to the mystic soul sound that would mark its best work. Chicago similarly experimented with both big band-inspired horn...Read more
Jazz Records Reissued, Thanks to Readers of The TimesNew York Times, March 24th
A couple of years ago, as part of its 75th anniversary celebration, Blue Note Records announced a series of 100 reissues on high-quality vinyl. This initiative was designed to help the label's celebrated back catalog take advantage of the contemporary...Read more
The Top 5 Jazz Records For Jazz RookiesConsequence of Sound (blog), January 19th
On this episode, Consequence of Sound Managing Editor Adam Kivel, and jazz musicians Lili K., David Ben-Porat, and Keefe Jackson reveal the five best jazz records for jazz rookies. Keep it real cool, hepcat, and dig the low down on these records...Read more