Since World War II, Japanese kokeshi dolls have become tremendously popular with American tourists—so much so, they’re now produced almost exclusively for Westerners. Kokeshi dolls are characterized by their lack of arms and legs, as well as their brightly painted garb in floral designs and geometric patterns. The process used for making these cylindrical wooden dolls is not unlike that employed to make legs for chairs or tables.
It’s likely that kokeshi originated in rural Tohoku, in northeast Japan, during the Bunka-Bunsei eras (1804-29) of the Edo Period. The farmers there, coping with long, snowbound winter nights, probably made the dolls from scraps of maple, dogwood, or magnolia using a pulley lathe. These dolls were possibly intended as good luck talisman, designed to bring fertility or bountiful harvests. Later, they were sold to tourists at Tohoku spas, and also given to console mothers who had lost a child through miscarriage or other misfortune.
Eventually, the kokeshi—made in 5-, 7-, and 10-inch sizes—became a toy for children’s play. It wasn’t until the 1920s that adults began to value these Japanese dolls as collector’s items. This renewed interest in kokeshi encouraged artisans to produce them in a much wider variety of sizes, from itty-bitty to huge.
After the war, when the U.S. occupied Japan, the wives and girlfriends of U.S. soldiers were particularly attracted to the cuteness of the kokeshi. Wood turners near Tokyo, having moved from kick lathes to mechanical ones, began churning them out for Westerners visiting tourist sites all over the island nation. These turners got creative with the form, making kokeshi in non-traditional shapes. They made “tochigi,” or kokeshi-headed toothpicks, and replicas of the Seven Lucky Gods clad in wild get-ups.
These later variations are of no interest to most Japanese, who prefer the handmade antique dolls with their distinct characteristics particular to their region of origin—Tsuchiyu, Yajiro, Togatta, Narugo, Hijiori, Sakunami, Zao, Kijiyama, Nambu, and Tsugaru. Some of the most esteemed kokeshi artisans include Sakurai Shoji and Ito Shoichi in Naruko; Ni'iyama Hisashi and the late Sato Yoshizo and his son Fumio in Yahiro; and Suzuki Shoji and Satomi Matsuhiro at Yamagata.
When looking for an antique kokeshi doll, keep in mind the balance of the body—a good doll is not too top-heavy. Collectors also favor dolls with expressive facial features applied with a calligraphy brush and an eye-pleasing balance of color that doesn’t appear too faded.
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Recent News: Kokeshi Dolls
Source: Google News
Mid-century Japanese figures multiply at Rausch houseAppleton Post Crescent, April 24th
What I thought were just figures are actually Japanese Kokeshi nesting dolls, according to the research I did online. Just like that, I went from having three of the dolls to six. Fortunately, my clumsiness only affected the wooden dolls and not the...Read more
Barcelona's Handmade Festival opens its doorsDaily Times, April 24th
The Handmade Festival Fair opened its doors on Friday showcasing new trends of the so-called "do-it-yourself" (DIY) world. The Handmade Festival focuses on Japanese culture this year, and will feature how to make origami, kokeshi, practice shodo and ...Read more
Street Art, British Punk, Japanese Cute and Black Culture — All in One ArtistLA Weekly, April 7th
“My friend brought me some Kokeshi dolls and they had round heads and looked like Afros. I like to juxtapose things,” says Glenn. She also stands out because she's the only woman artist in the show. “It's a girl,” said one CAAM patron, pointing at her...Read more
Metalhead's thoughts on NJPW's Invasion Attack 2015Inside Pulse, April 6th
Another bout of harmless fun, Honma made the crowd go wild (as usual) Hall showed some potential (but is still green as hell) before taking the fall after a cool 3D/ top rop Kokeshi sequence. Honma scoring the pin here might be significant but we'll...Read more
OMIYAGE FROM JAPAN: Traditional 'kokeshi' dolls become popular souvenir ...Asahi Shimbun, January 30th
In Gunma Prefecture, one of the country's major production areas, doll makers started producing modern-style kokeshi dolls noted for stereoscopic designs for the hair and other parts. Called the "Kindai Kokeshi," modern dolls are now available in...Read more
Beautiful video of master Japanese doll craftsman is equal parts inspiring and ...RocketNews24, November 6th
You don't even have to go all the way up to Miyagi to buy one, since Kokeshi no Okajin takes orders by email. If you're looking to add a Japanese accent to your home's interior, or just want to be inspired by the end result of someone being really good...Read more
Watch A Gorgeous Japanese Doll Form As If Out Of Thin AirHuffington Post, November 3rd
In it, a traditional Japanese kokeshi doll seems to appear out of thin air. But in fact, there's a skilled craftsman behind it all, one Yasuo Ozakazaki. Currently in his sixties, Ozakazaki learned the Noruko method of doll-making from his father...Read more
ronan + erwan bouroullec make kokeshi dolls for east japan & kengo kumaDesignboom, October 23rd
typically the japanese kokeshi doll is stick-like with a simple cylindrical shaped trunk, and no ability to move. the bouroullec brother's interpretation sees a form whose head is in more realistic proportions with the body; which is more conical in...Read more