Bakelite was an early plastic resin, developed by Leo Baekeland in 1907. Originally used for industrial purposes thanks to its ability to withstand heat, molded Bakelite and its cast cousin, Catalin, made the jump to costume jewelry in the 1920s and had their heyday in the 1930s and ’40s.

Costume-jewelry manufacturers were attracted to Bakelite for numerous reasons. First, it was hard enough to cut and polish, which made it a terrific choice for everything from brooches to beads to bracelets, its most popular application. Techniques ranged from scratching the surface lightly in repeated or decorative patterns to outright carving. Some carved pieces have deep valleys and furrows; others sport patterns that suggest the outside of a pineapple or the facets of a jewel.

Equally appealing was Bakelite’s range of colors, which were given names like Creamed Corn, Butterscotch, Egg Yolk, and Salmon. Some types of Bakelite were marbled—Mississippi Mud, Creamed Spinach, and Chocolate Sundae capture the character of these mixed hues beautifully. Less common was translucent Bakelite in Root Beer, Lime Jell-O, and Cherry Juice.

While some Bakelite costume jewelry was fashioned from solid blocks of a single color, many more began as laminated pieces, in which horizontal or zigzag layers of complementary colors were combined. Sometimes pieces were laminated to create polka dots; other times polka dots were hand painted on an object’s surface, and in the 1950s polka dots and gumdrop shapes were injected into Bakelite during the manufacturing process itself.

Of the brooches and pins, one of the most popular treatments during the Art Deco 1930s was to combine Ebony Bakelite—an imitation of the jet pieces from the Victorian era—with rhinestones or inlaid silver. Egyptian motifs were in vogue, as were pins in the shapes of animals (cats, camels, dogs, birds) and plants, especially flowers and clusters of dangling cherries. Especially collectible are the World War II era MacArthur Hearts, which consisted of a 3-by-3-inch key-shaped pin, from which dangled a puffy red heart with a keyhole in its center—it was sold with a card that read "He holds the key to my heart."

The most famous use of Bakelite in jewelry was as bracelets. Many of these were formed of large, block- or medallion-shaped beads that were strung together on strips of elastic. Other Bakelite bracelets were hinged, carved into the shapes of serpents, or left open at the back so they could be easily slipped onto a wrist. Some bracelets incorporated chrome accents into their designs, others combined Bakelite with Czech glass.

But the most collectible types of Bakelite bangles are the so-called Philadelphia bracelets, which take their name from a Philadelphia auction in 1985 that featured two of these remarkable pieces. Philadelphia bracelets are always laminated in colors that include green, red, and yellow. The best pieces are hinged, and feature either multicolor laminated wedges or individually colored slices that have been glued onto the bracelet body, which is usually a rich shade of Butterscotch.


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Recent News: Bakelite Costume Jewelry

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Manufacturers' Monthly Material of the Month part 1: Bakelite
Manufacturers' Monthly, September 11th

“Electrical insulation and lighting was always a standard in bakelite originally. There's also still a strong market in Bakelite jewelry.” At the time of writing, a search of “Bakelite” brought up 1,899 matches in eBay's Australian site, with jewellery...Read more

Notes on 'Scandal': A Costume Designer Dishes on Olivia Pope, Jewelry, and ...
JCK (blog), September 8th

And there's so much jewelry today: fine, fashion, costume. We write about that mix a lot. Do you see that, too? LP: I see it, but I actually don't do it. I like things to be one tone. I have a huge collection of resin bracelets and a huge collection of...Read more

Alternatives to Brimfield Antique Show
Boston Globe, September 5th

Like a five-story tag sale, the Cambridge Antique Market is the ideal Brimfield alternative for anyone seeking kitschy kitchen accessories, quirky home decor, retro costume jewels — or basically anything made of Bakelite. Menotomy Used Bicycles is...Read more

The Week in Healdsburg: August 24-31
Santa Rosa Press Democrat, August 23rd

“The park will be filled with an eclectic mix of folk art, sterling silver, country furniture, Bakelite and vintage jewelry, Persian rugs, art pottery, antique prints and maps, vintage posters, postcards, toys, garden art, accessories and decorative...Read more

Moving to a Smaller Home, and Decluttering a Lifetime of Belongings
New York Times, August 22nd

But the value of valuables can be cyclical, warned Ms. Sherlock, who noted that 1950s and mid-modern furniture “is hot, and so is Bakelite jewelry, but something else that people love may just not be popular. A lot of younger people just don't want to...Read more

The Week in Healdsburg: August 17-24
Santa Rosa Press Democrat, August 16th

“The park will be filled with an eclectic mix of folk art, sterling silver, country furniture, Bakelite and vintage jewelry, Persian rugs, art pottery, antique prints and maps, vintage posters, postcards, toys, garden art, accessories and decorative...Read more