Jewelry boxes were once like treasure chests for the royalty, priests, and aristocrats who could afford to own valuables worth being stowed away. But as fine jewelry became more affordable during the Industrial Revolution, jewelry boxes, too, were mass-produced for the middle class. There were small boxes made for single rings, larger boxes meant for multiple pieces of varying sizes, and boxes designed for jewelry as well as accessories such as gloves. Some had myriad compartments, drawers, trays, and velvet slots for rings. Others contained mirrors, clocks, or mechanical music-makers. And while many were sealed with a lock and key, some boxes were puzzles whose solution revealed the jewels inside.

One type of jewelry box is the jewelry casket, a rectangular box made of inlaid or carved wood, metal, porcelain, button-pressed glass, or plastics like celluloid or Lucite. Others are shaped like squat cylinders with feet, heart-shaped boxes, egg-shaped containers, or human figurines. Respected ceramic factories in Limoges and glassmakers like Fenton have also made their own unique jewelry containers.

Others jewelry boxes are like miniature replicas of household furniture such as cabinets and bureaus. Sometimes these tiny replicas are produced by craftsmen who specialize in the full-size stuff, but these miniatures are not to be confused with jewelry armoires, which are actual pieces of furniture large enough to sit on the floor and hold a substantial jewelry horde, like that of Marie Antoinette. Handcrafted and hand-carved jewelry boxes are often considered family heirlooms, passed down from one generation to the next.

A close cousin of the jewelry box is the trinket box. As Victorians filled their homes with curiosities, souvenirs, gadgets, and other knick-knacks, they embraced these gorgeous containers, which often featured miniature figures of kids, flowers, or animals on the lids. Characters based on children's illustrations by Kate Greenaway were particularly popular motifs for these boxes.

In the early 1900s, metal jewelry caskets flourished. Mass-produced in Europe, they were sold to U.S. customers through mail-order catalogs such as Sears & Roebuck, Marshall Fields, and Montgomery Ward. Cast of antimonial lead, the boxes would be electroplated in copper and finished in silver or gold with names like French Bronze, Roman Gold, Pompeian Gold, French Gray, and Parisian Silver. Later, these metal boxes were also enameled with ivory. Inside, these boxes would be lined with velvet, satin, faille, or silk.

The emergence of the naturalistic Art Nouveau movement led to flowing organic motifs, such as sinewy flowers, fluttering birds, and the magnificent tresses of beautiful women. Keeping with Victorian tradition, the type of flowers on the jewelry box could represent a coded romantic message: four-leaf clovers meant good luck, daisies meant innocence, and roses were for love. Since most of these metal boxes, made from the turn of the century to the 1920s, have been destroyed or fallen apart, they are highly sought by collectors today.

Americans of that era were not content to just buy these European jewelry boxes; they created their own, often depicting scenes from American history, like plantation life prior ...

Early American jewelry-box manufacturers include Jenning Brothers, Benedict Manufacturing Company, NB Rogers, Kronheimer and Oldebusch, Brainerd and Wilson, and the Art Metal Works. Many of their jewelry boxes are unmarked, as catalog companies such as Sears & Roebuck didn't want any names other than their own on the products they sold. Fashions dictated they incorporate motifs with ancient Roman, Greek, and Egyptian imagery. Brainerd and Wilson put patents on their Art Nouveau designs, while Weidlich Brothers patented their Colonial patterns.

Established in New York City in 1912, Mele installed sophisticated displays for jewelry-store windows on Fifth Avenue, and that eventually led the company to produce high-quality jewelry cases. While metal was rationed during World War II, Mele had the honor of designing the boxes that held the Purple Heart medals awarded during the war.

After the war, Mele renewed its success by inventing a jewelry box with a tray that popped up automatically when you lifted the cover. According to a 1948 "Life" magazine, Macy's listed this box as one of its top-10 best-selling Christmas gifts.

The musical jewelry box evolved out of mechanical music maker invented in 1502 and the cylinder-driven music box of 1796, an advance credited to Swiss watchmaker Antoine Favre. By 1865, another Swiss watchmaker, Charles Reuge, was making pocket watches with musical movements and smaller music boxes that men carried in their coats. These tiny music makers were all the rage in the late 1800s, used in perfume bottles, necklaces, and children's toys. Eventually, Reuge made musical jewelry boxes, too.

Thanks to the Great Depression and World War II, American manufacturers all but quit producing jewelry boxes. As the war came to a close, many U.S. soldiers returned home with music boxes from Switzerland as gifts, reviving interest in these quaint little musical-cylinder devices.

Around that time, Mele began to import that musical movement from Switzerland, and in the mid-1950s, the company introduced its iconic ballerina jewelry box for children, which opened to reveal a ballet dancer pirouetting to a tinkling tune. Over the years, musical jewelry boxes have expanded their themes to include angels, carousels, or Christmas-themed characters.

During the '50s, Mele also introduced new non-musical jewelry box lines that were popular with adults, including the black Japanese-style lacquer and "furniture miniature" jewelry boxes. In the '60s, Mele began to acquire other jewelry box makers including E&A Gunther Co. in Canada and European manufacturer Lionite Ltd. In recent decades, Mele has adapted to the taste for long-lasting leather jewelry boxes.

Of course, fine jewelry companies like Cartier and high-end watchmakers like Patek Philippe, Ulysse Nardin, and Blancpain provided specially designed boxes for their wares. Perhaps the most coveted of these is the robin's egg blue box that contained a glimmering piece of Tiffany & Co. jewelry. Founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany in 1837, the New York retailer quickly became known as the epitome of luxury and style, as did its signature jewelry boxes.

So coveted was Tiffany jewelry, that it is became an essential part of the fairy-tale romance. The cliché goes something like, "Every girl dreams of receiving a little blue box from her beloved." "Every girl" apparently includes Holly Golightly, the fictional socialite played by Audrey Hepburn in 1961's "Breakfast at Tiffany's." In fact, the company has a trademark on "Tiffany Blue," a private custom color created by Pantone, PMS number 1837.

About our sources | Got something to add?

▼ Expand to read the full article ▼

Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)

All About Jewels Dictionary

All About Jewels Dictionary

This incredible reference dictionary on jewelry, from, is both beautiful and comprehensive. S… [read review or visit site]

Researching Costume Jewelry

Researching Costume Jewelry

Jewelry lovers, venture through this amazing database of vintage jewelry articles, catalogs, and brochures, as well… [read review or visit site]

Morning Glory Antiques and Jewelry

Morning Glory Antiques and Jewelry

Jewelry collectors, feast your eyes on this internet gem! It's a goldmine of jewelry information featuring all styl… [read review or visit site]

Emerald City Vintage Costume Jewelry

Emerald City Vintage Costume Jewelry

It looks like we're not in Kansas anymore with Elizabeth Rowlands' site on vintage costume jewelry from the 1940s a… [read review or visit site]

Cathy Gordon's Jewelry Gallery

Cathy Gordon's Jewelry Gallery

With its vast galleries featuring clear images of jewelry and style, this site really covers it all! Divided up by … [read review or visit site]

Jewel History

Jewel History

Since March of 2007, readers of Lori Ettlinger Gross’s JewelHistory blog have been treated to her weekly (sometim… [read review or visit site]

Clubs & Associations

Other Great Reference Sites

Most watched eBay auctions    

14k Yellow Gold Box Chain Jewelry NecklaceLarge Antique Baccarat French Hinged Crystal Cut Glass Casket Jewelry Box Nr Grm19th.c Chinese Carved Wooden Jewelry Box With Brass FittingsTiffany Sterling Silver Vintage Cigarette Or Jewelry Cedar Lined BoxVtg Art Deco Veneer Burl Wood Jewelry Trinket Wooden Tobacco Humidor Cigar BoxVintage Ormolu Beveled Glass Jewelry Casket Trinket Box Tufted Interior Base14k Yellow Gold Necklace Box Chain Opal Pendant JewelryPink Chloe 3 Level Jewelry Box With Mirror Travel Case Faux LeatherVery Rare Old Chinese Antique Wooden Cover Jewelry Box Marked Qianlong Ne675Vtg Signed Russian Black Red Lacquered Painted Folk Lore Jewelry Trinket Box #4Signed Steuben Crystal Etched Heraldic Lion W Axe Glass Jewelry Trinket Box NrVtg Chinese Export Four Tiered Stacking Cloisonne Food Jewelry Round Box Nr GrmBlue Rolex Oyster Datejust Watch Display Jewelry Box 51.00.01 W/ Key & BookletsBlack Leather 24 Mens Watch Box Large Glass Top Display Jewelry Case Organizer 6 Slot Carbon Fiber Watch Box Display Case Jewelry Organizer Case Holder - BlackRare Fairy Tale Russian 1958 Hand Painted Lacquer Trinket Jewelry Box Ussr SigndOrmolu Jewelry Casket With Purple Jewel Circa 1900sTiffany & Co. Empty Jewelry Bag Box And Suede Pouch *great For Valentine*Antique Old Chinese Cinnabar Lacquer Carved Jewelry Box Cosmetic Jar PoenyVintage Beveled Glass Ormolu Jewelry Casket Box Vitrine ExcellentAntique French Black Opaline Glass Trinket Box Jewelry Casket Ormolu Gilt BronzeBill Wall Bwl 30th Anniversary Wood Jewelry Display Box Glass TopVtg Signed Russian Black Red Lacquered Painted Folk Lore Jewelry Trinket Box #14Mings Hawaii Vintage Jewelry Box Only No ReserveLarge Vtg Wooden Wood Accordion Folding Sewing Craft Jewelry Box Basket RomaniaAntique Chinese Brass Cinnabar Lacquer Trinket Box Jewelry Children GardenWatch Box Large 20 Mens Black Leather Display Glass Top Jewelry Case OrganizerWatch Box Large 20 Mens Black Leather Display Glass Top Jewelry Case Organizer20 Slot Leather Watch Box Case Organizer Glass Top Display Jewelry Storage LargeKoala Trinket Box By Keren Kopal Faberge Egg Swarovski Crystal Jewelry BoxLarge Brown Leather 24 Grid Watch Display Case Glass Top Jewelry Box OrganizerOrnate Art Nouveau Silver (plated?) Metal Jewelry Casket With Faces C1900 Details About Old Handwork Chinese Wood Jewelry Box With Mirror Painted DragonTiffany & Co. Authentic Jewelry Packaging, 6 Boxes, 16 Bags (small + Large)Gold Gilt Filigree Ormolu Rhinestone Round Jewelry Casket / Powder JarVintage Wood & Glass Jewelry Countertop Display Showcase Box~16.5 X 13 X 3Antique Green Velvet Push Button Mother Of Pearl Stickpin Holder Jewelry Box Red Security Dictionary Cash Metal Jewelry Homesafe Key Lock Book Storage Box10 Watch Leather Box Glass Top Display Case Lockable Jewelry Storage Organizer Large Brown Leather 24 Grid Watch Display Case Glass Top Jewelry Box OrganizerCollection Of Vintage Jewelry Boxes Great For DisplayReed & Barton Figural Silver Plate Jewelry Casket Putta/fairies Open Work Armoire Jewelry Cabinet Wood Box Storage Chest Stand Organizer Durable & BeautyLarge Vintage 9 1/2 X 6" Wood Pirate Treasure Chest Jewelry Box W/lion HeadsFrog Trinket Box By Keren Kopal Austrian Crystal Jewelry Box Faberge Vtg Russian Black Red Lacquered Painted Maidens Folk Lore Jewelry Trinket Box #9Authentic Tiffany & Co. Box Jewelry Package Set 5 Pieces Free ShippingVintage Asian Hand Carved Wooden Jewelry Chest Box Dovetail, Hinged StunningAntique Chinese Tortoise-shell Pattern Jewelry Box. Qing Era Antique Art Nouveau Jewelry Casket Trinket Box B&w Brainard & Wilson 16820 Slot Leather Watch Box Case Organizer Glass Top Display Jewelry Storage LargeWatch Box Large 20 Mens Black Leather Display Glass Top Jewelry Case OrganizerGold Filigree Ormolu Vanity Casket Jewelry Box Blue Moon Cat Eye Western GermanyJewelry Box, Pewter, Antique ThimbleKramer Signed Vintage Ice Blue Jewelry Set With Original 1958 Receipt And BoxRare Limoges "bijoux" Jewelry Chest Trinket Box W/ Drawer & Jewels (retired) N/r**** Estate Fresh Wavecrest Dresser Box With Lining Trinket Jewelry Antique ****Wooden Jewelry Cabinet Armoire Storage Chest Stand Organizer Wood BoxGold Filigree Ormolu Vanity Casket Jewelry Box Rhinestone CenterHorse Trinket Box By Keren Kopal Austrian Crystal Jewelry Box Faberge