During the bleak years of the Great Depression, the lovable Shirley Temple became a symbol of happiness and hope for audiences around the world. In 1934, 20th Century Fox film songwriter Jay Gorney was taken with the dimpled, flaxen-haired star of a short film that preceded the feature at a local Los Angeles theater. As he was leaving, Gorney was surprised to recognize Temple and her family at the same theater, and soon the young actress was signing her first contract with Fox. By the end of the year, Temple would be featured in seven films, and would become the top-grossing box office star in the world.

Meanwhile, the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company approached the Temple family with its Shirley Temple doll concept, and sculptor Bernard Lipfert was tasked to create its unique mold. After seeing more than 20 variations, both the Temple family and Ideal’s staff were satisfied, and the first composition Shirley Temple doll was created.

The earliest prototype was made from composition with three different wig options—red, blond, and brunette. A more generic version of the doll was also marketed without using Temple’s last name. In October of 1934, Ideal applied for a patent, and the Shirley Temple doll was officially announced in an issue of the retail industry magazine “Playthings.”

The updated design came in four sizes, with hazel eyes and curly, strawberry-blonde hair. The product’s only marking read “COP IDEAL N&T Co.” which was imprinted on the back of the doll’s head. Shirley Temple dolls came complete with a polka-dotted dress like the one she wore in “Stand Up and Cheer,” along with an official tag and celluloid button.

At $3.00 each, even the smallest Shirley Temple dolls weren’t cheap. Yet the toys were a hit, and soon Ideal commissioned designer Mollye Goldman to create a variety of outfits based on Temple’s film roles. Shirley Temple fans soon had an assortment of organdy dresses to choose from, many in cute sailor striped or polka-dotted styles.

These mini-versions of the child star quickly became Ideal’s best-selling product, and were made in nine different sizes. Other companies created knockoffs and found creative ways to skirt copyright law. Beginning with its “Little Colonel” doll, Madame Alexander purchased the rights to the books on which Temple’s films were based and marketed their dolls using these titles.

Over the years, Ideal modified its product, slimming the face mold, altering her coloration, and embossing the Shirley Temple name on both its body and head. Extensive lines of c...

After a nearly 20-year hiatus, the company released a slightly more grown-up Shirley Temple doll made from vinyl in 1957. Temple became closely involved with the production and promotion of Ideal’s new series, and two years later helped launch its first “Shirley Temple Playpal” doll, which was a full three feet in height.

In 1960, the first Shirley Temple Collectors Club was established. From the '60s through the '80s, new Shirley Temple dolls were regularly distributed by companies like Montgomery Ward and the Danbury Mint, aimed primarily at nostalgic adult collectors.

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Recent News: Shirley Temple Dolls

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Weekend events: Vintage Toy-Buying Show among 7 things to do in the South Bay
The Daily Breeze, January 22nd

The public is invited to bring everything from Pez dispensers to Shirley Temple dolls, Hummel figurines to Hot Wheels. Courtyard Marriott, 1925 W. 190th St., Torrance. Free admission and parking. For toy or doll questions or more information about the...Read more

You can take the girl out of the city, but…
News-Democrat & Leader, January 19th

Pretend games with my Shirley Temple doll and my life-size baby doll in her very own bed appealed to my cousin most. I liked that kind of play, too, but it was usually saved for a rainy day when I couldn't go outside. She enjoyed swinging, but didn't...Read more

What's that antique worth? Find out at State Museum roadshow
The State, January 16th

That's because, from 9:30 a.m. until 4 p.m., the State Museum is holding its popular Museum Roadshow event, which brings experts specializing in fine art, silver, pottery, furniture, books, jewelry, textiles, dolls, military artifacts and other items...Read more

The world needs another Shirley Temple
The Suburban Newspaper, January 14th

In later years her picture was discovered in the secret bedchamber of Anne Frank, where she hid from the Nazis. Mothers dressed their daughters like Temple and named their daughters after her. A line of Shirley Temple dolls was produced that is still...Read more

Carmen de Lavallade on a Life in Dance
Wall Street Journal, January 13th

Illustration: Holder/de Lavallade Archive. My sister Yvonne and I assumed my mother's role, and Elaine was like our doll. She had very curly reddish, gold hair that would have made Shirley Temple weep. We were home alone a lot and created our own fun...Read more

Lost Shirley Temple doll still her favorite
Quad City Times, December 24th

Santa left no gifts, no Shirley Temple doll. Wallie remembers, “I cried and cried. Then he returned and handed me a big box. I tore off the wrapping paper. My hands were shaking. Inside was my Shirley Temple doll. It was the happiest Christmas of my life...Read more

Antiques & Collectibles: Shirley Temple dolls still enchant collectors
Press of Atlantic City, December 5th

Ideal's original Shirley Temple doll, introduced in 1934, was a composition model of the famous child movie star. Enhanced with a mohair wig, it enjoyed international popularity until World War II. Later dolls such as yours were reissues with a vinyl...Read more

Barbie meets Shirley Temple at Florence doll shop
SCNow, August 30th

Twelve members make up the Pee Dee Doll Club, and with this year being the pearl anniversary, members displayed their favorite dolls, all draped in pearls. A tribute was also made to Shirley Temple, who died earlier in the year. Attendees at the doll...Read more