Launched at the American Toy Fair in 1959, Barbie was the first teenage doll ever produced for children and quickly became one of the all-time best selling and most widely collected toys. Heavily promoted on TV, over a billion of the dolls have been sold. Collectors prize early numbered Barbie dolls from 1959 and the 1960s, as well as a wide range of rarities and special editions, such as Barbie dolls with bendable legs or red hair.
The toy was the vision of Ruth Handler, whose husband, Elliot, was the "el" in Mattel and whose daughter, Barbara, gave the doll its name. The inspiration for Barbie’s facial features and impossible hourglass figure was Bild Lilli, a doll Handler picked up in 1956 while vacationing in Europe.
Bild Lilli, which is a collectible in its own right, had pouty lips, reminiscent of the lips found on bisque and porcelain dolls in Europe. Mattel metallurgist Kohei Suzuki gave Barbie more natural-looking lips, although her eyes and nose were kept almost identical to those of her forebear.
The other critical difference between Bild Lilli and Barbie was the concept of accessories. Beyond Barbie’s standard black-and-white zebra-striped swimsuit, little girls in the United States could choose 22 other ensembles, ranging from a collarless Chanel-style jacket with matching sheath skirt to a satin-and-tulle bridal gown. Clothing designer Charlotte Johnson was hired away from her teaching post at Chouinard Art School in Los Angeles to complete this critical task.
Most of the outfits offered in 1959 were still available in 1960, making the three that were discontinued (Easter Parade, Gay Parisienne, and Roman Holiday) extremely collectible. Of the six new outfits added in 1960, Friday Night Date was one of the best, thanks to its charming blue corduroy jumper with felt appliqués, pair of soda glasses with cotton standing in for actual fizz, and a black serving tray bearing the Barbie logo.
1961 introduced the world to Ken, Barbie’s boyfriend named after Barbara Handler’s brother. In addition to Barbies with ponytails, dolls with bubble-cut 'dos were also offered. Barbie’s ever-increasing line of outfits suggested that this woman did more than go to fancy parties and beach barbecues — she was an American Airlines stewardess, a nurse, and even a professional ballerina.
Barbie’s best friend Midge was added in 1963. Though Midge’s facial features were different from Barbie’s, her body style was the same so that accessories could be mixed and matc...
During the middle of the 1960s, dolls in the Barbie line gained bendable limbs so they could be posed, but the major facelift came in 1967. Rooted eyelashes replaced the doll’s plastic ones, and Twist 'N Turn Barbies were offered for just $1.50 plus the trade-in of an old doll, which is why many of the original vintage dolls are so hard to find and expensive. 1967 was also the year that Barbie and her increasing number of friends went mod. The Bermuda Holidays outfits predate Goldie Hawn’s costumes on Laugh-In.
1967 is important to Barbie collectors for two other reasons: It was the year an African-American doll, Francie, joined Barbie and her friends, and it was the last year the doll was manufactured in Japan. From 1968 onwards, Barbie dolls were produced in Mexico, Taiwan, and Korea.
Best of the Web (“Hall of Fame”)
Fashion Doll Guide
Vintage Barbie Vinyl Reference Guide
Vintage Dolls of the 50s
Kaylees Korner of Collectible Dolls
Museum of Childhood
Clubs & Associations
Other Great Reference Sites
Most watched eBay auctions
Recent News: Barbie Dolls
Source: Google News
Citrus-licious Orange Rice Saladseattlepi.com (blog), July 23rd
Beyond the crazy stuff I'm always looking for – vintage linens, mid century furniture, old paintings of people and/or dogs, vintage Barbie dolls – I love finding old church and hospital guild cookbooks or boxes and notebooks stuffed with handwritten...Read more
Consumer group outraged by Girl Scouts' new partnership with BarbieChron.com (blog), July 23rd
This week, a collection of three cookie-pushing Girl Scout Barbies—Nikki, Teresa and Barbie—became available online and they'll rolling out in stores nationwide through mid-August. The brown-haired Nikki doll, for example, sports pink capris, a crisp...Read more
Sky's the limit for designers, companies at Comic-ConThe Daily Camera, July 22nd
Marvel's "The Thanos Imperitive" action figure set, at center with a foam Infinity Gauntlet, is seen with, from left, the Transformers "Knights of Unicron" collection, My Little Pony Mane-iac Mayhem figure, Transformers Dinobots collection and My...Read more
Designers create Comic-Con toysCharleston Daily Mail, July 21st
Core brands like Barbie have seen less of a demand, with a 14 percent drop in sales in the first quarter of this year. Mattel had a net loss for the first three months ending March 31 that totaled $11.2 million. But things will at least seem rosier at...Read more
Barbie Lagerfeld: Fashion designer Karl is to be made into a dollIrish Independent, July 21st
The limited-edition Barbie is set to be produced later this year as part of Mattel's Barbie Collector series. A sketch revealed the doll with Kaiser Karl's signature grey pony tail, black ... Last year a Japanese cartoon version of the designer was...Read more
Chanel's Karl Lagerfeld designs high-fashion look for BarbieNew York Daily News, July 17th
Ahead of the fall season, Mattel has invited couturier and Chanel creative director Karl Lagerfeld to design a look for its iconic fashion doll. The result will be a collector's edition Barbie with all the hallmarks of Lagerfeld's distinctive style...Read more
Batman 1966 Catwoman Barbie Collector DollCaped Crusades, July 12th
From the collector doll line by Mattel, Barbie depicts Catwoman from the classic 1966 Batman television series. Designed by Bill Greening, this Catwoman Barbie doll is dressed in the classic 1966 outfit. The doll comes with a removable mask, cat ears...Read more
Auctioning off a glamour girlStuff.co.nz, July 11th
Among the collection going up for auction are Barbie's friends, including her beau, Ken, and Midge, her frumpy friend, designed after concerns that Barbie was just too darn sexy. Barbie Millicent ... There is even a lingerie Barbie - a collector's doll...Read more