Collectible vinyl jazz records run the gamut from some of the earliest blues, ragtime, and Dixieland 78 RPM recordings to bebop, hard bop, and free jazz LPs. Along the way, the genre includes big band swing, West Coast cool, and international flavors.
For collectors of jazz on vinyl, several names are legendary, but not the ones you might first expect. Sure jazz fans want their Louis Armstrong, Miles Davis, Cab Calloway, and Dave Brubeck, but the names they tend to gravitate to are those of the record labels that recorded the work of these and other geniuses of the art form.
One of the first labels was Brunswick, which in the 1920s was one of the biggest record manufacturers in the U.S. Back then the discs were made out of shellac and ran at 78 RPM. Brunswick artists (along with those of subsidiary label Vocalion) included the likes of Duke Ellington and Fletcher Henderson—in the 1930s, the company pressed Artie Shaw and Gene Krupa 78s.
Brunswick did such a good job that when England’s Decca records decided to start a U.S. subsidiary, it hired Jack Kapp of Brunswick to run the new company. One of Kapp’s lasting achievements was an 11-year relationship with Louis Armstrong, who recorded 166 tunes for the label. By the 1950s, Brunswick would rerelease many of its recordings from the 1930s and 1940s on LP, bringing Jelly Roll Morton, Art Tatum, Cab Calloway, Count Basie, and Dixieland jazz by the New Orleans Rhythm Kings to new audiences.
Another early jazz label whose 78 records are considered rare and collectible is Bluebird. It began as a budget label for RCA Victor but quickly evolved into a home for the blues, particularly the work of Chicago artists Big Bill Broonzy, Leadbelly, and Sonny Boy Williamson. Blues aside, one of the label’s best-known artists was Glenn Miller, who cut "In the Mood" and many other classics for Bluebird.
Continuing in this colorful vein is Blue Note records, which was founded in 1939 as a home for jazz exclusively. Saxophonist Sydney Bechet was one of the label’s first finds, but Blue Note really hit its stride after the war with recordings by Anita O’Day, Lester Young, Thelonius Monk, Art Blakely, and Max Roach. In the 1950s, Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan, Charlie Parker, Lionel Hampton, Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, and Kenny Burrell (and that’s just the tip of the iceberg) had all recorded for Blue Note.
For Blue Note collectors, one of the main differentiators in the value of a vinyl LP is the pressing location. The key is the address on the labels on both sides of a record. Pre...
This pressing differentiation is also true for Prestige Records, home to Django Reinhardt and Stephane Grappelli in the 1930s, Duke Ellington and his Orchestra in the 1940s, and Sonny Stitt, Zoot Sims, and the Modern Jazz Quartet in the 1950s. For Prestige, catalog numbers from 7001 to 7141 with a New York City address on the label are generally the most sought after.
Meanwhile, in California, Chet Baker, Gerry Mulligan, Bud Shank, and Laurindo Almeida were recording 10- and 12-inch discs for Pacific Jazz Records, which was founded in 1952 before being gobbled up in 1957 by Liberty Records. These days, Blue Note distributes Pacific’s short-lived, but highly regarded, catalog.
One of the unexpected outlets in the 1950s for some of the original jazz pioneers was Hollywood. For example, Louis Armstrong’s trumpet work and vocals on the soundtrack for the 1956 film High Society contributed to its brisk sales (Bing Crosby’s duet with Grace Kelly, plus other tracks by Frank Sinatra, probably didn’t hurt the disc, either). And Armstrong had another movie-related hit in 1963, when an LP version of Hello Dolly! was released to capitalize on his best-selling single from the film of the same name.
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George H. Buck, Jazz Promoter and Producer, PassesNOLA Defender, December 11th
Born in New Jersey, Buck was a lifelong devotee to jazz, whether playing the music on radio, producing records or running labels that released jazz records. He started Jazzology and GHB Records in 1949, and went onto acquire nine other labels that ...Read more
Exeter band's record release - 50 years onExeter Express and Echo, December 11th
The young men all went their separate ways - and then in July this year Mike received a phone call from London record company Acid Jazz Records. Mike said: “They were asking if I had any tapes or demo discs from the early 1960's. “I told them I had one ...Read more
Performing Piaf at Portsmouth GuildhallPortsmouth News, December 11th
May will be capturing the sound of France's national icon and musical legend through classics like La Vie en Rose, Hymne à l'Amour, Milord and Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien. May is a jazz singer who has recorded several albums on the 33 Jazz Records label...Read more
The Endless Well of Latin JazzPopMatters, December 10th
And the truth is that there were ten more Latin Jazz records or performances from 2013 that might have been worth mentioning here. It is a deep, deep well of invention, tradition, and innovation—as proud a form of music as any other with which jazz is ...Read more
Stan Tracey, the Godfather Of British Jazz, Dies Aged 86The Jazz Line, December 6th
“During [my time in Ensa] one of the guys had a wind-up gramophone and a load of jazz [records]. That's where I started hearing a lot of jazz, and that turned me on to boogie-woogie, which tuned me on to the piano, and that's how I got started on the...Read more
Jazz singer Clare Teal is in the festive moodKent News, December 5th
Teal, twice voted British Jazz Singer of the Year and once BBC Jazz Singer of the Year, has made several jazz records, her first Don't Talk, reached the top 20 of the album charts when released in 2004. She will be performing at the Astor Theatre in...Read more
New Standards: My Houston Must-See Jazz ActsHouston Press (blog), November 22nd
We had some jazz records at home - John Klemmer's Touch and The Crusaders' Those Southern Knights come to mind - but I'd never sat in an audience and witnessed the music unfold before me. It was a revelation. Houston had a healthy jazz scene so I ...Read more
Jazz picks: Ryan Cohan, Robert Glasper in concert this weekLos Angeles Times, November 14th
Ryan Cohan: Inspired by a trip to Africa, the Chicago-based pianist and bandleader released one of the more ambitious jazz records of the year in "The River." Rising out of a lush, gospel-infused solo turn and meandering through a buoyant, album-length ...Read more