During the bleak years of the Great Depression, the lovable Shirley Temple became a symbol of happiness and hope for audiences around the world. In 1934, 20th Century Fox film songwriter Jay Gorney was taken with the dimpled, flaxen-haired star of a short film that preceded the feature at a local Los Angeles theater. As he was leaving, Gorney was surprised to recognize Temple and her family at the same theater, and soon the young actress was signing her first contract with Fox. By the end of the year, Temple would be featured in seven films, and would become the top-grossing box office star in the world.
Meanwhile, the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company approached the Temple family with its Shirley Temple doll concept, and sculptor Bernard Lipfert was tasked to create its unique mold. After seeing more than 20 variations, both the Temple family and Ideal’s staff were satisfied, and the first composition Shirley Temple doll was created.
The earliest prototype was made from composition with three different wig options—red, blond, and brunette. A more generic version of the doll was also marketed without using Temple’s last name. In October of 1934, Ideal applied for a patent, and the Shirley Temple doll was officially announced in an issue of the retail industry magazine “Playthings.”
The updated design came in four sizes, with hazel eyes and curly, strawberry-blonde hair. The product’s only marking read “COP IDEAL N&T Co.” which was imprinted on the back of the doll’s head. Shirley Temple dolls came complete with a polka-dotted dress like the one she wore in “Stand Up and Cheer,” along with an official tag and celluloid button.
At $3.00 each, even the smallest Shirley Temple dolls weren’t cheap. Yet the toys were a hit, and soon Ideal commissioned designer Mollye Goldman to create a variety of outfits based on Temple’s film roles. Shirley Temple fans soon had an assortment of organdy dresses to choose from, many in cute sailor striped or polka-dotted styles.
These mini-versions of the child star quickly became Ideal’s best-selling product, and were made in nine different sizes. Other companies created knockoffs and found creative ways to skirt copyright law. Beginning with its “Little Colonel” doll, Madame Alexander purchased the rights to the books on which Temple’s films were based and marketed their dolls using these titles.
Over the years, Ideal modified its product, slimming the face mold, altering her coloration, and embossing the Shirley Temple name on both its body and head. Extensive lines of c...
After a nearly 20-year hiatus, the company released a slightly more grown-up Shirley Temple doll made from vinyl in 1957. Temple became closely involved with the production and promotion of Ideal’s new series, and two years later helped launch its first “Shirley Temple Playpal” doll, which was a full three feet in height.
In 1960, the first Shirley Temple Collectors Club was established. From the '60s through the '80s, new Shirley Temple dolls were regularly distributed by companies like Montgomery Ward and the Danbury Mint, aimed primarily at nostalgic adult collectors.
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Recent News: Shirley Temple Dolls
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National Shirley Temple Tour Launches in RochesterRochester Democrat and Chronicle, April 24th
"Shirley Temple had a huge impact on American society, and her life inspired a host of dolls, toys, and other keepsakes," said Christopher Bensch, vice president for collections at The Strong. "We are honored to be chosen as the first venue to display...Read more
Shirley Temple Memorabilia Collection Starts Nationwide Museum Tour In 'Love ...KpopStarz, April 22nd
"The legacy of our mother's unique and legendary contribution to screen entertainment is embodied in these lovingly preserved artifacts of a childhood like few others in history," said the family of Shirley Temple in a statement. ... behalf of his...Read more
Legendary Actress Shirley Temple's Personal Childhood Collection Of Movie ...PR Newswire (press release), April 21st
The iconic Hollywood star Shirley Temple's private collection of movie costumes and childhood memorabilia will travel the U.S. this spring and summer and be featured in a Theriault auction event on July 14th. ... Steinway on behalf of his family, her...Read more
Shirley Temple's Personal Collection Of Costumes, Dolls, and Memorabilia ...New Jersey Stage, April 15th
Shirley Temple's Personal Collection Of Costumes, Dolls, and Memorabilia Comes to the Morris Museum (Morristown, NJ)— This Memorial Day weekend, join us in Morristown as we celebrate the little girl whose smile, charm, and curly hair carried the...Read more
Morris Museum to Host Shirley Temple Exhibition in MayBroadway World, April 13th
Also on display will be her personal dolls and playthings, a child-sized racing car given to Shirley Temple by her close friend and co-star Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, and extraordinary autograph books and letters. Paintings and illustrations created...Read more
Shirley Temple's Personal Childhood Collection of Movie Costumes, Dolls and ...PR Web (press release), April 7th
“Among other reasons, Wenham Museum was selected as the region's exclusive host for 'Love, Shirley Temple' because of our passion for protecting, preserving and interpreting the artifacts of childhood -- including our own world-renowned antique doll ...Read more
Shirley Temple's Keepsakes Going On Tour, From Her Dolls To Her Baby GrandThe Inquisitr, March 31st
So which of Shirley Temple's keepsakes could you own? There's the baby grand piano and child-sized race car from Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, her own autograph collection and her movie costumes, doll collection and gifts given to her by actors and...Read more
Annapolis auction firm Theriault's to sell childhood items from estate of ...CapitalGazette.com, March 29th
"When Fox Studios built Shirley Temple's home for her in the 1930s, they put in climate controlled cabinets for her dolls," said Stuart Holbrook, president of Theriault's. "It was unprecedented. Yet, cloth and composition dolls usually deteriorate over...Read more